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We have had a good many contributors who have furnished original 
material or helped to compilate and keyboard this VERY EXTENSIVE 
series of history articles.  Amongst these are: 


Paul Krupp wrote a series of articles on the History of Fostoria 
during the 1970s and 1980s.  These were printed in the Review-Times. 
They ran, generally, once a week although there were a few dry spells 
in-between when he ran out of breath.

It must be emphasized that it require HUNDREDS of man (and woman) 
hours to accomplish these tasks.  Therefore the first postings will 
undoubtedly have some typos, errors and ommissions.  Bring these to 
our attention and they will be corrected.  We'll clean up our act as 
we go. 







]]> (Super User) Krupp Import Fri, 25 May 2012 20:18:40 +0000
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]]> (Super User) Krupp Import Fri, 25 May 2012 19:17:44 +0000
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Thursday, September, 27, 1984


Pix #1 - Students at Amsden two-room School in 1919: Front Row, left to right: Hazel Shaw, Marie Reeder, Bell Reeder, Florence Trumbo, Lucille Aumaugher, Iva Copsey, Myron Huff, Willard Radcliff, Second Row: Everett Clinker, Harold Fell, Lester Clinker, Reuben Reeder, Leland Sour, Ethel Thompson, Zenith Nederhouser, Doris Aumaguher. Top Row: Zera Craun, Alta Harding, Ida Mowery, Miss Alma Myers, teacher, Mone Copsey, Zenith Mowery, Harold Thompson, Elmer Shaw, Homer Wyant.

Pix #2 - The Lakota Junior High School building located in Amsden, serves the total Lakota School District, covering areas in Seneca, Wood and Sandusky counties.

At our family reunion today, my cousin from Amsden brought the Fostoria papers, dated July 5, July 12, and August 16. You see, I feel deep ties with that little town. My mother was born and raised there, and my grandfather's house was the big house on the hill across from the depot. He was George Aumaugher. My sisters and I spent a lot of time with our grandmother and grandfather.

The above opening of a long letter I received from Ray L. Remusat, residing at 542 Myers St., Toledo. That family reunion was Aug. 19 and on that same day he sat down and wrote the letter, which I am sure will interest many readers. Mr. Remusat is part of the Aumaugher and Stahl families. Members of the latter are still living in this area.


I remember he (Mr. Aumaugher) took my cousin and I to the sawmill to watch them cut the logs. (The photo of the mills was in one of my articles). The mill, as I remember was at the end of and to the right on North St. We would also walk to the blacksmith's shop and watch him work. The Blacksmith was located across the street from the mill, or grain elevator, he said.

Grandfather also took care of the church. Sometimes he would let my cousin and I ring the bell on Sunday morning. Sometimes on Saturday we would ride the interurban (electric car) to Fremont to shop.

When I was one and a half years old, I got my finger cut off in the cream separator. Grandad had the cover off the gears to oil them, and I stuck my hand in the wrong place, as most kids do at that age. They sold milk, butter, and eggs to the people in town.


While visiting there every time a train would come us kids would run down to the depot to watch it. My father was a conductor for the New York Central at that time. I am an engineer for Conrail now, but started out with the New York Central.

I don't remember any hotels in Amsden, but I do remember some school teachers renting rooms at the Aumaugher home. the school house picture on the July 5 article my mother, aunts and uncles all went to school there. Many of the names listed in the article ring a bell with me. Mother spoke a lot of the people around Amsden. there are very few Aumaughers around anymore. The names on the public school souvenir (in July 12 article) are very familiar A.J. Stahl is a relative and J.L. Feasel was my great-uncle.


I have a book of genealogy of the Stahl family in America. My great-grand- mother was a Stahl. My grandfather and granmother are buried at the Old Zion Lutheran Cemetery. It seems like two thirds of the people in that cemetery are relatives. Also a lot of relatives are in Fountain Cemetery. I have been told that at one time half of the population in Jackson Township were related.

Back in the late 30's and early 40's my cousin and I would ride our bicycles from Toledo to our uncle's farm, J.L. Feasel, on Co. Rd.#3, just outside Amsden, to join the threshing gang. We would spend a month or so going from farm to farm. A man named John Strowman, I believe, had the threshing rig.

I would like a copy of all of the articles...they struck a nerve.

Mr. Remusat apologized...if this letter bored you too much. Little did he realize that his letter interested me very much as I am sure it will the readers of this column.

Since receiving the earlier letter from Ray Remusat, another arrived along with several very fine, old photos which are bound to interest readers. They will be published either during the series of articles about Amsden or at a later date depending on available space.


A history of Amsden would not be complete without an update on the school, its facilities, philosophy, program and staff.

In 1922 the first centralized school was built in Amsden to accommodate pupils in grades one through 12. When the Lakota High School was built north of Amsden a few miles, the school in Amsden discontinued instruction of grades nine through 12.

A shift in teaching philosophy, current geography and pupil population has resulted in the school in Amsden now becoming Lakota Junior High School to serve grades seven and eight for the total Lakota School District. To fit that new arrangement, the school building in Amsden has been expanded and updates from its original structure.

Today all pupils in grades one though six are taught in three elementary schools located in bradner, Lakota West; Risinsun, Lakota Central; and Burgoon, Lakota East.


