Home http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy Thu, 15 Feb 2018 04:42:35 +0000 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management en-gb FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY http://fostoria.org/index.php/2012-05-14-15-26-09/fostoria-lineage-research-society http://fostoria.org/index.php/2012-05-14-15-26-09/fostoria-lineage-research-society



c/o Kaubisch Memorial Public Library, 205 Perry Street, Fostoria, Ohio 44830

Meet: Third Monday of each Month, except through the summer

History of Fostoria Lineage Research Society Membership List
Surnames List Links to Genealogy Sites
Abbreviations General Information - Getting Started
Military Information General Information - After
Diseases of Past Times
Tombstone Territory - St. Wendelin markers
Tombstone Territory - Fountain markers
Stories, Jokes & Addicted Genealogist Corner


Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman


ppalmer@noguska.com (Super User) Genealogy Tue, 15 May 2012 13:36:14 +0000
History behind the Fostoria Lineage Research Society http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/88-history-behind-the-fostoria-lineage-research-society http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/88-history-behind-the-fostoria-lineage-research-society


History behind the Fostoria Lineage Research Society

By President Sally Riser

Fred & Mary Fish

From 1966 to 1968, Mary L. Fish, Regent of the Jane Washington Chapter, The National Society Daughters of the American Revolution here in Fostoria, Ohio.

During this time DAR encouraged workshops in genealogy and Mrs. Fish organized and led a 6 week classes. When the workshop came to an close, everyone had enjoyed it so much they wanted to continue. And the Fostoria Lineage Research Society was formed with dues set at $3.00 a year.

The first membership roll in 1969 included: Ralph E. Sackett, Jr., Chairman; George Emahiser, Vice Chairman; Ruth Ann Shaferly, Secretary & Treasurer; Mrs. Fred (Mary) Fish, Public Relation; Paul Cox, Mrs. George (Grace) Emahiser, Mr. & Mrs. Olin (Nellie) Fruth; Mrs. James (Joan) Gillig, Miss Frances Kettler, Mrs. B. W. (Erma) Reeve, Mrs. Glenn (Violet) True, Mrs. Jack (Marilyn) Ziegman; Mrs. Lawton (Mary) Gerlinger; Mrs. Gerald (Grace) Heinze, Mrs. Paul (Florence) Fox, Mrs. R. Barton (Mary Lou) Chilcote, Elwood Kimes; Mrs. Elwood (Bernice) Kimes, Lloyd Abbott, Effie P. Gibat, Mrs. D. L. (Vauda R) Hunker, Mrs. Norman (Doris) Bolen and Mrs. Laverne (Betty) Huth. By 1975, Eilen Niswander, Mr. & Mrs. Wilfred Kissling, Larry Henry, Judy Lamberjack, Mrs. Ronald Sparrowe, Mrs. Reba DeWalt, Melvin Murray, Rolland and Elaine Knisley, Leona Boyd, Ruth Sendelbach, Thaddeus Hurd, Mildred Link and Willis Wyant had been added to the membership roll.

Early on Kaubisch Memorial Public Library was selected as a meeting place and is still used today. Meetings are held at 6:30 PM the fourth Monday of January and February and the third Monday of every other month with the exception of June, July, August and December which no meetings are held. Meetings are held in the McClean Room at Kaubisch Memorial Public Library, 205 Perry Street, Fostoria, Ohio.

Membership in the Society is open to all who are interested in genealogy and family history. Visitors are always welcome to attend. Dues are now set at $10 per year for individual and $15 per year for couples

The Society helps members and others with their research and acquaints new members with sources and how to use them. Meetings offer an opportunity to meet and exchange information with other researches. Standard forms are also available.

Speakers on topics of genealogical and historical interest are often featured. Occasionally trips are taken to places of interest, such as: The Hayes Presidential Library in Fremont, Ohio OGS in Mansfield and in Columbus, Ohio.

The Fostoria Lineage Research Society maintains a close relationship with The Genealogy & History Department of Kaubisch Memorial Public Library. The Society has created and maintains a "Family File" in the department. They also have an ongoing interest in purchasing books, microfilm and CD ROM's for the Department from the dues collected.

The Society does not publish a newsletter. However, they do provide a schedule of meetings and membership list including surnames that each member is researching.

One of the founding members, Mrs. Grace Emahiser, published a book "From River Clyde to Tymochtee and Col. William Crawford" about her ancestor Colonel Crawford and the Crawford Family.

One of our members, Richard F. (Dick) Mann, has written a history of the 49th Ohio Volunteer Infantry of the Civil War. His family expects it to be published in late spring or early summer, 2010. His book is available for purchase.

Kaublish Public Library has copies of “The History of the Ohio National Guard in Fostoria, 1877 to 1954, also written by Mr. Mann, and several Civil War journals that he transcribed. Dick Mann passed away November 9, 2009

Mrs. Ben (Wanda) Pohlman has untaken a large project of photograph tombstones with their names, date and service records at Fountain Cemetery here in Fostoria, which will be in near future. The St. Wendelin Cemetery here in Fostoria is schedule next.


Articles From by Henry Casiano

Ever wonder where your family originally came from or wanted to know more about your family tree? Who knows, you could be a descendent of kings or even from the first settlers who stepped foot in the new world.

There are many reasons to want to know your genealogical background and there are groups out there willing to help you in your quest.

One such group is The Fostoria Lineage Research Society. The Society has been around since 1963 when it held its first meeting at the home of George and Grace Emahiser, the founders of the group. They have since moved their meeting to Kaubisch Memorial Library where they meet on the third Monday of the months in September, October, November, March, April, May and June. Because of holidays, they meet on the fourth Monday of January and February. Meetings are now held in the McClean Room from 6:30 p.m. to 8 p.m. and the dues are $10 per person and $15 for couples.

They have winter workshops that help people to learn how to do research on finding their ancestors. One good place to start your search is our local library which has its own genealogical section in the lower lever as well as two microfilm viewers, many local history books, a new computer genealogy program and various books donated by the Fostoria Lineage Research Society.

Several other ways to find your genealogical background is though the obituaries, family records and the county census. Some other places to do genealogical research in this area are the Mansfield and Findlay libraries, and one of the best libraries in this part of the United States is the Allen County Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana.

Searching for your genealogical background can be fun as well as rewarding. The endless hours of seeking information about your ancestors may lead you to such famous descendants as Barbara Bush or even Abe Lincoln, who were discovered as members of the Society.

The President of the Fostoria Lineage Society is Jean Saalman and add Patty Kreais, Secretary, Ralph Sackett, Jr, Treasurer, and Jim & Pat Beeson, Publicity, Wanda Pohlman and Hazel Coppler are also two members of the Society who are very informative and can help you with your genealogical research.

Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman

ppalmer@noguska.com (Super User) Genealogy Tue, 15 May 2012 13:40:14 +0000
Surnames Links http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/89-surnames-links http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/89-surnames-links


"Surnames Links": List of Members researching

(A) Abbott, Adams, Allen, Alspach, Andrew/Andrews, Ash, Auck

(B) Baldwin, Baird, Barchus, Barenger, Barringer, Bates, Beers, Beeson, Bell, Benedict, Benscoter, Bentz, Berkley, Bickford, Billingsley, Bish, Blessing, Bosler, Boucher, Boyd, Bowers, Brandeberry, Brickner/Bruckner, Bristo, Brookman, Brown (2), Browning, Bruns, Bubb, Bucher, Burk, Byers

(C) Caldwell, Campbell, Caples, Carpenter, Carrel, Cave, Chaney, Chesebrough, Chilcote, Clark, Clary, Close/Klose, Clouse, Cole, Columbur, Comer, Conley, Constable, Cook, Cook/Koch, Cooley, Cooper, Coppler, Coppus, Copsey, Coup, Crane, Craun, Creeger, Crosby, Crouch, Crow, Culbertson,

(D)David/Davidter, Davis, Dicken, Dickman, Dieker, Dier, Dillon, Dippelhofer, Disher, Dolch, Doke, Drake, Dreitzler, Droll, Drury, Dunlop, Dye

