Home http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy 2018-01-05T14:07:46+00:00 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY 2012-05-15T13:36:14+00:00 2012-05-15T13:36:14+00:00 http://fostoria.org/index.php/2012-05-14-15-26-09/fostoria-lineage-research-society Super User ppalmer@noguska.com <div class="feed-description"><table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" style="margin: auto;" width="600"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="11%"> &nbsp; </td> <td style="text-align: center;"> <div> <h3 class="noShadow"><a name="#top"></a>FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</h3> </div> </td> <td align="right" width="20%"> &nbsp; </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="393"> <div align="center"> FOSTORIA (HANCOCK, SENECA, WOOD COUNTIES) OHIO <p> c/o Kaubisch Memorial Public Library, 205 Perry Street, Fostoria, Ohio 44830 </p> <p> Meet: Third Monday of each Month, except through the summer </p> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="95%"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="53%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=88">History of Fostoria Lineage Research Society</a> </td> <td width="47%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=93">Membership List</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="53%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=89">Surnames List</a> </td> <td width="47%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=94">Links to Genealogy Sites</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="53%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=90">Abbreviations </a> </td> <td width="47%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=95">General Information</a> - Getting Started </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="53%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=91">Military Information</a> </td> <td width="47%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=96">General Information</a> - After </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div align="left"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=92">Occupations</a> </div> </td> <td> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=97">Diseases of Past Times</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div align="left"> <a href="http://www.fostoria.org/index.php/historical-photos/2012-05-15-14-11-05">Tombstone Territory</a> - St. Wendelin markers<br/> <a href="http://www.fostoria.org/index.php/2012-05-14-15-26-09/fountain-cemetery">Tombstone Territory</a> - Fountain markers </div> </td> <td> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=98">Stories, Jokes &amp; Addicted Genealogist Corner</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=99">The Meaning of Early Gravestone Art:</a> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="70%"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="19"> <p align="left"> &nbsp; </p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> &nbsp; </div> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="600"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="59" width="222"> &nbsp; </td> <td align="center" width="141"> &nbsp; </td> <td width="225"> <div align="right"> <span style="color: rgb(153, 0, 0);"><em><span style="font-size: small;">Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</span></em></span> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> &nbsp; </p></div> <div class="feed-description"><table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" style="margin: auto;" width="600"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="11%"> &nbsp; </td> <td style="text-align: center;"> <div> <h3 class="noShadow"><a name="#top"></a>FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</h3> </div> </td> <td align="right" width="20%"> &nbsp; </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="393"> <div align="center"> FOSTORIA (HANCOCK, SENECA, WOOD COUNTIES) OHIO <p> c/o Kaubisch Memorial Public Library, 205 Perry Street, Fostoria, Ohio 44830 </p> <p> Meet: Third Monday of each Month, except through the summer </p> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="95%"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="53%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=88">History of Fostoria Lineage Research Society</a> </td> <td width="47%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=93">Membership List</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="53%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=89">Surnames List</a> </td> <td width="47%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=94">Links to Genealogy Sites</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="53%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=90">Abbreviations </a> </td> <td width="47%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=95">General Information</a> - Getting Started </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="53%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=91">Military Information</a> </td> <td width="47%"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=96">General Information</a> - After </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div align="left"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=92">Occupations</a> </div> </td> <td> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=97">Diseases of Past Times</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div align="left"> <a href="http://www.fostoria.org/index.php/historical-photos/2012-05-15-14-11-05">Tombstone Territory</a> - St. Wendelin markers<br/> <a href="http://www.fostoria.org/index.php/2012-05-14-15-26-09/fountain-cemetery">Tombstone Territory</a> - Fountain markers </div> </td> <td> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=98">Stories, Jokes &amp; Addicted Genealogist Corner</a> </td> </tr> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <a href="?