Looking through the Lakota Junior High School Student Handbook reveals what goes on inside the building shown with today's article. The handbook explains what is expected of students, and all of the advantages available through courses of study and extra-curricular activities.

It has been a long time since I was a student so the handbook was helpful. It seems to me that it is an excellent idea to set the stage properly for parents, teachers and pupil relations.

The opening paragraph in the book's forward stated "This handbook is presented to the students of the Lakota Local School District and their parents in an effort to provide for a body of understanding between home and school". That section ends with, "It is the goal of the Board, the Administration and all members of the staff to make the educational experience in Lakota Schools meaningful and rewarding.

The handbook covers every conceivable subject or situation involving students while they are being bused and during the periods in the school building, guiding and counseling, hazing, library, lunch programs, restrooms, medicine and sick room, student council, study hall rules, truancy, behavior, tobacco, narcotics and alcohol, and much more.

The student handbook provides strong evidence that Lakots Junior High School is well organized to provide quality education in an atmosphere suitable for learning conforming to the varied learning abilities of the students.


Jeffrey Szabo, principal of Lakots Junior High School, assisted me in accumulating data for this article.

Szabo explained that the school's 270 students, both boys and girls, have the opportunity to participate in a full program of sports including football, basketball, volleyball, track, cross country running and wrestling.

All seventh-graders get one half year of cooking and serving industrial arts and woodworking. Eighth-graders take their choice of one of those subjects for a full year.

Students also have a science club meeting once each month.


Gene Wedge, 1241 Madison Rd., telephoned to chat about the Amsden series, which stirred a lot of memories for him when his parents lived in that village.

His father was Joe, whom I knew. But I never knew that they lived in Amsden. The family came to this area from southern Ohio. Charles Ash, father of Earl and Carmen, helped Joe Wedge get started in farming in the Amsden area.

Gene recalls that the family lived in a house directly across from the house where Ethel (Reese) Ash lives today. But the house is no longer there. It is all farm land now.

Wedge also recalls that Charles Ash sponsored a corn husking contest in one of his fields and his father Jow was the champion husker. The trophy for his skill is still in Gene's possession.

I should have known that the Wedges lived in Amsden before the series got so far along. Gene remembers much about his life there.

Many readers will recall Bonnie as a part of the Wedge family before marriage. She now resides in Augusta, Ga.


I had known about Earl Ash's public spirit and generosity, but one reader of the Amsden series told me how it affected their family when she was a girl.

She said back then her father was having a difficult time with finances and keeping his family fed and clothed. "One winter", she said, "all of us kids needed shows, and my father didn't have money to buy them. Earl Ash heard about our predicament and bought shoes for all us kids.

Later when the father had money to repay Ash refused it sying he wanted to do the good deed and did not want to be repaid.


Readers will recall the two-part article about the Ohio Veteran's Home in Sandusky in Potluck a few weeks ago.

Mr. and Mrs. Harry Stoneberger visited the home recently and were told by Col. John Weeks, the administrator, that it was the best article that had ever been written about the institutuion.

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May 31, 1984


PIX #1 - This two-seater buggy was made by Guy Kehrwecker for Clark Gable.

PIX #2 - This residence on Eighth Street in Upper Sandusky, once the resi- dence of the George Beery family, is now the town's museum.

PIX #3 - Guy Kehrwecker

(AUTHOR'S NOTE: Today's column is again made up of Reader Feedback from the recent series about the CHV&T Railroad. There's still more to come next week from an accumulation. Hope you enjoy!)

The April 26 Potluck about the CHV&T train trip to Marion and Prospect brought an interesting response and more information from McMurray & Fisher Sulky Co.

Charles E. "Chuck" Williams, 1112 Stoner Rd., suggested I see his wife, Esther, since her father, Guy Kehrwecker, worked for Houghton & McMurray Co., a successor to the original company.

Following his suggestion I eventually visited Kehrwecker, now a resident at Edgewood Manor Nursing Home. I later telephoned Houghton Sulky Co. to verify if the company is still in operation.

It is always interesting and heartening to learn that a company starting back in the 1800's is still making the same products even though the name has been changed several times.


When Kehrwecker started to work at the buggy and sulky factory in 1943, the original name had already become Houghton & McMurra. Prior to that he worked at Huber Manufacturing Co., makers of traction engines and threshing ma- chines, another Marion company named and illustrated in the April 26 article.

In my telephone conversation with Mark Bauer at Houghton Sulky I learned that they are still very active in producing all of the items they ever made. These include harness buggies, vicerois, top buggies, showcarts, wood wheel carts and training carts...the complete sulky line.

Unlike the mass-produced products in many factories today, Houghton's pro- ducts take days to make with skilled labor, just as they did many years ago. A variety of woods are used including oak, poplar, ash and hickory. All of these require cutting, shaping, planing and assembly. A blacksmith shop is also required for preparing metal parts. Then there is final finishing in the paint shop.

Houghton is still at 185 N. State St. where it has been for many years. Kehrwecker told me that one day he was out in front of the factory when an elderly man with a walking cane came along. He told Kehrwecker that he went to Sunday school and church in the building when he was a boy. It was a Methodist church then, built for that purpose, with thick stone walls.


Kehrwecker retired from the sulky business in 1964, but later they asked him if he would come back and work 2-3 hours a day on a very special order for a two-seater show buggy, shown in the accompanying photo. He went back to work.