(E)Edmunds, Ebgert, Eger, Eissler, Elder, Ellicot, England, Enos, Esselbaugh

(F) Faler, Feasel, Fiendel, Flack/Fleck, Flechtner, Forney, Fosty, Fox, Fralex/Fralix, Fraver, Free, Freeze, Frederick, Frink, Fruth

(G) Gangwer, Gee, Ginning, Girdham, Good, Goodman, Graber, Green/Greene, Grove, Guilluam,

(H) Haggard, Haley, Hammer, Hampshire, Hannah, Hare, Harmon, Hartley, Hartsel, Hartsook, Hawkins, Hays, Heiserman, Hemming, Henry, Herbert, Hesket,/Heskett, Hessley, Hill, Hipsher, Hoepf, Holdin/Holding/Holden, Hollenbach/Hollenbaugh, Hollopeter, Holscher, Holtsberry, Hornbeck, Hubbard, Huffman, Hull, Hunker, Hunt, Hurd, Huss,

(I) Iler, Imber, Inman, Irelan, Irish

(J) Jacobs, Jackson, Jagger, Jensen, Johnson/Johnston, Jurris,

(K) Kagy, Keckler, Keel, Keiffer, Keller, Kemble, Kendal, Keysacker, Kies, King, Kinsey, Kirian, Kirkpatrick, Kirshner, Kiser/ Keyser, Kissling, Kline, Klotz, Kock/Kuck,

(L) Lantz, Lauck, Leasure, Lee, Leffler, Leist, Leonard, Lepley, Lewis, Lewan, Ley/Lye, Licinger, Lindley, Long, Lowmaster, Ludlow, Luman, Lusk, Lybarger, Lyon

(M) Mack, Marcer, Marks, Martz, Maloney, Mann, Marshman, Mathias, Matthews, May/Mai, Mazey, McBride, McConnell, McDougle, McDonald, McLaughlin, McMahan, Means, Meeks, Meisner, Mergenthaler, Metcalf, Mertz, Miller, Millhime, Moor, Moore, Morgan, Mowery/Mowrey, Mullen, Murphy, Myers

(N) Neiderhouser, Neidlinger, Neimann, NeumanNordlund, Null

(P) Palmer, Pancoast, Pankhurst, Parish, Parkins, Paxson, Peake, Pelton, Pennell, Peter (Jacob & Abraham), Peter, Peters, Phister/Phisterer, Plummer, Piotter, Pohlmann/Pohlman, Poppaw, Powell, Prudden, Puffenberger, Pump

(R) Rader, Rathbun, Raney, Raymont, Reber, Redman, Reis/Reisz, Richendoll/Richendollar, Riser, Ritter, Rosen, Rosenberger, Roush, Ruse

(S) Saum, Scattergood, Scherger, Schmidt/Smith, Schoendorff/Schindorff, Shontz, Schorger, Schultz, Seigchrist, Seitz, Seng, Shaffer, Shafferly, Shakespeare, Sheeter, Shontz, Siddens, Siebenoller, Singer, Slotterbeck, Smith (2), Smalley, Smith (Wm.), Smothers, Smouse, Snyder, Souder, Spendsen, Sprang, Sprout, Stahl, Stark, Steadman, Stearns, Steinmeyer, Steward/Stewart, Stratton, Strope, Strouse, Swope,

(T) Taylor, Thiel, Thom, Thomas, Thompson, Tiell, Tombaugh, Tucker, Travis

(U) Ulrich, Unger, Uptegraff/Updegraff

(V) Van Atta, Van Drier, Van Dyke, Veeder, Von Schmidtpauli, Vrooman,

(W) Waggoner, Warner, Weaks, Weed, Weiker, Welling, Wells, Weston, Wheat, White, Wietholter, Wilcox, Williams, Williamson, Wilson, Wilson/Welson, Winkenwerder, Wood, Woodruff, Woolman, Woolum, Workley, Wyant

(X & Y) Yonker, Youngker,

(Z) Zedacker/Zedeker/Zurcher, Zeigier/Sigler, Zimmerman

Researchers welcome.

Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman

ppalmer@noguska.com (Super User) Genealogy Tue, 15 May 2012 13:41:25 +0000
Abbreviations http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/90-abbreviations http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/90-abbreviations



a. . . .for about. abbrev. . .abbreviation or ted. acc. . .according to.

acco. . . account accu. . . accurate adj. . .adjoining adm. . .admission or admitted

admin. . administration or tor. aft. . .after alleg. . .allegance ano. . .another

approx. . .approximately ar. co .. .artillery company ascert. . .ascertain or ained

b. . .born or birth bapt. . .baptized or sm. bec. . .because or became bef. . .before

bot. . .bought or bottom br. . .brother bur. . .buried capt. . .captain, captured or ivity

catal. . .catalogue ch. . .for child, children, or church clk. . .clerk Co. . .County

Col. . .Colony or Colonel Coll. . .College or Collections comp. . .company

confer. . .conferred conject. . .conjecture cont. . .continued contr. . .contract

corp. . .corporal couns. . .counsellor cous. . .cousin coven. . .convenant

ct. . .court d. . .died, death or daughter Dart. . .Dartmouth College deac. . .deacon

decis. . .decision degr. . .degree devis. . .devised discip. . .discipline

div. . .division or divided docum. . .document easi. . .for easily educ. . .deducation or ted

Eng. . .England eno. . .enough ens. . .ensign ensu. . .ensuing est. . .estate

establ. . .establishment exc. . .except f . . .father fam. . .family

fidel. . .fidelity foll. . .following or ed. freem. . .freeman or en. giv. . .given or giving

gr. . .grand, great, grant or graduate G.f.. . .grandfather gr.mo. . .grandmother

gr.s. . grandson Hist. . .History hist. . .historian hon. . .honorable honor. . .honorary

honora. . .honorable ign. . .ignorant Ind. . .Indians inf. . .infant or informed

inhab. . .inhabitant inq. . .inquiry ins. . .insert inv. . .inventroy

judic. . .judicial or judicious k. . .killed or king kn. . .known Id. . .land

lieut. . .lieutenant liv. . .lived or ing. m. . .married or age maj. . .major mak. . .making

ment. . .mentioned milit. . .military min. . .minister nam. . .for named

N.E. . . New England not. . .noted o. . .oath O.E. . . Old England

offic. . .official oft. . .often ord. . .ordained orig. . .origin peo. . .people

petitn. . .petition preced. . .preceding pro. . .probate or proved prob. . .probable or ly

prop. . .property propound. . .propounded propr. . .proprietors or proprietor

provis. . .provision pub. . .public rat. . .rated rec. . .record rep. . report or representative

repud. . .repudiated respectiv. . .respectively s. . .son or sons scatt. . .for scattering or ed

sec. . .second serb. . .sergeant sett. . .settlers or settler serv. . .service or servant

sh. . .share or ship sis. . .sister spell. . .spelling or ed. surg. . .surgeon

sw. . .swear or swore syl. . .syllable tak. . .taken tho. . .though thot. . .thought

thro. . .through transcr. . .transcribed unit. . .uniting or ed unm. . .unmarried

var. . .various or variation w. . .wife wh. . .who or which wks. . .weeks wid. . .widow

yr. . .year


Initials after your ancestor's names may provide useful information that you would not expect. The following list includes initials you may come across when reading old wills or other documents.

a.a.s. Died in the year of his/her age (anno aetitis suae)

d.s.p. Died without issue (decessit sine prole legitima)

d.s.p.l. Died without legitimate issue (decessit sine prole mascula supersita)

d.s.p.m.s. Died without surviving male issue (decessit sine prole supersita)

d.s.p.s. Died without surviving issue (decessit sine prole supersita)

d.unm Died unmarried

d.v.p. Died in the lifetime of his father (decessit vita patris)

d.v.m. Died in the lifetime of his mother (decessit vita matris)

Et al And others (et alia)

Inst Present month (instans)

Liber Book or volume

Nepos Grandson

Nunc Nuncupative will, an oral will, written by a witness

Ob He/she died (obit)

Relict Widow or widower (relicta/relistus)

Sic So or thus, exact copy as written

Testes Witnesses

Ult Late (ultimo)

Ux or Vs Wife (uxor)

Viz Namely (videlicet)



2 Parents

4 Grandparents

8 Great Grandparents

16 GG Grandparents

32 GGG Grandparents

64 GGGG Grandparents

128 GGGGG Grandparents

256 GGGGGG Grandparents

512 GGGGGGG Grandparents

1,024 GGGGGGGG Grandparents

2,048 GGGGGGGGG Grandparents

4,096 GGGGGGGGGG Grandparents

8,192 GGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents

16,184 GGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents

32,768 GGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents

65,036 GGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents

131,072 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents

262,144 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents

524,288 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents

1,444,576 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents

2,097,152 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents

Is it any wonder that we spend so much time on genealogy?