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=99">The Meaning of Early Gravestone Art:</a> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="70%"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="19"> <p align="left"> &nbsp; </p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> &nbsp; </div> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="600"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="59" width="222"> &nbsp; </td> <td align="center" width="141"> &nbsp; </td> <td width="225"> <div align="right"> <span style="color: rgb(153, 0, 0);"><em><span style="font-size: small;">Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</span></em></span> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> &nbsp; </p></div> History behind the Fostoria Lineage Research Society 2012-05-15T13:40:14+00:00 2012-05-15T13:40:14+00:00 http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/88-history-behind-the-fostoria-lineage-research-society Super User ppalmer@noguska.com <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="1340"> <div align="center"> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> History behind the Fostoria Lineage Research Society</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">By President Sally Riser</span></p> <table width="140" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" align="left"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="96"> <p align="center"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><img src="media/Lineage/two.JPG" border="0" width="196" height="250" /></span></strong></span><br /> <span style="font-size: small;">Fred &amp; Mary Fish</span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">From 1966 to 1968, Mary L. Fish, Regent of the Jane Washington Chapter, The National Society Daughters of the American Revolution here in Fostoria, Ohio.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> During this time DAR encouraged workshops in genealogy and Mrs. Fish organized and led a 6 week classes. When the workshop came to an close, everyone had enjoyed it so much they wanted to continue. And the Fostoria Lineage Research Society was formed with dues set at $3.00 a year.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">The first membership roll in 1969 included: Ralph E. Sackett, Jr., Chairman; George Emahiser, Vice Chairman; Ruth Ann Shaferly, Secretary &amp; Treasurer; Mrs. Fred (Mary) Fish, Public Relation; Paul Cox, Mrs. George (Grace) Emahiser, Mr. &amp; Mrs. Olin (Nellie) Fruth; Mrs. James (Joan) Gillig, Miss Frances Kettler, Mrs. B. W. (Erma) Reeve, Mrs. Glenn (Violet) True, Mrs. Jack (Marilyn) Ziegman; Mrs. Lawton (Mary) Gerlinger; Mrs. Gerald (Grace) Heinze, Mrs. Paul (Florence) Fox, Mrs. R. Barton (Mary Lou) Chilcote, Elwood Kimes; Mrs. Elwood (Bernice) Kimes, Lloyd Abbott, Effie P. Gibat, Mrs. D. L. (Vauda R) Hunker, Mrs. Norman (Doris) Bolen and Mrs. Laverne (Betty) Huth. By 1975, Eilen Niswander, Mr. &amp; Mrs. Wilfred Kissling, Larry Henry, Judy Lamberjack, Mrs. Ronald Sparrowe, Mrs. Reba DeWalt, Melvin Murray, Rolland and Elaine Knisley, Leona Boyd, Ruth Sendelbach, Thaddeus Hurd, Mildred Link and Willis Wyant had been added to the membership roll.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Early on Kaubisch Memorial Public Library was selected as a meeting place and is still used today. Meetings are held at 6:30 PM the fourth Monday of January and February and the third Monday of every other month with the exception of June, July, August and December which no meetings are held. Meetings are held in the McClean Room at Kaubisch Memorial Public Library, 205 Perry Street, Fostoria, Ohio. </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Membership in the Society is open to all who are interested in genealogy and family history. Visitors are always welcome to attend. Dues are now set at $10 per year for individual and $15 per year for couples </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Society helps members and others with their research and acquaints new members with sources and how to use them. Meetings offer an opportunity to meet and exchange information with other researches. Standard forms are also available.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Speakers on topics of genealogical and historical interest are often featured. Occasionally trips are taken to places of interest, such as: The Hayes Presidential Library in Fremont, Ohio OGS in Mansfield and in Columbus, Ohio.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Fostoria Lineage Research Society maintains a close relationship with The Genealogy &amp; History Department of Kaubisch Memorial Public Library. The Society has created and maintains a "Family File" in the department. They also have an ongoing interest in purchasing books, microfilm and CD ROM's for the Department from the dues collected.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Society does not publish a newsletter. However, they do provide a schedule of meetings and membership list including surnames that each member is researching.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> One of the founding members, Mrs. Grace Emahiser, published a book "From River Clyde to Tymochtee and Col. William Crawford" about her ancestor Colonel Crawford and the Crawford Family.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> One of our members, Richard F. (Dick) Mann, has written a history of the 49th Ohio Volunteer Infantry of the Civil War. His family expects it to be published in late spring or early summer, 2010. His book is available for purchase.</span></p> <p>Kaublish Public Library has copies of “The History of the Ohio National Guard in Fostoria, 1877 to 1954, also written by Mr. Mann, and several Civil War journals that he transcribed. Dick Mann passed away November 9, 2009</p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Mrs. Ben (Wanda) Pohlman has untaken a large project of photograph tombstones with their names, date and service records at Fountain Cemetery here in Fostoria, which will be in near future. The St. Wendelin Cemetery here in Fostoria is schedule next. </span></p> <hr width="90%" size="1" /> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> DO YOU KNOW YOUR ROOTS</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Articles From by Henry Casiano</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ever wonder where your family originally came from or wanted to know more about your family tree? Who knows, you could be a descendent of kings or even from the first settlers who stepped foot in the new world.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> There are many reasons to want to know your genealogical background and there are groups out there willing to help you in your quest.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> One such group is The Fostoria Lineage Research Society. The Society has been around since 1963 when it held its first meeting at the home of George and Grace Emahiser, the founders of the group. They have since moved their meeting to Kaubisch Memorial Library where they meet on the third Monday of the months in September, October, November, March, April, May and June. Because of holidays, they meet on the fourth Monday of January and February. Meetings are now held in the McClean Room from 6:30 p.m. to 8 p.m. and the dues are $10 per person and $15 for couples.