Who do you think the buggy was for? It was made for Clark Gable, the movie actor. It was the last buggy Kehrwecker worked on.

They still remember Kehrwecker at Houghton Sulky, I was told in my telephone conversation with Mark Bauer.

The next time you go to the county or state fair and watch the horse races, you may think about the sulkies being made in Marion.


When I put together the third article about Marion and Prospect along the railroad, I didn't remember that Bob Baumgartner once lived in Prospect. When he asked what I had been writing about lately. I showed the visitors the railroad articles. Boy became enthused to see the pictures and read a- bout the railroad. He had worked for the railroad for 41 years. He was born in Prospect and had spent his early life there.

Photos of theUnion Milling Co. and Miller Jones Co. were shown in that arti- cle. Bob remembered both of them. He said both mills were adjacent to the CHV&T tracks, one on each side.

The Remembrancer, from whichdata was extracted for the articles, showed the school house in Prospect where Bob received his early education. Later a new school was built beside the old one where he finished.

Bob's father ran a milk route in Prospect and also worked at the Army Depot in Marion. He said the family home still stands in Prospect. His father is deceased and his mother resides in a Delaware nursing home. Bob has fond memories of his early lifethere.


I knew Bob had worked for the C&O Railroad but I didn't know where he had been stationed. When I asked it turned out to be almost everywhere north of Columbus: Powell, Hyatts, Powell, Carey, Delaware, Marion, Upper Sandusky, Harpster, Morral, Fostoria, Risingsun, Pemberville, Bradner and the Millard Avenue docks in Toledo.

The Baumgartners were also interested in the second article about Upper Sandusky. Noticing a photo in The Remembrancer of the Beery residence they said it is now that town's museum having been donated by the descendants of that family. It is located on Eighth Street. George W. Beery was the treasurer for the Company, one of Upper Sandusky's thriving factories back then. It was shown and mentioned in the article.

Since the old Beery house is identified in this article it is also illus- trated with the photo from The Remembrancer.

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May 24, 1984


PIX #1 - Sketch of Col. Crawford which appears in Upper Sandusky, Wyandot Memories.

PIX #2 - Monument tells story of Col. Crawford.

(AUTHOR'S NOTE: The six-part series about the CHV&T railroad prohibited the use of much Reader Feedback from the readers. Today's column is all feed- back as it will be next week. Sorry for the delay in presenting this part of Potluck).


Soon after The Review Times was printed and delivered March 22, Mrs. John Solether, 514 Van Buren St., telephoned to talk about Roosevelt's visit here.

She said Roosevelt came to Fostoria and appeared in front of The Times build- ing in 1911. She said she remembers that event very well, although she was only 8 years old and in the third grade.

According to Mrs. Solether, he came to Fostoria on the LE&W railroad and the train layed-over until he had delivered his address. She recalls that it was in the fall of the year.

The Kaubisch Memorial Public Library is attempting to establish the date of his visit here through the Toledo library. If and when the information be- comes available it will be provided in this column.


Two messages were received from David B. Risdon, Hartford, Conn. The first one called attention to several errors in spelling of names, but there were complimentary remarks too.

"I am especially pleased to know that the name Risdon is still to be seen on the historical plaque in Risdon Square.

"Your four articles are most commendable and no doubt of great interest to Fostoria citizens who like to read about local history."

His second letter called attention to a serious error in the headline of the last article: "I was just filing away the copies of your articles and sud- denly noticed the headline, "The Daughters Of Joseph Risdon Sr.'

"I paused, and thought: 'Just who is Joseph Risdon Sr.?' There is only one Joseph Risdon among all the male descendents of Josiah Risdon."

The headline should have read Josiah instead of Joseph.

Edna Risdon Neary, residing at Plano, Texas, wrote: "I was so thrilled to get the clippings. Am working on copies of my mother's family. When I get them done you will be hearing from me. I have a letter William Rumple wrote his wife from Iowa. He died of cholera the night he returned home. Also have an interesting articleabout wolves chasing the Rosenberger sled. Thanks again, so pleased."

The Rosenbergers were a local family that followed David Risdon to Iowa.


Alverda Myers, residing on Ohio 23 north, telephoned me as soon as she read the Potluck article about "the other Fosters" on April 5. Visiting in her home later, I was surprised at the information and photos she had.

Mrs. Myers' grandmother's sister was Lydia Swope, who was married to Abraham Foster, both of whom wrementioned in the April 5 article. In fact, Mrs. Myers has a photograph of Abraham and Lydia, which she thinks may have been their wedding picture. She also has photos of Ella and Ora, twin daughters of Abraham and Lydia.


Rebecca Hampshire, daughter of Barney and Margaret Hampshire, was married to Daniel Swope, great-grandfather of Alverda Myers. In Mrs. Myers' possession is a large framed certificate of the birth and christening of Rebecca on June 3, 1813, in Morgan County, Ohio. As I admiringly looked at the beauti- ful certificate I was impressed with the importance of the birth and the christening of children back then. I then thought about lives by the mil- lions that are snuffed out today by abortions.

Jonas Foster married Elizabeth Stahl and they had daughters, Louisa and Dora, for which Mrs. Myers also has pictures.