From Pathways, Butler County, Chapter OGS Volume XVII, No. 4 - 1999


I Investigate index system peculiar to each book or record. Read the explanatory note, which precedes the listing. Study the overall appearance.

N Never give up! If the name isn't in the index and it should be, take the time to leaf through the book. No index is perfect.

D Decipher with in the alphabet - some indexes are only partially indexed.

E Explore all possible spelling variants and name changes.

X Cross check for every common surnames on pages where less common names appear.

E Examine for omissions. If the book is thick and the index short, only the most important names may be indexed.

S See if there is only one index. Often there are two (grantors and grantees, brides and grooms) one more (church roster and cemeteries).


_____ 1 2 3 4 5 6_________

1 Common Son or Grandson Gr Grandson 2nd Gr Grandson 3rd Gr Grandson

Ancestor Daughter or Daughter or Daughter or Daughter or Daughter


2 Son or Siblings Nephew Grand Nephew Gr. Grand 2nd Gr. Grand

Daughter Brother or or Niece or Niece Nephew or Nephew or

Sister Niece Niece


3. Grandson Nephew First First Cousin First Cousin First Cousin

or Daughter or Niece Cousin Once Removed Twice Removed Three Times Removed


4. Great Grand First Cousin Second Second Cousin Second Cousin

Grandson Nephew Once Cousin Once Twice

or Daughter Or Niece Removed Removed Removed


2nd Great Great Grand First Cousin Second Third Third Cousin

5. Grandson or Nephew or Twice Cousin Once Cousin Once

Granddaughter Niece Removed Removed Removed


3rd Great 2nd Great First Cousin Third Fourth Fourth Cousin

6. Grandson or Grand Nephew Three Times Cousin Once Cousin Once

Granddaughter Or Niece Removed Removed Removed



1790-1980: includes supplemental schedules open to the public; excludes questions asked on a sample basis only

1790: Name of family head; free white males of 16 years and up, free white males under 16; free white females; salves; other persons.

1800: Name of family head; if white, age and sex; race; slaves

1810: Name of family head; if white, age and sex; race; slaves

1820: Name of family head; age; sex; race; foreigners not naturalized; slaves; industry (agriculture, commerce, and manufactures)

1830: Name of family head; age; sex; race; slaves; deaf and dumb; blind; foreigners not naturalized

1840: Name of family head; age; sex; race; slaves; number of deaf and dumb; number of blind; number of insane and idiotic and whether in public or private charge; number of persons in each family employed in each of six classes of industry and one of occupation; literacy; pensioners for Revolutionary or military service.

1850: Name; age; sex; race; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic; value of real estate; occupation; birthplace; whether married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether a pauper or convict.

Supplemental schedules for slaves; public paupers and criminals; person who died during the year.

1860: Name; age; sex; race; value of real estate; value of personal estate; occupation; birthplace; whether married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether deaf and dumb; blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict; number of slave houses.

Supplemental schedules for slaves; public paupers and criminals; persons who died during the year.

1870: Name; age; race; occupation; value of real estate; value of personal estate; birthplace; whether parents were foreign born; month of birth if born within the year; month of marriage if married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic; male citizens 21 and over, and number of such persons denied the right to vote for other than rebellion.

Supplemental schedules for persons who died during the year; paupers; prisoners.

1880: Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; month of birth if born within the census year; occupation; months unemployed during the year; sickness or temporary disability; whether blind, deaf and dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise disabled; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents.

Supplemental schedules for the Indian population; for parents who died during the year; insane, idiots; deaf-mutes; blind; homeless children; prisoners; paupers and indigent person.

1890: General schedules - destroyed. Supplemental schedules for Union veterans of the Civil War and their widows.

1900: Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; number of years married; for women, number of children born and number now living; birthplace of person and parents; if foreign born, year of immigration and whether naturalized; occupation; months not employed; school attendance; literacy; ability to speak English; whether on a farm; home owned or rented and if owned, whether mortgaged.

1910: Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; number of years of present marriage; for women, number of children born and number now biving; birthplace and mother tongue of persons and parents; if foreign born, year of immigration, whether naturalized, and whether able to speak English, or if not, language spoken; occupation, industry, and class of worker; if an employee, whether out of work during year; literacy; school attendance; home owned or rented; if owned, whether mortgaged; whether farm or house; whether a survivor of Union or Confederate Army or Navy; whether blind or deaf and dumb.

1920: Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; if foreign born; year of immigration to the U.S, whether naturalized, and year of naturalization; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents; mother tongue of foreign born; ability to speak English; occupation, industry; and class of worker; home owned or rented; if owned, whether free or mortgaged.

1930: Address; name; relationship to family head; home owned or rented; value or monthly rental; radio set; whether on a farm; sex; race; age; marital status; age at first marriage; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents; if foreign born, language spoken in home before coming to U.S., year of immigration, whether naturalized, and ability to speak English; occupation, industry, and class of worker; whether at work previous day (or last regular working day); veteran status; for Indians, whether of full or mixed blood, and tribal affiliation.

1940: Address; home owned or rented; value or monthly rental; whether on a farm; name; relationship to household head; sex, race; age; marital status; school attendance; educational attainment; birthplace; citizenship of foreign born; location of residence 5 years ago and whether on a farm; employment status; if at work, whether in private or non-emergency government work, or in public emergency work (WPA, CCC, NYA, etc.); if in private or non-emergency government work, hours worked in week; if seeking work or on public emergency work, duration of unemployment; occupation, industry, and class of worker; weeks worked last year; income last year.

1950: Address; whether house is on farm; name; relationship to household head; race; sex; age; marital status; birthplace; if foreign born, whether naturalized; employment status; hours worked in week; occupation, industry, and class of worker.

1960 and 1970: Address; name; relationship to household head; sex; race; age; marital status.

1980: Address; name; household relationship; sex; race; age; marital status; Spanish/Hispanic origin or descent.


Patent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Grant of land by the State to an individual(s)

Patentee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . One who receives the patent

Warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Authorization for a survey

Grantor or Warrantor . . . . . . Person conveying or selling property

Survey. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Drawing of a tract of land

Deed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Document transferring land from one person to another

Quit Claim Deed . . . . . . . . . .Transfer of rights to property

Quiet Claim Estate . . . . . . . . Action to clear title to real estate

Articles of Agreement. . . . . . Contract between parties

(Information from Ancestors Winter 1998 & MCC-OGS Volume 20-6 page 215)


Three terms - "immigrate" "emigrate" and "migrate" are similar and easily confused. They all come the same Latin root word "migro" meaning "to move".

IMMIGRATE: to come TO a country or region, especially from a native land, for the purpose of settlement.

EMIGRATE: to go FROM a country or section of a country to settle in another.

Emigrant trails led from the East to the unsettled regions of the West.

MIGRATE: to change one's dwelling place, usually with the idea of repeated change, or periodical return; it applies to wandering tribes of men, and to many birds and animals. It also applies to large communal groups who left one area to go to another, such as church groups who went en masse to found a new settlement.

"EMIGRATE" and "IMMIGRATE" carry the idea of permanent change of residence to some other country or some distant region; the two words are used distinctly of human beings, and apply to the same person and the same act, according to the side from which the action is viewed.

A person "EMIGRATES" from the land he leaves and "MIGRATES" to the land where he takes up his abode.

Your ancestor EMIGRATES from Europe and IMMIGRATED to the USA. The processes of emigration and immigration created records that are valuable to the genealogist. In general, the number of records and the information in them usually increases as the emigration/immigration period becomes more recent.