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> They have winter workshops that help people to learn how to do research on finding their ancestors. One good place to start your search is our local library which has its own genealogical section in the lower lever as well as two microfilm viewers, many local history books, a new computer genealogy program and various books donated by the Fostoria Lineage Research Society. </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Several other ways to find your genealogical background is though the obituaries, family records and the county census. Some other places to do genealogical research in this area are the Mansfield and Findlay libraries, and one of the best libraries in this part of the United States is the Allen County Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Searching for your genealogical background can be fun as well as rewarding. The endless hours of seeking information about your ancestors may lead you to such famous descendants as Barbara Bush or even Abe Lincoln, who were discovered as members of the Society.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The President of the Fostoria Lineage Society is Jean Saalman and add Patty Kreais, Secretary, Ralph Sackett, Jr, Treasurer, and Jim &amp; Pat Beeson, Publicity, Wanda Pohlman and Hazel Coppler are also two members of the Society who are very informative and can help you with your genealogical research.</span></p> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div align="center"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=88"></a> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table></div> <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="1340"> <div align="center"> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> History behind the Fostoria Lineage Research Society</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">By President Sally Riser</span></p> <table width="140" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" align="left"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="96"> <p align="center"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><img src="media/Lineage/two.JPG" border="0" width="196" height="250" /></span></strong></span><br /> <span style="font-size: small;">Fred &amp; Mary Fish</span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">From 1966 to 1968, Mary L. Fish, Regent of the Jane Washington Chapter, The National Society Daughters of the American Revolution here in Fostoria, Ohio.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> During this time DAR encouraged workshops in genealogy and Mrs. Fish organized and led a 6 week classes. When the workshop came to an close, everyone had enjoyed it so much they wanted to continue. And the Fostoria Lineage Research Society was formed with dues set at $3.00 a year.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">The first membership roll in 1969 included: Ralph E. Sackett, Jr., Chairman; George Emahiser, Vice Chairman; Ruth Ann Shaferly, Secretary &amp; Treasurer; Mrs. Fred (Mary) Fish, Public Relation; Paul Cox, Mrs. George (Grace) Emahiser, Mr. &amp; Mrs. Olin (Nellie) Fruth; Mrs. James (Joan) Gillig, Miss Frances Kettler, Mrs. B. W. (Erma) Reeve, Mrs. Glenn (Violet) True, Mrs. Jack (Marilyn) Ziegman; Mrs. Lawton (Mary) Gerlinger; Mrs. Gerald (Grace) Heinze, Mrs. Paul (Florence) Fox, Mrs. R. Barton (Mary Lou) Chilcote, Elwood Kimes; Mrs. Elwood (Bernice) Kimes, Lloyd Abbott, Effie P. Gibat, Mrs. D. L. (Vauda R) Hunker, Mrs. Norman (Doris) Bolen and Mrs. Laverne (Betty) Huth. By 1975, Eilen Niswander, Mr. &amp; Mrs. Wilfred Kissling, Larry Henry, Judy Lamberjack, Mrs. Ronald Sparrowe, Mrs. Reba DeWalt, Melvin Murray, Rolland and Elaine Knisley, Leona Boyd, Ruth Sendelbach, Thaddeus Hurd, Mildred Link and Willis Wyant had been added to the membership roll.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Early on Kaubisch Memorial Public Library was selected as a meeting place and is still used today. Meetings are held at 6:30 PM the fourth Monday of January and February and the third Monday of every other month with the exception of June, July, August and December which no meetings are held. Meetings are held in the McClean Room at Kaubisch Memorial Public Library, 205 Perry Street, Fostoria, Ohio. </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Membership in the Society is open to all who are interested in genealogy and family history. Visitors are always welcome to attend. Dues are now set at $10 per year for individual and $15 per year for couples </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Society helps members and others with their research and acquaints new members with sources and how to use them. Meetings offer an opportunity to meet and exchange information with other researches. Standard forms are also available.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Speakers on topics of genealogical and historical interest are often featured. Occasionally trips are taken to places of interest, such as: The Hayes Presidential Library in Fremont, Ohio OGS in Mansfield and in Columbus, Ohio.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Fostoria Lineage Research Society maintains a close relationship with The Genealogy &amp; History Department of Kaubisch Memorial Public Library. The Society has created and maintains a "Family File" in the department. They also have an ongoing interest in purchasing books, microfilm and CD ROM's for the Department from the dues collected.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Society does not publish a newsletter. However, they do provide a schedule of meetings and membership list including surnames that each member is researching.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> One of the founding members, Mrs. Grace Emahiser, published a book "From River Clyde to Tymochtee and Col. William Crawford" about her ancestor Colonel Crawford and the Crawford Family.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> One of our members, Richard F. (Dick) Mann, has written a history of the 49th Ohio Volunteer Infantry of the Civil War. His family expects it to be published in late spring or early summer, 2010. His book is available for purchase.