Another piece of memorabilia which she has which interested me was a certifi- cate from the American Bible Society, New York. It was issued to Daniel Swope through the Fostoria branch of that organization dated March 20, 1865, signed by E.W. Clark, agent. It was alsosigned by R.L. Caples and M.W. Plain. The award to Swope was for his donation of $5. My special interest in the ABS award rose out of many years of membership in it too.


Blake Myers, 116 N. Union St., telephoned to reminisce about the old "Hocking Valley," as he called it.

First he asked if I had ever seen the monument near the village of Crawford erected in memory of Colonel Crawford who was burned at the stake by Indians in 1782. I told him I saw it many years ago.

The story about Col. Crawford and his inhumane demise at the hands of the Indians is told in a booklet printed for Grace Emahiser, 145 Rock St. The account is the only eye-witness report written by Dr. John Knight taken from the Pennsylvania Archives.

Mrs. Emahiser, a descendent of the Crawford family, has written a book about the family and a copy is on file at Kaubisch Memorial Public Library. The Upper Sandusky Wyandot County Pictorial Memories also contains information about Col. Crawford. It can be found at the library too.

Several years ago consideration was given to moving the Crawford monument to a more suitable location. Many of the colonel's descendents opposed to the move and it is still on the same spot where it was placed in 1877.


Back in the early 1920's when the C&O (another name under which the Chessie System operated) was laying double tracks, Blake Myers, then a young man, was working for that railroad.

When work was being done in the Crawford vicinity Myers mentioned the Colonel Crawford monument to one of the railroad bosses who knew nothing about it. He asked Myers to take him to it. Blake did take him to the monument and told him the story about it.

Myers also recalls another event from that time when he worked for the C&O. A number of aliens worked as section hands and they liked to talk to Myers to improve their ability to speak English. One of them was a young Mexican who was instantly killed by a train when they were working.

The young man's body was held at the morgue in Carey for considerable time until his parents could be located in Mexico. When finally discovered, Myers said that they learned the young man's father was high in politics in his country.

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May 10, 1984


PIX #1 - The Elliott Branchof the U.S. Baking Co.

PIX #2 - Kilbourne & Jacobs Manufacturing Co.

PIX #3 - D. Kelly

PIX #4 - Born & Co.'s capital brewery

(AUTHOR'S NOTE: This is the fifty in a series of articles about the CHV&T railroad, now the Chessie System, the towns along the line from Toledo to the Ohio River...some ofthe industry and scenery, as it was before and after the turn of the century.)

Today's ride leaves Delaware and heads for Columbus, the capital city.

The Remembrancer, published by the CHV&T in 1893, said, "Famous among pros- perous cities of America is Columbus, Ohio. It is located in the center of population in the United States, the capital ofthe central state in the union. Its progress and growth have not been spasmodic, but ofthe nature to establish confidence and attract the attention of people everywhere.

"Situated at a point in the Ohio Valley, midway between the great fresh water lakes on the north and the Ohio river on the south, it furnishes as delight- ful a dwelling place the year round as can be found in the 44 states."


"Columbus, with its 15 lines of railway, among which are all the main trunk lines of the country reaching out in every direction, the business man and manufacturer find the shipping advantages necessaryto the success of their enterprises.

"The past 10 years has shown the greatest growth in Columbus, the population decreasing from 51,000 in 1880 to 90,000 in 1890. Its wide streets and ave- nues have been paved with the most substantial materials, with granite and stone blocks for its chief business thoroughfares, and asphalt and several varieties of hard-burned brick on residence and side-streets."

Back before the turn of the century, Columbus already had its fine state capitol, plus many institutions for public welfare. These included the Institution for Education of the Blind, Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, Institutionforthe Feeble Minded, and the State Penitentiary.

The annual death rate in the Columbus area was less than 13 percent compared to 20-30 percent in the rest of the United States.


There isn't space to list all of the many businesses and industries in Colum- bus, but the following are a few showing the variety, along with photos of some which existed at that time.

Columbus Cabinet Co., manufacturers and dealers in furniture. Organized in 1861, located in the 200 block of South High Street.

Columbus Bicycle Co., located on West Spring Street, organized in 1890.

Coleman & Felber, organized in 1866, manufacturers of crackers, biscuits, cakes, and confections.

Sciota Boiler Works, located on North Sciota Street, manufacturers of boil- ers, tanks, and sheet iron, started in 1878.

J.F. Williams & Sons, proprietors of Franklin Roller and Roscoe Star Mills (millers of grain), started in 1892.

Hand Cut File Works, makers of all kinds of files and rasps, located at Water and Spring Streets, started in 1877.

Jeffrey Manufacturing Co., makers of all types of coal mining equipment, or- ganized in 1878.

Rock Wall Plaster Co., since 1889, located on West Broad Street, volume per day was 1,500 100-pound bags.

The Capital Sheet Metal Co., started in 1893, makers of metal ceilings, gut- ters and siding.

John Immel & Son, builders of carriages, buggies, wagons, coupes and rocka- ways, located on East Livingston Avenue.

The Case Manufacturing Co. began operations in 1879 on Curtis Avenue, manu- facturers of leather, rubber and cotton belting, wire cloth, pulleys and everything for grain mills.

The Kilbourne & Jacobs Manufacturing Co., since 1881, making grading machin- ery, road scrapers, wheel barrows, sinks and troughs.

Capital Brewery, started in 1859, 50,000 barrels of beer per day.