Between 1876 and 1889, Ernest G. RAVENSTEIN, a native of GER, formulated and published the following "laws" regarding immigration, although he referred to them as "migration."

These theories still ring true and include many ideas, which will aid genealogists today.

    • The majority of migrants go only a short distance.
    • Migration proceeds step by step.
    • Each current migration produces a counter current.
    • Females are more migratory within the country of their birth.
    • Most migrants are adults
    • Migrants going long distances generally prefer large centers of commerce and industry.
    • People of towns are less migratory than those of rural areas.
    • Migration increases as industries and commerce develop and transportation improves.
    • Large towns grow more by migration than by birth rates.
    • The major direction of migration is from agricultural to industrial or commercial centers.
    • The major cause of migration is economic.


(From: Fore Bear Pa's newsletter of the Shelby County, IN, Genealogical Society, Volume XI, No. I, February 2000 & MCC_OGS Volume 20-4 page 192)
Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman
ppalmer@noguska.com (Super User) Genealogy Tue, 15 May 2012 13:43:42 +0000
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USE IN MILITARY SERVICES http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/91-list-of-abbreviations-use-in-military-services http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/91-list-of-abbreviations-use-in-military-services



--- UNKNOWN CS Civil Service

1Lt 1st Lieutenant CT Connecticut

2Lt 2nd.Lieutenant CtyLt County Lieutenant

a Before (ante) Cu Cuba

Ade C ide-de-Camp d Died

Adj Adjutant DC District of Columbia

Adm Admiral DE Delaware

AdvGen Advocate General Dep Deputy

AF Africa DN Denmark

AL Alabama Dr Physician or Surgeon

AN Austria-Netherlands Drm Drummer

AR Arkansas DrmMaj Drum Major

Arfr Artificer EN England

Armr Armorer Eng Engineer

Artl Artillery Ens Ensign

Asst Assitant Eu Europe

b born FA French America

Bbd Bombardier Fif Fifer

Bgd Brigadier FifMaj Fife major

BgdMaj Brigade Major FL Florida

Bgen Brigadier General FR France

BM Bermuda FrA French Army

Bosn Boatswain FrN French Navy

bpt baptized GA Georiga

BR Brazil GC Greece

Btm Boatman Gen General

c circa Gnr Gunner

Cadet Cadet GR Germany

Capt Captain Grd Guard

CaptLt Captain Lieutenant Grl Guerilla

Cav Cavalry HL Holland

CD Canada HPNS Heirs Pensioned

Cdr Commander HU Hungary

CE Central America IA Iowa

CG Coast Guard ID Idaho

Chp Chaplain IL Kaskaskia Campaing

Cl Continental Line (In now Illinois)

Clerk Clerk IN Indiana (at Vincennes)

Cmdt Commandant IR Ireland

Cmman Court Martial man IT Italy

CmOf Court Martial Officer KY Kentucky

Cmsry Commissary LA Louisiana (Galvez Expedition)

CN Continental Navy

Cnt Cornet Lcol Lieutenant Colonel

Col Colonel Lgen Lieutenant General

Commo Commodore Lnm Landsman

Cpl Corporal Lt Lieutenant

CPNS Soldier's Children LtCmdt Lieutenant Commandant

m married QMGen Quartermaster General

MA Massachusetts QMSgt Quartermaster Sergeant

Maj Major Mar Marines

Matr Matross Ri Rhode Island

MD Maryland Ro Recruiting Officer

ME Maine Ru Russia

Mgen Major General SA Spanish America

MO Missouri Sgt Sergeant

MI Michigan SC South Carolina

Mid Midshipman Sct Scout

Mil Militia SDI Signer of Declaration of

MM Minute Man Independence

MN Minnesota SeaCap Sea Captain

Mrnr Mariner Slr Sailor

MS Mississippi SI Sandwich Islands

Mstr Master of a ship SM South America

Mte Mate on a ship Smn Seaman

Mus Musician SN Sweden

MX Mexico Sol Soldier

N Navy

NC North Carolina SP Spain

NH New Hampshire Spy Spy

NJ New Jersey SrgnMte Surgeon's Mate

Noncom Non Commissioned ST Scotland

Officer StaffOf Staff Officer

NS Naval Service Stl Sentinel

NY New York SurGen The Surgeon General

Of Officer (rank unknown) SW Switzerland

OH Ohio Tms Teamster

OK Oklahoma TN Tennessee

Ordl Orderly Trm Trumpeteer

OrdlSgt Orderly Sergeant TX Texas

P after (post) VA Virginia

PA Pennsylvania VI Virgin Islands

Pilot River Pilot Vol Volunteer

PL Poland VT Vermont

PM Paymaster WE West Indies

PNSR Soldier Pensioned Wgm Wagon Master

PR Puerto Rico Wgn Wagoneer

PS Patriotic Service WL Wales

Pvt Private WPNS Widow Pensioned

Pvtr Privateer Wtr Waiter

QM Quartermaster X unknown

CS: means Civil Service, that is: the holding of a Civil Office such as: Constable; Jailor; Justice of Peace; Moderator; Ordinary; Selectman; Sheriff; Surveyor of Highways; Tax Collector; Town Clerk; Town Treasurer; etc.

PS: means Patriotic Service, such as: An Associator; Collector of Provisions; Defender of Fort or Frontier; Delegate to a Continental Congress or to a Provincial Congress; Express Rider; Fence Viewer; Furnishing a substitute; Gunsmith who gave his services; Inspector of provisions; Legislator; Member of the Boston Tea Party, or the Cherokee Expedition, or the Galvez Expedition, or the Kaskaskia Campaign; Member of a Committee made necessary by the War; Minister who made patriotic sermons; Munitions maker; Nurse; Taking an Oath of Allegiance; Patroller; Prisoner of War or of the Indians; Ranger; Refugee; Rendering aid to the wounded; Rendering material aid; Signer of a petition or a non=importation agreement; Surgeon; Wheelwright.

Military Ranks of the Revolutionary Period

(Listed in descending order)


General Captain Admiral

Lieutenant General Captain Lieutenant Vice-Admiral

Major General 1st Lieutenant Rear-Admiral

Brigadier General 2nd Lieutenant Commodore

Colonel Ensign Captain

County Lieutenant Cornet Lieutenant

Lieutenant Colonel Sergeant Midshipman

Major Corporal Seaman


Ever wonder how Civil War battles were named? Seems the Union Army named battles after bodies of water in that area, and the Confederate Army named them after road junctions, landmarks and towns.

Bays, creeks, lakes and the like were nothing new to the mostly rural dwelling Southerners, but urban landmarks were novel to them. The opposite was true to the Northerners, pointing up once again a major difference between the urban North and the rural South.

For example, the Battle of Shiloh Meeting House and the Battle of Pittsburgh Landing are "one and the same battle". So are the Battle of Sharpsburg (town) and Antietam (Creek) and Battles of Manassas (Town) and Bull Run (Creek).

From Wyandot Tracers OGC and several other newsletters.



1626 - 1656 Bacon's Rebellion 1676

1639 - 1743 Inter-colonial Wars 1689 - 1763

1704 - 1743 French & Indian Wars 1754 - 1763

1713 - 143 Pontiac's Rebellion 1763 - 1765

1720 - 1763 American revolution 1775 - 1783

1740 - 1786 Indian Wars 1790 - 1811

1762 - 1794 War of 1812 1812 - 1815

1762 - 1812 Blackhawk War 1832

1790 - 1820 Seminole Indian War 1840 - 1841

1796 - 1828 Mexican War 1846 - 1848

1806 - 1849 Civil War 1861 - 1865

1848 - 1880 Spanish-American War 1898

1848 - 1880 Philippine Insurrection 1899 - 1902

1867 - 1900 World War I 1917 - 1918

1900 - 1927 World War II 1941 - 1945

1900 - 1930 Korean War 1950 - 1953

1940 - 1955 Vietnam Conflict 1965 - 1973


From MCC - OGS Volume 20 -6 Page 216

Do you have an ancestor who was of military age at any time during the Civil War? Check all men who were born between 1794-1853. "Military age" meant old enough to fight, serve in supply lines, etc. (age 12 by 1865)

To find the military records of your ancestor, you will need to know the following:

* the state from which he served,

* the regiment, and

* the company

Some important items to consider:

* Some joined in neighboring states be in the same unit as their relatives.