</span></p> <p>Kaublish Public Library has copies of “The History of the Ohio National Guard in Fostoria, 1877 to 1954, also written by Mr. Mann, and several Civil War journals that he transcribed. Dick Mann passed away November 9, 2009</p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Mrs. Ben (Wanda) Pohlman has untaken a large project of photograph tombstones with their names, date and service records at Fountain Cemetery here in Fostoria, which will be in near future. The St. Wendelin Cemetery here in Fostoria is schedule next. </span></p> <hr width="90%" size="1" /> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> DO YOU KNOW YOUR ROOTS</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Articles From by Henry Casiano</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ever wonder where your family originally came from or wanted to know more about your family tree? Who knows, you could be a descendent of kings or even from the first settlers who stepped foot in the new world.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> There are many reasons to want to know your genealogical background and there are groups out there willing to help you in your quest.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> One such group is The Fostoria Lineage Research Society. The Society has been around since 1963 when it held its first meeting at the home of George and Grace Emahiser, the founders of the group. They have since moved their meeting to Kaubisch Memorial Library where they meet on the third Monday of the months in September, October, November, March, April, May and June. Because of holidays, they meet on the fourth Monday of January and February. Meetings are now held in the McClean Room from 6:30 p.m. to 8 p.m. and the dues are $10 per person and $15 for couples.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> They have winter workshops that help people to learn how to do research on finding their ancestors. One good place to start your search is our local library which has its own genealogical section in the lower lever as well as two microfilm viewers, many local history books, a new computer genealogy program and various books donated by the Fostoria Lineage Research Society. </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Several other ways to find your genealogical background is though the obituaries, family records and the county census. Some other places to do genealogical research in this area are the Mansfield and Findlay libraries, and one of the best libraries in this part of the United States is the Allen County Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Searching for your genealogical background can be fun as well as rewarding. The endless hours of seeking information about your ancestors may lead you to such famous descendants as Barbara Bush or even Abe Lincoln, who were discovered as members of the Society.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The President of the Fostoria Lineage Society is Jean Saalman and add Patty Kreais, Secretary, Ralph Sackett, Jr, Treasurer, and Jim &amp; Pat Beeson, Publicity, Wanda Pohlman and Hazel Coppler are also two members of the Society who are very informative and can help you with your genealogical research.</span></p> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div align="center"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=88"></a> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table></div> Surnames Links 2012-05-15T13:41:25+00:00 2012-05-15T13:41:25+00:00 http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/89-surnames-links Super User ppalmer@noguska.com <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="277"> <div align="center"> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> <span style="text-decoration: underline;">"</span></strong></span><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Surnames Links"</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">:</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> List of Members researching</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> (</strong></span><span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong>A</strong></span><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>)</strong> </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Abbott, Adams, Allen, Alspach, Andrew/Andrews, Ash, Auck</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> (</strong></span><span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong>B</strong></span><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>)</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Baldwin, Baird, Barchus, Barenger, Barringer, Bates, Beers, Beeson, Bell, Benedict, Benscoter, Bentz, Berkley, Bickford, Billingsley, Bish, Blessing, Bosler, Boucher, Boyd, Bowers, Brandeberry, Brickner/Bruckner, Bristo, Brookman, Brown (2), Browning, Bruns, Bubb, Bucher, Burk, Byers</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;"> (C) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Caldwell, Campbell, Caples, Carpenter, Carrel, Cave, Chaney, Chesebrough, Chilcote, Clark, Clary, Close/Klose, Clouse, Cole, Columbur, Comer, Conley, Constable, Cook, Cook/Koch, Cooley, Cooper, Coppler, Coppus, Copsey, Coup, Crane, Craun, Creeger, Crosby, Crouch, Crow, Culbertson, </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;"> (D)</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">David/Davidter,</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Davis, Dicken, Dickman, Dieker, Dier, Dillon, Dippelhofer, Disher, Dolch, Doke, Drake, Dreitzler, Droll, Drury, Dunlop, Dye</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;"> (E)</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Edmunds, Ebgert, Eger, Eissler, Elder, Ellicot, England, Enos, Esselbaugh</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(F)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Faler, Feasel, Fiendel, Flack/Fleck, Flechtner, Forney, Fosty, Fox, Fralex/Fralix, Fraver, Free, Freeze, Frederick, Frink, Fruth </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(G)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Gangwer, Gee, Ginning, Girdham, Good, Goodman, Graber, Green/Greene, Grove, Guilluam, </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(H)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Haggard, Haley, Hammer, Hampshire, Hannah, Hare, Harmon, Hartley, Hartsel, Hartsook, Hawkins, Hays, Heiserman, Hemming, Henry, Herbert, Hesket,/Heskett, Hessley, Hill, Hipsher, Hoepf, Holdin/Holding/Holden, Hollenbach/Hollenbaugh, Hollopeter, Holscher, Holtsberry, Hornbeck, Hubbard, Huffman, Hull, Hunker, Hunt, Hurd, Huss,</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(I)</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Iler, Imber, Inman, Irelan, Irish</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(J</span>) <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Jacobs, Jackson, Jagger, Jensen, Johnson/Johnston, Jurris, </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(K)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Kagy,</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Keckler, Keel, Keiffer, Keller, Kemble, Kendal, Keysacker, Kies, King, Kinsey, Kirian, Kirkpatrick, Kirshner, Kiser/ Keyser, Kissling, Kline, Klotz, Kock/Kuck,</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;"> (L) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Lantz, Lauck,</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Leasure, Lee, Leffler, Leist, Leonard, Lepley, Lewis, Lewan, Ley/Lye, Licinger, Lindley, Long, Lowmaster, Ludlow, Luman, Lusk, Lybarger, Lyon</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(M)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Mack, Marcer, Marks, Martz, Maloney, Mann, Marshman, Mathias, Matthews, May/Mai, Mazey, McBride, McConnell, McDougle, McDonald, McLaughlin, McMahan, Means, Meeks, Meisner, Mergenthaler, Metcalf, Mertz, Miller, Millhime, Moor, Moore, Morgan, Mowery/Mowrey, Mullen, Murphy, Myers</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(N)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Neiderhouser, Neidlinger, Neimann, NeumanNordlund, Null</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(P) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Palmer, Pancoast, Pankhurst, Parish, Parkins, Paxson, Peake, Pelton, Pennell, Peter (Jacob &amp; Abraham), Peter, Peters, Phister/Phisterer, Plummer, Piotter, Pohlmann/Pohlman, Poppaw, Powell, Prudden, Puffenberger, Pump</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(R) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Rader, Rathbun, Raney, Raymont, Reber, Redman, Reis/Reisz, Richendoll/Richendollar, Riser, Ritter, Rosen, Rosenberger, Roush, Ruse</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(S) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Saum, Scattergood, Scherger, Schmidt/Smith, Schoendorff/Schindorff, Shontz, Schorger, Schultz, Seigchrist, Seitz, Seng, Shaffer, Shafferly, Shakespeare, Sheeter, Shontz, Siddens, Siebenoller, Singer, Slotterbeck, Smith (2), Smalley, Smith (Wm.), Smothers, Smouse, Snyder, Souder, Spendsen, Sprang, Sprout, Stahl, Stark, Steadman, Stearns, Steinmeyer, Steward/Stewart, Stratton, Strope, Strouse, Swope,</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(T)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Taylor, Thiel, Thom, Thomas, Thompson, Tiell, Tombaugh, Tucker, Travis</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(U) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Ulrich, Unger, Uptegraff/Updegraff</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(V)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Van Atta, Van Drier, Van Dyke, Veeder, Von Schmidtpauli, Vrooman, </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(W)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Waggoner, Warner, Weaks, Weed, Weiker, Welling, Wells, Weston, Wheat, White, Wietholter, Wilcox, Williams, Williamson, Wilson, Wilson/Welson, Winkenwerder, Wood, Woodruff, Woolman, Woolum, Workley, Wyant</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(X &amp; Y)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Yonker, Youngker</span><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;">,</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;"> (Z) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Zedacker/Zedeker/Zurcher, Zeigier/Sigler, Zimmerman</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Researchers welcome.</strong></span><strong></strong></p> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=89"></a> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table></div> <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="277"> <div align="center"> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> <span style="text-decoration: underline;">"</span></strong></span><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Surnames Links"</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">:</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> List of Members researching</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> (</strong></span><span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong>A</strong></span><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>)</strong> </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Abbott, Adams, Allen, Alspach, Andrew/Andrews, Ash, Auck</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> (</strong></span><span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong>B</strong></span><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>)</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Baldwin, Baird, Barchus, Barenger, Barringer, Bates, Beers, Beeson, Bell, Benedict, Benscoter, Bentz, Berkley, Bickford, Billingsley, Bish, Blessing, Bosler, Boucher, Boyd, Bowers, Brandeberry, Brickner/Bruckner, Bristo, Brookman, Brown (2), Browning, Bruns, Bubb, Bucher, Burk, Byers</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;"> (C) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Caldwell, Campbell, Caples, Carpenter, Carrel, Cave, Chaney, Chesebrough, Chilcote, Clark, Clary, Close/Klose, Clouse, Cole, Columbur, Comer, Conley, Constable, Cook, Cook/Koch, Cooley, Cooper, Coppler, Coppus, Copsey, Coup, Crane, Craun, Creeger, Crosby, Crouch, Crow, Culbertson, </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;"> (D)</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">David/Davidter,</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Davis, Dicken, Dickman, Dieker, Dier, Dillon, Dippelhofer, Disher, Dolch, Doke, Drake, Dreitzler, Droll, Drury, Dunlop, Dye</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;"> (E)</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Edmunds, Ebgert, Eger, Eissler, Elder, Ellicot, England, Enos, Esselbaugh</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(F)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Faler, Feasel, Fiendel, Flack/Fleck, Flechtner, Forney, Fosty, Fox, Fralex/Fralix, Fraver, Free, Freeze, Frederick, Frink, Fruth </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(G)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Gangwer, Gee, Ginning, Girdham, Good, Goodman, Graber, Green/Greene, Grove, Guilluam, </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(H)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Haggard, Haley, Hammer, Hampshire, Hannah, Hare, Harmon, Hartley, Hartsel, Hartsook, Hawkins, Hays, Heiserman, Hemming, Henry, Herbert, Hesket,/Heskett, Hessley, Hill, Hipsher, Hoepf, Holdin/Holding/Holden, Hollenbach/Hollenbaugh, Hollopeter, Holscher, Holtsberry, Hornbeck, Hubbard, Huffman, Hull, Hunker, Hunt, Hurd, Huss,</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(I)</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Iler, Imber, Inman, Irelan, Irish</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(J</span>) <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Jacobs, Jackson, Jagger, Jensen, Johnson/Johnston, Jurris, </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(K)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Kagy,</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Keckler, Keel, Keiffer, Keller, Kemble, Kendal, Keysacker, Kies, King, Kinsey, Kirian, Kirkpatrick, Kirshner, Kiser/ Keyser, Kissling, Kline, Klotz, Kock/Kuck,</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;"> (L) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Lantz, Lauck,</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Leasure, Lee, Leffler, Leist, Leonard, Lepley, Lewis, Lewan, Ley/Lye, Licinger, Lindley, Long, Lowmaster, Ludlow, Luman, Lusk, Lybarger, Lyon</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(M)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Mack, Marcer, Marks, Martz, Maloney, Mann, Marshman, Mathias, Matthews, May/Mai, Mazey, McBride, McConnell, McDougle, McDonald, McLaughlin, McMahan, Means, Meeks, Meisner, Mergenthaler, Metcalf, Mertz, Miller, Millhime, Moor, Moore, Morgan, Mowery/Mowrey, Mullen, Murphy, Myers</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(N)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Neiderhouser, Neidlinger, Neimann, NeumanNordlund, Null</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(P) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Palmer, Pancoast, Pankhurst, Parish, Parkins, Paxson, Peake, Pelton, Pennell, Peter (Jacob &amp; Abraham), Peter, Peters, Phister/Phisterer, Plummer, Piotter, Pohlmann/Pohlman, Poppaw, Powell, Prudden, Puffenberger, Pump</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(R) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Rader, Rathbun, Raney, Raymont, Reber, Redman, Reis/Reisz, Richendoll/Richendollar, Riser, Ritter, Rosen, Rosenberger, Roush, Ruse</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(S) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Saum, Scattergood, Scherger, Schmidt/Smith, Schoendorff/Schindorff, Shontz, Schorger, Schultz, Seigchrist, Seitz, Seng, Shaffer, Shafferly, Shakespeare, Sheeter, Shontz, Siddens, Siebenoller, Singer, Slotterbeck, Smith (2), Smalley, Smith (Wm.), Smothers, Smouse, Snyder, Souder, Spendsen, Sprang, Sprout, Stahl, Stark, Steadman, Stearns, Steinmeyer, Steward/Stewart, Stratton, Strope, Strouse, Swope,</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(T)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Taylor, Thiel, Thom, Thomas, Thompson, Tiell, Tombaugh, Tucker, Travis</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(U) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Ulrich, Unger, Uptegraff/Updegraff</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(V)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Van Atta, Van Drier, Van Dyke, Veeder, Von Schmidtpauli, Vrooman, </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(W)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Waggoner, Warner, Weaks, Weed, Weiker, Welling, Wells, Weston, Wheat, White, Wietholter, Wilcox, Williams, Williamson, Wilson, Wilson/Welson, Winkenwerder, Wood, Woodruff, Woolman, Woolum, Workley, Wyant</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;">(X &amp; Y)</span> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Yonker, Youngker</span><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;">,</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #0000ff;"> (Z) </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Zedacker/Zedeker/Zurcher, Zeigier/Sigler, Zimmerman</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Researchers welcome.</strong></span><strong></strong></p> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=89"></a> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table></div> Abbreviations 2012-05-15T13:43:42+00:00 2012-05-15T13:43:42+00:00 http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/90-abbreviations Super User ppalmer@noguska.com <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"> <div align="left"> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">ABBREVIATIONS:</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>a</strong>. . . .for about. <strong>abbrev</strong>. . .abbreviation or ted. <strong>acc.</strong> . .according to.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>acco</strong>. . . account<strong> accu</strong>. . . accurate<strong> adj</strong>. . .adjoining <strong>adm</strong>. . .admission or admitted </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>admin.</strong> . administration or tor. <strong>aft</strong>. . .after <strong>alleg</strong>. . .allegance <strong> ano</strong>. . .another </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>approx</strong>. . .approximately <strong>ar. co</strong> .. .artillery company <strong> ascert.</strong> . .ascertain or ained </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>b.</strong> . .born or birth <strong>bapt. . </strong>.baptized or sm. <strong>bec.</strong> . .because or became <strong>bef.</strong> . .before</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>bot.</strong> . .bought or bottom <strong>br.</strong> . .brother <strong> bur</strong>. . .buried <strong> capt.</strong> . .captain, captured or ivity</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>catal.</strong> . .catalogue <strong>ch.</strong> . .for child, children, or church<strong> clk. </strong>. .clerk <strong> Co</strong>. . .County</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Col.</strong> . .Colony or Colonel <strong> Coll</strong>. . .College or Collections <strong>comp.</strong> . .company</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>confer</strong>. . .conferred <strong> conject</strong>. . .conjecture <strong>cont.</strong> . .continued <strong>contr</strong>. . .contract</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>corp</strong>. . .corporal <strong>couns.</strong> . .counsellor <strong> cous</strong>. . .cousin <strong>coven.</strong> . .convenant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>ct</strong>. . .court <strong>d.</strong> . .died, death or daughter <strong> Dart</strong>. . .Dartmouth College <strong> deac</strong>. . .deacon</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>decis</strong>. . .decision <strong> degr</strong>. . .degree <strong> devis.