D. Kelly, located at Front and Noughten Streets, wholesale grocers and job- bers in wines, liquors, and cigars.

Elliott Branch of U.S. Baking Co., located at South High Street and South Pearl Street, bakers of bread, cakes, crackers, confections, established in 1859.

The CHV&T Railroad, the number of men employed in their Columbus shops was extensive to keep the locomotives, freight and passenger cars in operating condition.

The census report of 1880 established there wre 316 manufacturing plants in Columbus employing 5,490 people. By 1892 the factories numbered 1,005 with 15,809 employees.

(TO BE CONTINUED) READER FEEDBACK RODE CHV&T AT 11 MONTHS Willis Wyant, West South Street, reported that he recalled his mother telling him that she had taken him to Vinton on that railroad when he was only 11- months-old. They wre to attend the funeral of his greatgrandmother. Vinton as almost at the south end of the line. HAM-BEAN DINNER AT VINTON Willis Wyant also told me that for many years the small community of Vinton held an annual ham and bean dinner. He said people came from all over that area to get in on the feed. Presumably, some of them rode the CHV&T to get there. RODE THE CHV&T OFTEN Evelyn Myers, 324 Elm St., after reading the articles about the old Hocking line, told me that she rode it manytimes when she worked in Toledo, and came home on weekends to see her family. MAP SETTLED ARGUMENT A Potluck reader residing in Bradner telephoned to inquire the date of the first article in the series about the CHV&T. He had read the article which included a map of stops along the way. He and a friend had discussed it and he needed to get another copy having lost his to prove that the train went through Vinton since the friend disagreed. Hopefully the map settled it.

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May 17, 1984


PIX #1 - Offices and General Stores, Haydenville Mining and Manufacturing Co.

PIX #2 - Nelsonville Sewer Pipe Co.

(AUTHOR'S NOTE: Today's article is the sixth and last part in a series of articles about the towns and villages along the CHV&T railroad. Next week's article may contain a few pictures from southern Ohio for which space has not been available, along with "Feedback." I am sure there are some old employ- ees of the railroad still living in this area. They may have interesting tales to tell. I hope they will call me.)

Leaving Columbus on the imaginary train trip we head south into a beautiful part of Ohio. The Remembrancer mentions Lancaster as "the first important city south of Columbus."

"From a geographical point of view, Lancaster ismost favorably situated in the very heart of a country rich in minerals, coal and pasture land; also large amounts of natural gas of a very dry quality with high illuminative power, without unpleasant odor."

Already back in the 1890's Lancaster had several carriage factories, two large manufacturers of agriculture implements, three flourmills, grain ele- vators, pottery, two cigar factories, tile and brick works, bottling plant, soap works, glass factory, creamery and brewery. In later years, shoe fac- tories located there.

Buckeye Lake, not far from Lancaster, was a popular recreation and fishing resort.

Lancaster also had the Boy's Industrial School of Ohio, the Fairfield County Fair Grounds and the Methodist Conference Camp Grounds.

Today that area of Ohio has newly developed state parks with lodging and camping facilities, fishing and hiking areas, and nature spots such as Old Man's Cave and Rock House.


Logan is located on what The Remembranceer termed "a beautiful plateau two miles long and three quarters wide, inthe center of the great mining dis- tricts of the Hocking Valley. The town's importance comes from its rich mineral fields and fine agriculture surroundings...contributing to its trade, manufacturing and shipping advantages."

The town back then was at the junction of a spur of the CHV&T line which went into Athens, Straitsville and several other stops. At Logan was The Depot House where all trains on the Hocking valley, both north and south bound, made lunch and dinner stops. It also provided sleeping rooms.

Among Logan's manufacturers were the Logan Fire Clay Co. and the Logan Foun- dry and Machine Works.

The clay companymade paving brick, fire brick and ground fire clays. It also made vitrified artistic paving tile for sidewalks. They operated 12 kilns with a maximum daily capacity of 40,000 bricks.

The foundry made plows, coal cars, car wheels, boiler fronts, columns, and iron fronts for buildings, wrapping machines and printing presses.


Haydenville, located on the spur of the CHV&T that ran to Athens, was not an incorporated village but was the property of Haydenville Mining & Manufactur- ing Co., which employed the adult population of 25 families, consisting of 700 people.

The company was the first to demonstrate the value of Hocking clay which became famous for almost every line of clay goods. They manufactured sewer pipe, chimney pipe, fittings, paving blocks, sidewalk tiles, terra cota brick, window sills, wall furring, column covering and wall and cornice fur- ring.

Being a "company" town they disallowed saloons and other degrading forms of busness and entertainment. There was a Methodist Episcopal church said to be a credit to large communities.


The Remembrance tells about Nelsonville, 40 miles south of Columbus, " the midst of the largest bituminous coal fields in Ohio...the surrounding country being rich in coal, iron ore, limestone, and fine clays, in many cases to depths of 48 feet. Also white clay and oxide of iron enough to paint every building in the union...20 coal mines in active operation... cheap fuel and good water."

The Nelsonville Sewer Pipe Co. manufactured sewer pipe, paving block, flue linings, chimney tops and fire brick.

The Nelsonville Foundry & Machine Co. made hoisting engines, coal dumpers, elevator and conveying chain, ventilating fans, mining cars, revolving coal screens and car wheels.