* The length of service varied from 3 months to 3 years.

* Many re-enlisted serving in more than one regiment.

* Mustering in points were at select locations and not in the home town.

* Did your soldier fight on the Union side or the Confederate side (AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX, VA)? Some changed sides and fought on both!

How do you find this information? First check local sources for your soldier.

* Bible records, gravestone inscriptions, cemetery records, courthouse records, Genealogical & Historical Societies, and Obituaries.

* Special plaques of patriotic organizations were often placed near the graves of veterans. (Many Union veterans were members of the Grand Army of the republic, while in the Southern states a similar organization was the United States Confederate Veterans).

* County histories often carry details of military units raised in their area along with rosters of men who served from the locality. The 1860 Census can help you determine the state from which he served.

* The 1890 Census of Union Army & Navy veterans and widow list name, rank, company, regiment or vessel, dates of enlistment & discharge, length of service, residence, disability, and remarks. (National Archives M123 or FHLC film #59376).

* The 1910 Census asked if the individual was a survivor of the Union Army or the Union Navy. Some states had special censuses listing veterans and most have state rosters of veterans.

Second, check indexes. Check the state index to find a soldier's service record. They are available for every Northern state and every Southern state except South Carolina. In addition, some states have filmed the complied service records. Search the locality section of the FHLC to find the FHL film numbers:

[State] - Military Records - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Indexes (for the index)

[State] - Military Records - Civil War, 1861-1865 - (for the service record)

To find a soldier's pension record, you will need the General Index to Pension Files, 1861 -1934. (National Archives Film T288 or FHLC computer number 145945). Search the locality section of the FHLC to find the specific numbers you need under:

United States - Military Records - Pensions - Indexes

Union soldiers received a government pension and Confederate soldiers received a state pension.



08-28-1775: INVALID PENSIONS for Officers & Soldiers, ½ pay during period of Disability

Cont. Line 1813

05-24-1780: Widows and Orphans of Officers of Continental Army, ½ pay for 7 yrs. -

Rescinded 7-29-1789

01-21-1780: SERVICE PENSION FOR LIFE for Officers of Continental Army only -

Rescinded 8-4-1790


Continental Line Service


Continental Line Service



Militia and State Troops

03-18-1818: SERVICE PENSION FOR "Cont. Establish "T" - Act of 1820

Removed Many



WIDOWS AND ORPHANS entitled to Balance of Money due a Pensioner

07-04-1836: WIDOWS PENSION for Widow of Revolutionary Soldier, on Pension rolls of 1828, who were married during last term of his service, or before



03-03-1837:REVOLUTIONARY WIDOW entitled to Pension, even tho she remarried, if now widowed

02-03-1853:REVOLUTIONARY WIDOW entitled to Pension, regardless of date of Marriage





There are a plethora of Civil War resources available in Montgomery County, including:

1. The Dayton/Montgomery County Library, Ohio

2. The Green County Library, Ohio

3. Wright State University, Ohio

4. The Cincinnati/Hamilton County Library, Ohio

5. Fort Wayne, Allen County Library, Indiana

6. Several Branch Libraries of the Family History Libraries: Fairborn, Findlay, Perrysburg, Shiloh Springs Road near Hara Arena and etc.

A tremendous and very inexpensive resource is the Source Guide available from the LDS Church on their web site www.familysearch.org . This guide is a CD that has all state research guides available and how to get them. It is well worth the $5.

(Information found in MCC-OGS Newsletter on page 216 Volume 20-6)


Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman


ppalmer@noguska.com (Super User) Genealogy Tue, 15 May 2012 13:44:31 +0000
OCCUPATIONS http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/92-occupations http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/92-occupations




(information from:

Acccomptant - Accountant

Almoner - Giver of charity to the needy

Amanuensis - Secretary or stenographer

Artificer - A soldier mechanic who does repair

Bailie - Bailiff

Baxter - Baker

Bluestocking - Female writer

Boniface - Keeper of an inn

Brazier - One who works with brass

Brewster - Beer manufacturer

Brightsmith - Metal worker

Burgonmster - Mayor

Caulker - One who filled up cracks in ships and windows or seems to make them watertight by using tar or oakum-hem fiber produced by taking old ropes apart.

Chaisemaker - Carriage maker

Chandler - Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries, ship supplier

Chiffonnier - Wig Maker

Clark - Clerk

Clerk - Clergyman, cleric

Clicker - The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.

Cohen - Priest

Collier - Coal Miner

Colporteur - Peddler of books

Cooper - One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves and hoops, such as caks, barrels, tubs, etc.

Cordwainer - Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain

Costermonger - Peddler of fruits and vegetables

Crocker - Potter

Crowner - Coroner

Currier - One who dresses the coat of a horse with a curry comb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease

Docker - Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo

Dowser - One who finds water using a rod or witching stick

Draper - a dealer in dry goods

Drayman - One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads

Dresser - A surgeon's assistant in a hospital

Drover - One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle

Duffer - Peddler

Factor - Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate.

Farrier - A blacksmith, one who shoes horses

Faulkner - Falconer

Fell Monger - One who removed hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making

Fletcher - One who made bows and arrows

Fuller - One who fulls cloth; one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth

Gaoler - A keeper of the goal, a jailer

Glazier - Window Glassman

Hacker - Maker of hoes

Hatcher - One who combed out or carded flax

Haymonger - Dealer in Hay

Hayward - Keeper of fences

Higgler - Itinerant peddler

Hillier - Roof tiler

Hing - A farm Laborer

Holster - a groom who took care of horses, often at an inn

Hooker - Reaper

Hooper - One who made hoops for casks and barrels

Huckster - Sells small wares

Husbandman - A farmer who cultivated the land

Jagger - Fish peddler

Journeyman - One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day

Joyner/Joiner - A skilled carpenter

Keeler - Bargeman

Kempster - Wool Comber

Lardner - Keeper of the cupboard

Lavender - Washer woman

Lederer - Leather Maker

Leech - Physician

Longshoreman - Stevedore

Lormer - Maker of horse gear

Malender - Farmer

Malster - Brewer

Manciple - A steward

Mason - Bricklayer

Mintmaster - One who issued local currency

Monger - Teamster

Neatherder - Herds cows

Ordinary keeper- Innkeeper with fixed prices

Pattern Maker - A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end

Peregrinator - Itinerant wanderer

Peruker - A wig Maker

Pettifogger - A shyster lawyer

Pigman - Crockery dealer

Plumber - One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain and stained glass windows

Porter - Door Keeper

Puddler - Wrought iron worker

Quarrier - Quarry worker

Rigger - Hoist tackle worker

Ripper - Seller of fish

Roper - Maker of rope or nets

Saddler - One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses

Sawbones - Physician

Sawyer - One who saws, carpenter

Schumacker - Shoemaker

Scribler - A minor or worthless author

Scrivener - Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public

Scrutiner - Election Judge

Shrieve - Sheriff

Slater - Roofer

Slopseller - Seller of ready made clothes in a slop shop

Snobscat/Snob - One who repaired shoes

Sorter - Tailor

Spinster - A woman who spins or an unmarried woman

Spurrer - Maker of Spurs

Squire - Country gentle; farm owner; justice of the peace

Stuff Gown / Stuff Gownsman - Junior Barrister

Supercargo - Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship

Tanner - One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather

Tapley - One who puts the tap in an ale cask.

Tasker - Reaper

Teamster - One who drives a team for hauling

Thatcher - Roofer

Tide Waiter - customs inspector

Tinker - An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman

Tipstaff - Policeman

Travers - Toll bridge collection

Tucker - Cleaner of cloth goods

Turner - A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles

Victualer - A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food

Vulcan - Blacksmith

Wagoner - Teamster not for hire

Wainwright - Wagon Maker

Waiter - Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in

Waterman - Boatman who plies for hire

Wharfinger - Owner of a wharf

Wheelwright - One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.