</strong> . .devised <strong> discip.</strong> . .discipline</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>div</strong>. . .division or divided <strong>docum</strong>. . .document <strong>easi</strong>. . .for easily <strong>educ</strong>. . .deducation or ted </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Eng</strong>. . .England <strong>eno</strong>. . .enough <strong>ens.</strong> . .ensign <strong> ensu</strong>. . .ensuing <strong>est</strong>. . .estate</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>establ</strong>. . .establishment <strong> exc</strong>. . .except <strong> f </strong>. . .father <strong>fam</strong>. . .family</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>fidel</strong>. . .fidelity <strong>foll</strong>. . .following or ed. <strong>freem</strong>. . .freeman or en. <strong>giv</strong>. . .given or giving </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>gr</strong>. . .grand, great, grant or graduate <strong> G.f.</strong>. . .grandfather <strong>gr.mo</strong>. . .grandmother</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>gr.s.</strong> . grandson <strong>Hist</strong>. . .History<strong> hist</strong>. . .historian <strong>hon</strong>. . .honorable <strong>honor</strong>. . .honorary</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>honora</strong>. . .honorable <strong>ign</strong>. . .ignorant <strong>Ind</strong>. . .Indians <strong>inf.</strong> . .infant or informed</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>inhab</strong>. . .inhabitant <strong>inq.</strong> . .inquiry <strong>ins</strong>. . .insert <strong>inv</strong>. . .inventroy </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>judic</strong>. . .judicial or judicious <strong>k.</strong> . .killed or king <strong>kn.</strong> . .known <strong>Id.</strong> . .land</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>lieut</strong>. . .lieutenant <strong>liv.</strong> . .lived or ing. <strong> m.</strong> . .married or age<strong> maj.</strong> . .major<strong> mak</strong>. . .making</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>ment.</strong> . .mentioned <strong>milit.</strong> . .military <strong>min</strong>. . .minister <strong>nam</strong>. . .for named</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>N.E</strong>. . . New England <strong>not.</strong> . .noted <strong> o.</strong> . .oath <strong>O.E</strong>. . . Old England</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>offic</strong>. . .official <strong>oft</strong>. . .often <strong>ord</strong>. . .ordained <strong>orig</strong>. . .origin <strong>peo</strong>. . .people</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>petitn</strong>. . .petition <strong>preced</strong>. . .preceding <strong> pro</strong>. . .probate or proved <strong>prob.</strong> . .probable or ly</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>prop</strong>. . .property <strong> propound.</strong> . .propounded <strong>propr.</strong> . .proprietors or proprietor</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>provis</strong>. . .provision<strong> pub</strong>. . .public <strong> rat.</strong> . .rated <strong> rec.</strong> . .record <strong>rep.</strong> . report or representative</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>repud</strong>. . .repudiated <strong>respectiv.</strong> . .respectively<strong> s.</strong> . .son or sons <strong> scatt.</strong> . .for scattering or ed</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>sec</strong>. . .second <strong>serb</strong>. . .sergeant <strong>sett</strong>. . .settlers or settler <strong>serv</strong>. . .service or servant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>sh.</strong> . .share or ship <strong>sis</strong>. . .sister <strong> spell</strong>. . .spelling or ed. <strong> surg.</strong> . .surgeon</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>sw</strong>. . .swear or swore <strong>syl</strong>. . .syllable <strong>tak.</strong> . .taken <strong>tho. </strong>. .though <strong>thot</strong>. . .thought </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>thro.</strong> . .through <strong>transcr</strong>. . .transcribed <strong>unit.</strong> . .uniting or ed <strong>unm</strong>. . .unmarried </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>var</strong>. . .various or variation <strong>w</strong>. . .wife <strong>wh</strong>. . .who or which <strong>wks</strong>. . .weeks <strong>wid</strong>. . .widow</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>yr</strong>. . .year</span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">WHAT DO THOSE INITIALS MEAN??????</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Initials after your ancestor's names may provide useful information that you would not expect. The following list includes initials you may come across when reading old wills or other documents.</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">a.a.s. Died in the year of his/her age (anno aetitis suae)</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.s.p. Died without issue (decessit sine prole legitima)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.s.p.l. Died without legitimate issue (decessit sine prole mascula supersita)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.s.p.m.s. Died without surviving male issue (decessit sine prole supersita)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.s.p.s. Died without surviving issue (decessit sine prole supersita)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.unm Died unmarried</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.v.p. Died in the lifetime of his father (decessit vita patris)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.v.m. Died in the lifetime of his mother (decessit vita matris)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Et al And others (et alia)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Inst Present month (instans)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Liber Book or volume</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Nepos Grandson</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Nunc Nuncupative will, an oral will, written by a witness</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ob He/she died (obit)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Relict Widow or widower (relicta/relistus)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Sic So or thus, exact copy as written</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Testes Witnesses</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ult Late (ultimo)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ux or Vs Wife (uxor)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Viz Namely (videlicet) </span></p> <div align="center"> <p><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">HOW MANY RELATIVES DO YOU HAVE?