Athens is the county seat of Athens County and the home of Ohio University, the first institution of higher learning endowed by Congress. OU was also the first one established in the territory north of the Ohio River.

In addition to schools, churches and businesses, the town had two manufactur- ing plants.

The Athens Brick Co. made brick for building, paving and sewage purposes. It was capable of making 50,000 bricks per day.

The Crippen Wagon Co. made farm wagons.


Gallipolis was often referred to as "Detroit of the Ohio River." According to The Remembrancer, "It commands the admiration of all who ever visited it on account of its fine scery and the fertility of the surrounding country, and a beautiful park, covering six acres, bounded on one side by the princi- pal business street, and onthe other by the waters of the placid Ohio River, where looking up the valley, one can see the approach of its waters five miles distant."

There were also some manufacturing plants in Gallipolis.

Enos Hill & Co. made marine and stationery engines, all kinds of mill machin- ery and sheet iron.

The Fuller & Hutsinpiller Co. made furniture.

The Gallipolis Furniture Co. made oak bedroom suites.

The Anchor Mills, established in 1835, milled "The Amazon" brand flour. The mill could produce 80 barrels per day.

The State Epileptic Asylum was also located in Gallipolis.


Located in Meigs County, Middleport is 215 miles above Cincinnati on the Ohio River. The Remembrancer described it as "one of the handsomest towns on the river, the surrounding area being rugged hill country with pleasant valleys."

The Middleport Flour Co. is the oldest in Ohio established in 1835.

The Middletown Granite Brick Co. produced paving, common brick and hallwood blocks with a daily capacity of 25,000 bricks.

The Riverdale Brick Co. made paving, building and sewer blocks with a daily capacity of 20,000 bricks.

The German Furniture Co. produced 50 chamber suites per day.

The Ohio Machine Co. made boiler makers, brick making machinery and general machinists.

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May 3, 1984


PIX #1 - Eagle Tunnel, Ohio River Division, near Delaware on CHV&T.

PIX #2 - Powell's Run Mine

PIX #3 - Merrick Hall at Ohio Wesleyan

PIX #4 - University Hall at Ohio Wesleyan

(AUTHOR'S NOTE: This is the fourth in a series of articles about the CHV&T Railroad (now Chessie System)...the towns along the line from Toledo to the Ohio River..some of the industry and the scenery, as it was before and after the turn ofthe century.)

My information reference, The Remembrancer, published by the CHT&T Railroad, described Delaware: "This beautiful and progressive city, properly termed the "Parlor City of the Buckeye State."

"Delaware is additionally attractive by the palatial character of its man- sions, and the cozy and comfortable cottages, to say nothing of the archi- tectural grandeur of its public edifices and commercial emporiums. The com- mercial houses of the city are quite a metropolitan character and the retail trades are well represented."


Back then, in addition to the CHV&T Railroad, there was also the Big Four, The B&O, and the Central & Columbus Short Line serving Delaware, as well as an electric street railway which covered nearly all sections of the city.

Delaware also had the celebrated Odevene Springs, the waters of which were noted for their medicinal qualities, attracting thousands of people annually.

Manufacturing in Delaware covered a variety of products: chairs, sewer pipe, buggy wood work, handles, flour, cigars and machinery

Greenwood Lake, on the edge of the city, was said to be one of the most charming excursion resorts in the state. The lake itself covered more than 30 acres and abounded with fish. A 50-acre grove surrounded the lake, and contained restaurant, dance hall, amusements, tennis courts, swings, bowling alleys, croquet courts, speaker's stand, drives and walks.

The lake itself was constructed in 1873, and progressively the other features were added.


Today, just as back then, Ohio Wesleyan University was an important institu- tion in Delaware. Many readers will recall the days spent at OWU, and its contribution to their education and careers.

"Ohio Wesleyan University...this great, grand institution was founded in 1843-44, the first term being held in the latter year," said The Remembran- cer.

"In 1873 it was unitd with the ladies' seminary, also in Delaware, since which time the University has been accessible by both sexes."

OWU was founded and supervised by five conferences and the alumni of the Methodist church. In 1893, attendance was 1,200, consisting of students from the U.S. and all parts of the world. Thirty-three regular tutors, besides others, made up the staff.


Established in 1870, that company manufactured cane-seat and upholstered chairs and rockers. Its location was near the river and close to the Big Four Railroad. Between 150 and 200 skilled workers were employed. Their products had world-wide reputation.


Established in 1867, the company manufactured cigars and were wholesale deal- ers in cigars and tobaccos; 135 skilled cigar-makers were employed to produce as many as 7,000,000 cigars annually. Their products were distributed na- tionwide and required five travelling salesmen.


They manufactured vitrified sewer pipe, drain tile, paving brick and other clay products. Established in 1891, the plant was located next to the Big Four tracks. A three-story 150 by 150-foot building and six kilns, plus other buildings, comprised their facilities. Thirty people were employed. The Dennison family were the principals of the company.


This was a business located in a three-story brick building, and doing both wholesale and retail business in hardware and specialities, including "baby" carriages, guns, fishing tackle, paints, oils, glass and farm implements.


Located on Union Street, in a two-story brick building, this company manu- factured gears, seats, bodies and other parts for all types of carriages.


A manufacturer of hoe, fork and rake handles. All handles were made of second-growth ash.