Whitsmith - Tinsmith; worked or iron who finished or polishes the work

Whitewing - Street Sweeper

Whitster - Bleach of cloth

Wright - Workman, especially a construction worker

Yeoman - Farmer who owns his own land


Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman


ppalmer@noguska.com (Super User) Genealogy Tue, 15 May 2012 13:45:54 +0000
-20011 Fostoria Lineage Research Society Membership http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/93-20011-fostoria-lineage-research-society-membership http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/93-20011-fostoria-lineage-research-society-membership



2010 -20011 Fostoria Lineage Research Society Membership

Lloyd Abbott,
Jim & Pat Beeson,
Helen Buehning,
Ray & Marilyn Burk,
Paul Chaney,
Cora Church,
Hazel Coppler,
Mary Alice Crow,
Laraine Elter,
Edward Frederick,
Corrine Hade,
Bob & Jan Hammer,

Jan Herbert,
LaVonne Hipsher,

June Obarr-Hunker

June Hunker,
Sylvia Leonard,
Nancy Michelsen
Betty Morgan,
Janice Myers,
Margie Pelton,
Gloria Plummer,
Wanda Pohlman,
Marilyn Reddin,
Sally Riser,
Ralph Sackett Jr.,
Ruth Ann Spross,
Violet True,
Betty Wilson,
Jan Wolfarth,
Click thumbnail for full size picture
FostoriaLineage.JPG FostoriaLineage10.JPG FostoriaLineage11.JPG FostoriaLineage2.JPG
FostoriaLineage3.JPG FostoriaLineage4.JPG FostoriaLineage5.JPG FostoriaLineage8.JPG

Researchers welcome

Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman

ppalmer@noguska.com (Super User) Genealogy Tue, 15 May 2012 13:49:37 +0000
Geneological page links http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/94-geneological-page-links http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/94-geneological-page-links
Local Links:
A. Fostoria Community & History Site http://www.Fostoria.org
B. Hancock County Chapter O.G.S. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/
C. Kaubisch Memorial Public Library http://www.fostoria.lib.oh.us/
D. Center for Archival Collections BGSU http://www.bgsu.edu/colleges/library/cac/
Favorite Links:
1. Allen County Public Library Catalog
"look up call numbers before you go to Fort Wayne"
2. Ancestors . Searchable databases 6-3 million names http://www.ancestry.com
3. Census Online http://www.usgenweb.org
4. Cyndi's List of genealogical sites. http://www.cyndislist.com/
5. Family Search. https://familysearch.org/
6. Family Tree Maker, searchable databases. https://familysearch.org/
7. Genealogy Gateway, search for web sites by surnames http://www.polaris.net/~legend/mainstie.htm
8. Library of the Western Reserve Historical Society http://www.wrhs.org/
9. Mayflower Web Pages,
10. Message Boards for Different Names. http://genforum.genealogy.com/
11. Ohio Historical Society http://ohsweb.ohiohistory.org/index.shtml
12. RootsWeb for Census Lookup requests /
search engines 400,012 -names.
13. USGenWeb Project http://usgenweb.org/
14. Genealogy helplist.
All volunteers willing to do lookups "free of Charge".
15. Soundex Conversion Program
"just type in the surname and it gives you the soundex code
16. Patent Land Records.
Search for patent by your ancestor's name
17. Genie Angels - Lookup volunteers
18. Genealogical Help Network - lookup volunteers. http://www.angelfire.com/ks/windshipgenhelp/ref.html
19. Perpetual Calendar http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/
20. Genealogy Exchange and surname registry http://www.genexchange.com/us.cfm
21. GenConnect Surname Boards http://cgi.rootsweb.com/~genbbs/index/FamAssoc.htm
22. Searchable Genealogy Sites
23. Searchable Bible Records at Library of Virginia
24. Genealogy Resources on the Internet http://members.aol.com/gfsjohnf/gen_mail_states-gen.html
25. Family, Local, American, and World History Resource Collection http://www.localpages.com/content/family-local-american-and-world-history-resource-collection.html
International Links:
A. Genealogy Links http://www.library.ohio.gov/marketing/Newsletters/TheNews/2010/June/NORWELD
B. Canada Genealogy http://king.igs.net/~hdmlhm/genealogy.html
C. Federation of East European Family History Societies
D. World Genealogy Web Project (World Gen Web) http://www.worldgenweb.org
E. The General Register Office for Scotland, The UK & Ireland
H. Language translation "French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish http://www.microsofttranslator.com/
And http://www.freetranslation.com
Reference Links:
A. Olive Tress - for early records http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com//~ote/index.html
B. Lineages http://www.lineages.com/default.asp
C. Library of Congress  
D. Helm's Genealogy Toolbox  
E. Links to Library Resources on the Internet  
F. ROOTS-L Resources: United States Resources .  
G. Social Security Death Index Online http://www.ancestry.com/ssdi/advanced.htm
H. Gives distance between cities as the crow flies http://www.indi.com
I. Find Postal Addresses and phone numbers
as well as e-mail addresses
J. Immigration Ship transcribers guild http://www.cimorelli.com/
K. Genealogy Online " a bit of everything". http://genealogy.org
L. Geographical names Information System
US and Territories
M. Old Disease Names and
their modern definitions
(Have Listed on Following Pages)
State Links:
A. Localities in Ohio. Current place names. Shows county - map server. Current Ohio coded, 1851 listing of post offices that have names differing from the name of a town locality. Defunct and changed place names in Ohio http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com//ohgenweb/place.htm
B. Ohio Cemeteries Online http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com//~cemetery/ohio.html
C. Ohio Clickable Map for the US Genweb Program http://www.infinet.com/~dzimmerm/Gwen/maps.htm
D. Ohio River Families http://www.orvf.com
E. State Library of Ohio http://ohio.gov/
F. State Archives of Michigan http://www.michigan.gov/
G. Indiana State Library, Archives Division http://www.in.gov/library/
H. Indiana Historical Society. http://www.spcc.com
I. Illinois State Archives http://www.sos.state.il.us/depts/archives/services.html
J. Illinois State Historical Society http://www2.illinois.gov/Pages/default.aspx
K. State Historical Society of Wisconsin http://www.wisc.edu/
L. Minnesota Historical Society http://www.mnhs.org/index.html
M. Michigan Death Index Years 1867-1875 online http://www.mdch.state.mi.us/PHA/OSR/gendis/search.htm
Revolutionary War Links:
A. Women Soldiers in the American Revolutionary War
B. American Revolutionary War Soldiers & Their Descendants  
D. Historic Valley Forge  
E. National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution http://dar.org
F. National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution http://www.SAR.org
Civil Wars Links:
A. A barrel of Genealogy Links (over 121 links) http://cpcug.org/
B. Civil War Rosters http://search.yahoo.com
C. U. S. Civil War & Civil War http://www.cwc.lsu.edu
D. Civil War Database http://www.civilwardata.com/
E. Catalog of Civil War Photos http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usamhi/PhotoDB,htm

Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman


ppalmer@noguska.com (Super User) Genealogy Tue, 15 May 2012 13:51:19 +0000
Getting Started http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/95-getting-started http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/95-getting-started



1. Start with your parents, brothers, sisters, Aunts, Uncles, Grandparents, cousins

A. Write down what you already know about your family members on a "Pedigree Chart"

B. Copy birth certificates, marriage license, Bible registers, death certificate

C. Write down stories about your families members (believe it or not this will help in the future when you hit a road block: occupation, churches attended, resides, schools & etc.

D. Also fill out a Family Groups Records for yourself if you are a parent.

E. If you or a parent was married before, record that marriage too with brothers and sisters included.

F. Take a camera, type recorder with you when visiting a older family members.

G. When visiting a cemetery, take a cell phone, flash light, rope, another person, camera, chalk, carbon paper, brushes, bucket, paper and time to search for cover grave sites.

H. Remember Be Kind and Be Patient, Ask Questions and Always replied "Thank You"

I. When mailing out requests, include a self-addressed, stamped envelope with your return address on it.

J. Live the Oldest living relative first (time is short and also memories)

2.Decide what you want to learn about your ancestor

A. When they were born (sometimes baptism date is given for birth date)

B. Where they were born ( counties and State Lines in some States were changed)

C. Married: (Court Houses, Church records, Family Bibles)

D. Where they resided (Court House records, deeds)

E. When they died and date of burial (funeral homes, old newspapers, Obit. Files at Library)

F. Where they were buried ( they may have died in one county but buried in another and also in different states)

G. Start with one ancestor from the pedigree chart and this may led to another

3. Check all records in doing your research

A. There are two main types of genealogical records.

(1) COMPILED RECORDS: These are records that have already been researched by others, such as biographies, family histories, or genealogies that may be on microfilm, microfiche, in books or at Family Search computer stations.

(2) ORIGINAL RECORDS: Are records that were created at or near the time of an event, such as birth, marriage, death, or census records.

4. Obtain and search for records

A. Many local libraries have excellent genealogical materials. Many have local Genealogical Research help, such as the Fostoria Lineage Research Society. Family History Centers also as Hayes Memorial Library, Fremont, Ohio; Kaubisch Library, Fostoria, Ohio; Bowling Green State University Library; and so on.

B. When search the records, check not only the date you believe is correct, but look at a broad frame of time period, check for various of spelling, and write down your results even if you come up empty-handed. Write down where you found your information at and date it.

5. Use the information you found

A. Evaluate the information you have found. Did you find the information you were looking for? Is it complete? Does it match up to what you have or is there some conflict?

6. ORGANIZE is the Key word

A. Organization of your pedigree Charts and information about that ancestors, this will save you time later. Files, note cards, pictures, deeds, marriage records, births & death certificates and all material relating to that ancestors in one notebooks.

B. You may have all your information on your computer but back it up and keep at written copy on files.


If you are writing a family history, you can protect it by writing COPYRIGHT followed by the year in which you began writing, and your name. This is called "common law copyrighting" and will protect your work until it is printed. When the material is printed, the copyright notation needs to appear on the title page only. Further protection should be obtained by filing official copyright papers with the Copyright Office, Library of Congress, Washington D.C. 20559. If you completed work is not yet officially copyrighted, mail a copy of your work by certified mail TO YOURSELF! File the letter UNOPENED! If a legal problem arises, you have a sealed, dated copy of your material for the officers of the court to open.

**** Seen in the Indiana County, PA Historical Society Newsletter February 1999, "Clark House News"

****The above article was taken from the Florida Chapter Ohio Genealogical Society, Inc. Newsletter Sept-Oct 1999. As excepted from the Van Wert Connection, Volume XX Issue 4.


There has been a series of back-and-forth on a genealogy bulletin board concerning ownership and copyrights of material developed by family researchers. One person assumed that, because, he researched and organized the family history and pedigree chart, he actually owned the material. When a relative, who had obtained copies, passed this on to a database, the researcher threatened a lawsuit. Solution: one cannot copyright facts. (For example, no one owns the material on a periodic chart.) One can, however, claim right over the manner in which the facts are presented, that is, the format. Thus an organized and written narrative of a family's past may be "owned" although the names, dates, and places, separated from the document, may be used by all without permission.

In another case, the family historian refused to share his work with other member of his clan. Sometime later a cousin found that he had published the material in a book form and had sent copies to various libraries, and never told anyone. Solution: a sense of amusement about human nature and many relatives.

Still others have been outrages because the pedigree charts and other materials they freely and willingly sent to a large national company were made available as commercial product for a price many such contributors felt betrayed. Solution: when readily giving something of value away, understand that you are indeed surrendering any further control over it.

The discovery of the past is probably a deeply personal adventure for many genealogists and a rewarding one, too still, each of us should determine, early on, whether or not he / she will ever share the materials with others. Not to do so would appear to many as selfish and even pointless. To do so is probably one of those good deeds performed with no expectation or reward, except, perhaps that someone else will have insights into his or her origins. That should be reward enough for most.

(Information form Cuyahoga Valley Chapter OGS, by Jack Braveman via The Huron County Chapter OGS and also MCC_OGS Volume 20-4 page 189

Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman


ppalmer@noguska.com (Super User) Genealogy Tue, 15 May 2012 13:52:07 +0000
General Information - After http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/96-general-information-after http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/96-general-information-after



Calculates birth date from death date and age of death in year-month-day format. You might want to try the Java Script. All dates, Gregorian or Julian, use New Year on January 1st.

This new version uses two different computation methods: (28 day calculation has some problems and it wasn't very useful, so it has been removed.

1. 30 day fixed length (the "8870" system is a variant of this)

2. Calendar length months

Baptism date may be found at the local churches your ancestors attended or your local libraries.


* 68 days from Rotterdam to Baltimore in 1824.

* 58 days from Bremen to Baltimore in 1832.

* 44 days from Bremen to Baltimore in 1834.

* 66 days from Bremen to New Orleans in 1843.

* 47 days from LeHarve, France to New Orleans in 1854.

From 1867 - 1890, most sailing ships used steam auxiliary engines on days when there was little or no wind. However, many sailing ships remained in service and their fares were often lower than the faster steam ships. In 1893, a steamship made its trip from Ireland to New York in only 10 days. (From various newsletters, last seen in The Muskingum, March 2000)


Genealogists can be confused with the double-dating period between the 1st of January and the 25th of March of the years prior to 1752. The legal, civil, or Ecclesiastical Year. Prior to 1752, began on March 25th each year. The new style calendar began January 1, 1752.

From the time of the Norman conquest in 1066, the Historical Year began on January 1st making an overlap of two different years. It was customary to show both years in a hyphenated manner, such as: February 10, 1824/5. This was not always true, only just "customary". One may find old chronological tables which show only the older numbered year through March 24th. Entries made the following day are written in the next subsequent year, such as: March 25th, 1725. This is the day immediately following March 24, 1724.

It is not unusual to find a person, prior to 1752, had dated his will in August and the will was probated in February of the same year.

Quakers, or Friends, used a number for a month, rather than the name of the month. February, in the Old Style calendar, was the twelfth: thus the 12 month 15th 1725 was the 15th of February for that year. A monthly meeting date would be written: 30th of the 9th mo 1742. A record of birth might be written: borne the 25th of ye 9th mo called November 1741.


(Year began March 25, prior to 1752) (Year began January 1, 1752 and subsequently)

March 1st month, I January

April 2nd month, II February

May 3rd month, III March

June 4th month, IV April

July 5th month, V May

August 6th month, VI June

September 7th month, VII July

October 8th month, VIII August

November 9th month, IX September

December 10th month, X October

January 11th month, XI November

February 12th month, XII December

(information from Ancestors West, Santa Barbara (CA) GS, v 18:31/ Benedict Newsletter Vol 1, No 2 (Summer 1993)


It is all in your perspective. The year 2000 AD will be:

* 6238 according to the Egyptian calendar

* 5760 according to the Jewish calendar

* 5119 in the current Maya great cycle

* 2763 according to the old Roman calendar

* 2749 in the ancient Babylonian calendar

* 2544 according to the Buddhist calendar

* 1716 according to the Coptic calendar

* 1420 according to the Muslim calendar

* 1378 according to the Persian calendar

* 208 according to the calendar of the French Revolution

* Year of the Dragon according to Chinese calendar


The calendar or groupings of our calendar often have religious significance and some of the groupings are linked to astronomical periods. Our calendar is made up of days, weeks, months and years. The day is the rotational period of the Earth; the week is an artificial period linked to the Biblical story of creation; the month is linked to the period of the Moon and the year is linked to the Earth's period of rotation around the Sun.

The Jewish calendar and the Moslem calendar are connected with the Moon. The Jewish calendar is now a fixed calendar with rather complex rules for its construction. The lenght of the Jewish year may be 353, 354, or 355 days or 383, 384, or 385 days. Each month has 29 or 30 days.

The Moslem calendar is a fixed calendar. The religious festivals depend on visual sightings of the New Moon. The length of the Moslem year is 12 months of alternate lengths 30 or 29 days, except for the 12th month, which can have 29 or 30 days. The calendar is kept in adjustment with the Moon using a cycle of years of different length.