Delaware had two hotels back then. Hotel Donavin had 60 sleeping rooms and was owned by J.W. and L.K. Donavin.

The New Hotel Blee was opened in 1893. It was located one block from Odevene Springs, to accommodate those taking treatments there.


First National Bank received its charter under the National Banking Act of the U.S. in 1864. It was capitalized at $100,000.

The Delaware Savings Bank Co. was established in 1891. It rapidly built up individual deposits aggregating $125,000.


Leaving Delaware, the CHV&T passenger train passed through Hyatt, Powell, Elmwood and Olentangy before reaching Columbus.

In that area, referred to as the Hocking Valley, was located Powell's Run and Monarch mines, operated by the New Pittsburgh Coal Co.

The daily output of bituminous coal from those mines was 5,000 tons daily; 730 men were employed at the two mines.

Coal from those mines was said to be of superior quality and brought great demand for both domestic and manufacturing uses.

The company had extensive dock facilities at Toledo for lake shipments.

Continued next week.

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April 19, 1984


PIX #1 & #2 - A few of Upper Sandusky's factories at the turn of the century included: The Comins Manufacturing Co. at left and Gordon Casket Co., above.

PIX #3 - Above is the Ohio Thresher & Engine Company and at right is the in- terior of Upper Sandusky Gas Works, erected by The Western Light & Fuel Co.

(AUTHOR'S NOTE: This is the second in a series of articles about the C.H.V.& T. railroad (now Chessie System)...the towns along the line from Toledo to the Ohio River...some of the industries and the scenery, as it was back be- fore the turn of the century).

Last week's article ended when a typical passenger trip on that railroad had reached Upper Sandusky on its way southward.

Even then, Upper Sandusky was an old town. It was surveyed and platted in 1830 by William C. Brown. In 1848 it was incorporated. But even before that it was the site of an old Indian village...long before white settlers came to establish the village.

The village, often referred to as the Indian Village, received its name from the Wyandot Indian name "Sa--un-dus-tee", meaning "water within pools."


In 1816, John Stewart, a black man, came to the area as a missionary to the Indians, and established the First Methodist Mission in America in 1819. Residents built The Stone Mission church (still existing) which was used by the Wyandot Indians until 1843.

Upper Sandusky, the county seat of Wyandot County, is steeped in Indian lore, which is preserved along with the town's history, in a book published in 1976 by Ray D. Gottfried, and other public-spirited citizens of the town. It is an elegant presentation of information...both by word and photos. A copy is available for reference at Kaubisch Memorial Public Library.

Before the imaginary train trip continues, readers will want to know about a few of the manufacturing plants in Upper Sandusky at the time The Remem- brancer was published by the C.H.V.&T. line.


The inception of the business dated back to 1865, at which time it was known as Stevenson Engine Works. It gained national reputation by the time Comins Mfg. Co. acquired the factory in 1892, and continued to make the Stevenson as well as the Comins engine.

Its complete line, in addition to the steam engines, included boilers, fix- tures, steam pumps, saw mills, gas apparatus, water-works and engineers sup- plies, water-works machinery, pumps, stand pipes and hydrants. The Wyandot Chief direct Action Circular Saw-Mill was also one of their important pro- ducts.

The officers were: A.B. Comins, president; E.H. Gordon, vice president; War- ner Clark, secretary; and G.W. Beery, treasurer.


The offices, works and yards of John Shealy was located at the corner of Seventh and Crawford streets, covering a half acre. The mill was a two-story structure in which doors, sash, frames, blinds, lumber, lath, shingles, flooring and siding was produced. It carried all kinds of lumber, including oak, ash, and hickory.


The company was established in 1887 to manufacture traction and portable farm engines, vibrating threshers, straw stackers and the "Boss" feed mill. Fifty mechanics were employed in the factory. Its business extended throughout the United States. J.J. Stoll was president; J.R. Sayton, vice president, E.A. Gordon, treasurer, and S.H. White, secretary and manager.


Established in 1892, the company manufactured cloth caskets, robes, linings and undertaker's supplies. Its output was approximately 75 caskets per week, with 30 skilled workmen. Officers were: E.A. Gordon, president; D.D. Moody, vice president; W.S. Bush, manager; H.R. Henderson, secretary, and G.W. Beery, treasurer..


Incorporated in 1892, the company purchased from the Commercial Gas, Light & Fuel Co. of New York all rights on patents and improvements to the Van Syckle-Stillwell Gas System, in which crude Lima, or other oils are used en- tirely, both in heating generators and in making coal being needed. It was possible to make quality bas economically and quickly, while the candlepower could be regulated at will. The gas was said to be almost free of sulfur or other deleterious qualities. It built systems at Wapakoneta, Cadiz and Upper Sandusky; Warsaw, Ind.; Newton, N.J.; Stroudsburg, Pa.; Eau Claire, Wisc.; and Newburn, N.C. Officers of the company were J.H. Powell, president; S.W. Van Sickle, vice president; R.N. McConnell, vice president; Foster Beery, secretary; and E.A. Gordon, treasurer.


Upper Sandusky had two hotels and a bank back at the time The Remembrancer was published.

Hitchcock's Hotel Thurman was a three-story hotel with 35 sleeping rooms, with all conveniences, a bar room and sample room.