Mosaic law forbids work on every seventh day established a seven-day period as a measure of Jewish time. This passed over into the Christian church and gradually became established in the Roman calendar. The astrological practice of naming the days using the names of the Sun, Moon and five known planets provided us with the seven-day period.

The names given to the days of the week are based on the nomenclature. In English, Sunday and Monday are named after the Sun and Moon while the other days of the week are named after the Teutonic versions of the gods that corresponds to each of the planters. Tiu = Mars, Woden = Mercury, Thor = Jupiter and Freya = Venus, Saturday keeps its Latin connection with Saturn.

Many ancient calendars were based on the lunar cycle. The lunar month is 19.530589 days and the number of lunations in a year 12.368267. The common scheme was to have 12 months of 30 days with the arbitrary or calculated additional days or months to bring the system into accord with the solar year.

The Roman Calendar originally had 10 months. Martius named after Mars was the indicated time for resumption of war, Aprilis meant 'to open' is the beginning of Spring, Maius is for Maia who is the goddess of growth, Janius is after juvenus meaning youth, Quintilius, Sextilis, Septembris, Octobris and Decembris mean the fifth to tenth months. The Romans had a dislike of even numbers as these symbolized death. Therefore, the months were given 29 or 31 days. King Numa increased the number of months to 12 by introducing Januarius after the god Janus, the protector of doorways and hence the opening of the new year and Februarius is the time of sacrifice at the end of the year. The order of the months was later changed.

In order to reconcile the solar and lunar years, at the recommendation of Sosigenes Julius Caesar altered the length of the months and the change to our present format, which was completed by Caesar Augustus. Both claimed the names of one of the months and this gave rise to Julius and Augustus, which replaced Quintilius and Sextilis.


The number of days in one revolution of the Earth around the Sun is 365.2422 days. Not being a whole number it was impossible to keep the calendar in tract with the seasons. The calendar had to be varied in length.

Julius Caesar made the first attempt to reconcile the year with the seasons. He took a day from February which was then the last month and made his month, July a 31 day. This began the Julian Calendar. February was despoiled by Augustus Caesar who also despoiled a day so as to have a month, August also with 31 days. As some sort of compensation the leap day was given to February.

The Julian Calendar introduced a year of 365 days with a leap-year every four years. It moved the start of the year from March 25 to January 1, which is supposedly the longest day. The adopted length of the year, 365.25 days is only slightly different from the actual length, 365.2422 days but over the centuries the difference mounts up and by the 16th centuries had become noticeable. The effect is to move Spring and the date of Easter, which is related to the vernal equinox, closer to the date of Christmas.

The Gorgonian reform to the calendar altered the rule for determining if a year should be leap-year by stating that centenary years should only be leap years if they were divisible by 400. It dropped several days from the calendar so that the vernal equinox was brought back to March 21. The mean length of the calendar year is now 365.2425 days and the error compared with true value amounts to only 3 days in 10,000 years.


The leap year is defined as being the interval between two successive passages of the Sun through the vernal equinox. What really occurs is that the Earth is going around the Sun. The vernal equinox is the instant when the Sun is above the Earth's equator while going South to North. It is the time, which astronomers take as the definition of the beginning of Spring. The year as defined above is called the tropical year and it is the year lengths that define the repetition of the seasons.

In 46 BC, Julius Caesar established the Julius calendar, which was used in the West until 1582. The Julian calendar each year contained 12 months and there was an average of 365.25 days in a year. This was achieved by having 366 days. Leap years were not corrected until 8 AD. The discrepancy between the actual length of the year 365.24219 days and the adopted length may not seem so important but the Religious seasonal days were getting out of kilter. Pope Gregory XIII instituted the Gregorian Calendar in 1582, which has been used since. The change from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian involved the change in the simple rule for leap-year to the more complex one in which the century year was divided by 400 to become a leap-year.

The adoption of the Gregorian calendar was made in Catholic countries, which omitted 10 days in 1582. That year, October 4th jumped to October 15th. The Gregorian calendar stipulated that the year should start with January 1st in non-Catholic countries the change was made later; Britain and her colonies made the changes in 1752 when September 2nd was followed by September 14th and New Year's Day was changed from March 25th to January 1st.

The sequence of years going from BC to AD does not include the year O. The sequence of years runs 3 BC, 2 BC, 1 BC, 1 AD, 2 AD etc. This means that the first year of the millennium was 1 AD. The Science and Engineering Research Council of the Royal Greenwich Observatory contend that it is clear that the start of the new Millennium will be January 1, 2001.


Surely most will celebrate the coming of the year 2000 AD as is natural in any round number year. We will be celebrating the 2000th year or the last year of the millennium, not the start of the new millennium. This is only gives all the excuse to celebrate the coming of the millennium for a second time.

Information from the Science and Engineering Research Council of the Royal Greenwich Observatory as quoted in THE FRANKLINTONIAN, NEWSLETTER FOR THE Franklin County, Genealogical and Historical Society. Nov/Dec. 1999 & MCC-OGS Volume 20-6 pages 214-215


Some researchers have a harder time tracing ancestors than others simply because of the heritage of their ancestors. Here is an estimate of how far back some can expect to go, genealogically speaking:

Native Americans . . . . . . . . . . .150 years

African Americans,

Greek, Irish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 years

English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 years

Scots, Scandinavian . . . . . . . . . 400 years

French, Italian,

Germanic, Slavic . . . . . . . . . . . 500 years

Swiss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600 years

Spanish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 years



If you are lacking any of the first three items, the family may not be complete:

1. The marriage date of the parents. The first child should be born within a year or two at the latest of the marriage date.

2. Spacing between children should be two years average. Three years is acceptable depending on the next item. Four years or more should make you suspicious.

3. The total number of children should be around 5 - 6, before 1800 and around 8 - 9 after 1800. If there are more children than that, it is not unusual for there to be four or more years between the last tow children, especially if the wife is near the end of her potential child bearing years.

4. What was the age of the mother at marriage? How many childbearing years did she have left? Keep in mind that the average bride at marriage between 1600-1749 was 26, and in 1700 only 8-10% of the population were 60 or older. Hence, she would be lucky to have a child after 40, and she was probably deceased by 50. That would mean, if conditions were ideal, about 14 years for child bearing, and if the spacing rule in item 3 above holds up, about 6-7 children. The average bride at marriage between 1800-1850 was 23.

ADVANCED RESEARCH: Sources of Information:


Civil Registration 1837 - Poor Law 1662-1834

Census 1841 - Directories/Poll Books 1700 -

Church Records Land Tax 1780 -

Parish Registers 1538 - Tax on Apprentices 1710 -1810

Bishop's Transcripts Military 1660

Marriages Licenses/Indexes Newspapers/Period c1700 -

Nonconformists 1689 - 1837 Schools Records

Probates 1400 - 1838 University Records 1150 -

Manor Court Rolls 1400 - 1850

Guild Records 1400 - 1850

Taxes/Lay Subsidies 1216 - 1800

Quarter Sessions 1532 - 1888

Chancery (Bernau's Index) 1386 - 1875

Feet of Fines 1182 - 1834

Inquisition post Mortem 1216 - 1642

Visitations 1528 - 1687

Assize 1500 - 8175

Protestation Rolls 1641 - 42

Poll & Hearth Taxes 1377 - 1689

( Information from MCC_OGS Volume 20-4 page 204.)


When searching cemeteries, you should be aware that religion sometimes had a lot to do with the way people were buried. Here's a good example: In the Old Country, Lutherans were buried "in Order" of death. There was a row for children (with small stones), and one for adults.

When winter came, the church would dig six or seven graves and cover them with straw in anticipation of coming deaths that winter. That way, the church members didn't have to dig through frozen ground or go to several different spots in a cemetery.

When people died, they were buried in chronological order. So, if you're visiting one of these cemeteries and you can't read a stone that sits between two others that are legible, at least you'll know the person's approximate date of death.


If writing is too faded to read, use a 75 watt light bulb in any lamp that casts light directly on the written page. The writing will miraculously appear.

Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman


ppalmer@noguska.com (Super User) Genealogy Tue, 15 May 2012 13:53:01 +0000