The other hotel was Pierson House, at the corner of Sandusky Street. It was three stories high with 50 sleeping rooms. It was originally built in 1840 and then remodeled in 1890. It too had "all conveniences."

Upper Sandusky's bank back then was Wyandot County Bank, E.A. Gordon, presi- dent. It was capitalized at $300,000.

(Continued next week).

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April 12, 1984


PIX #1 - Route of CHV&T through Ohio

PIX #2 - Carey's New Galt House, built in 1886.

PIX #3 - Interior view of the elegant parlor cars on the CHV&T in 1883.

PIX #4 - Snyder's Planing Mill, Carey, Ohio.

"Ohio's Greatest Railway" is what The Buckeye Remembrancer, published in 1893 by The Columbus, Hocking Valley & Toledo Railway called its line. Only the old-timers will recognize that name for the railroad...for younger readers, if predated the present Chessie System.

Fostoria has been recognized as a railroad town for 100 years or more and this column on various occasions has presented information on that subject.

Today's article is the result of Ray Dell showing me his copy of The Buckeye Remembrancer...part of his great collection of memorabilia. It was my first opportunity to see it.

Immediately there loomed in my mind that therein were the makings of another interesting railroad article..maybe two of them. I thought of the many post- card views taken many years ago along "Ohio's Greatest Railway" as the owners called it, and the excellent photographs in The Remembrancer.


One-hundred years ago the Columbus, Hocking Valley &Toledo (CHV&T) was not only a heavy carrier of freight, including coal from the mines in southern Ohio, but it also provided excellent passenger service. The one accompanying photo shows the interior view of the deluxe parlor cars, part of the passen- ger trains. An extra charge of 25 cents was added to the regular fee for riding in that coach.

Similar facilities were still offered by the Chessie System when passenger service was suspended in 1971. One of the fine passenger trains provided by Chessie in later years was The Sportsman, running from Toledo to Norfolk, Va. The service on the sleeping and dining cars was superb. During the daylight hours of the trip, beautiful scenery existed along the right-of-way.

The CHV&T, and later the Chessie System, helped to build the towns and cities through which it passed by offering both freight and passenger service, and many of those towns had "boom" years. Some of them were featured in The Re- membrancer by both photos and description, some of which is included in this article.


For the benefit of the oldsters who will recall the CHV&T and trips they may have made as passengers, and for the benefit of younger readers who never had the opportunity to know about passenger trains and the advantages of that mode of travel, here is a portion from The Remembrancer. It describes a nor- mal trip fromToledo southward, including a description of "Ohio's Greatest Railway."

"The CHV&T (Buckeye Route) is the longest line of railroad doing business in the state extending from the Ohio River on the south, to Lake Erie on the north, a distance of 250 miles. It is divided into three divisions...The Toledo Division, extending from Toledo to Columbus, a distance of 123 miles; The Hocking Division from Columbus south toLogan, Athens, and a branch from Nelsonville to Straitsville, covering 100 miles; and The River Division ex- tending from Logan to Gallipolis and Pomeroy, a distance of 87 miles, as well as other branches penetrating the vast coal fields of the Hocking Valley.


"Passengers who, from inclination or limited means, do not desire to travel in chair cars will find comfortable accommodations in elegant day coaches, and ample time is given to enjoy meals at proper hours in first-class dining rooms. There are many points of interest along the line, both scenic and historical.

"The train passes through country unsurpassed in agriculture in the United States. Fields of grain under cultivation, along with cattle grazing on pasture land can be seen as the train passes through rich farm land.

"The dense forests, beautiful valleys, numerous streams, which fairly team with game unknown to this locality, have made the Buckeye Route a favorite with tourists and sportsmen. The towns and villages along the route increase the variety of the scenery.


"Taking the train at the Hocking Valley depot in Toledo, it passes through Walbridge, LeMoyne, Pemberville, Bradner, Risingsun, Longley, and thrifty villages finally stopping in Fostoria, 35 miles from Toledo. Leaving Fostor- ia and passing through Alvada, we arrive at Carey, 15 miles further on, which is a beautiful and prosperous town. After passing Crawford and Lovell, we arrive at Upper Sandusky where the first dining station is located.

We pause at this point in quoting from The Remembrancer about the trip from Toledo southward, to present data about the important businesses and industry in the various towns through which the Buckeye Route ran. The listings for Fostoria are not included since they have been described and illustrated at various times in Potluck.


SNYDER'S MILL - One of Carey's important me in 1883 was W.H. Snyder and his planing mill. The business was started in 1876 by Manichon & Co., and ac- quired by Snyder in 1883. The plant covered five acres, adjacent to both the CHV&T and Big Four railroads. His planing mill was said to be equipped with the newest improved labor-saving machinery for the execution of every type of planing mill and general job work. Snyder manufactured pine and hardwood lumber, lath, doors, shingles, blinds and sash. The factory employed 20 men.

NEW GALT HOUSE - Carey's leading hostelry in 1886 was the new Galt House. It was erected and opened that year containing 50 large, airy and well-furnished sleeping rooms. The dining room had a seating capacity for 42 people. Heat- ed with steam and lighted with natural gas, the hotel had a fire escape, hot and cold water and other conveniences. The elegant bar room was stocked with a full line of choice liquors and cigars. The proprietor was Mr. Fetter.

(Continued next week.)

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