</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">1 YOU</span></p> </div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 2 Parents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 4 Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 8 Great Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 16 GG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 32 GGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 64 GGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 128 GGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 256 GGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 512 GGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1,024 GGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 2,048 GGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 4,096 GGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 8,192 GGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 16,184 GGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 32,768 GGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 65,036 GGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 131,072 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 262,144 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 524,288 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1,444,576 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 2,097,152 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><strong>Is it any wonder that we spend so much time on genealogy? </strong></span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">From Pathways, Butler County, Chapter OGS Volume XVII, No. 4 - 1999</span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">INDEXES</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>I</strong> Investigate index system peculiar to each book or record. Read the explanatory note, which precedes the listing. Study the overall appearance.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>N</strong> Never give up! If the name isn't in the index and it should be, take the time to leaf through the book. No index is perfect.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>D </strong>Decipher with in the alphabet - some indexes are only partially indexed.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>E</strong> Explore all possible spelling variants and name changes.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>X</strong> Cross check for every common surnames on pages where less common names appear.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>E</strong> Examine for omissions. If the book is thick and the index short, only the most important names may be indexed.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>S</strong> See if there is only one index. Often there are two (grantors and grantees, brides and grooms) one more (church roster and cemeteries).</span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">RELATIONSHIP CHART</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">_____</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> 1 2 3 4 5 6_________</span></span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">1 Common Son or Grandson Gr Grandson 2<sup>nd</sup> Gr Grandson 3<sup>rd</sup> Gr Grandson</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ancestor Daughter or Daughter or Daughter or Daughter or Daughter</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">______________________________________________________________________________________________</span></p> <br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">2 Son or Siblings Nephew Grand Nephew Gr. Grand 2<sup>nd</sup> Gr. Grand</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Daughter Brother or or Niece or Niece Nephew or Nephew or </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Sister Niece Niece</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">______________________________________________________________________________________________</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">3. Grandson Nephew First First Cousin First Cousin First Cousin</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> or Daughter or Niece Cousin Once Removed Twice Removed Three Times Removed</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">______________________________________________________________________________________________</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">4. Great Grand First Cousin Second Second Cousin Second Cousin</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Grandson Nephew Once Cousin Once Twice</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> or Daughter Or Niece Removed Removed Removed</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">______________________________________________________________________________________________</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">2<sup>nd</sup> Great Great Grand First Cousin Second Third Third Cousin</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 5. Grandson or Nephew or Twice Cousin Once Cousin Once</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Granddaughter Niece Removed Removed Removed</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">______________________________________________________________________________________________</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">3<sup>rd</sup> Great 2<sup>nd</sup> Great First Cousin Third Fourth Fourth Cousin</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 6. Grandson or Grand Nephew Three Times Cousin Once Cousin Once</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Granddaughter Or Niece Removed Removed Removed</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">______________________________________________________________________________________________</span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">POPULATION CENSUS ITEMS</span></strong></span></div> <br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>1790-1980:</strong> includes supplemental schedules open to the public; excludes questions asked on a sample basis only</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1790:</strong> Name of family head; free white males of 16 years and up, free white males under 16; free white females; salves; other persons.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>1800:</strong> Name of family head; if white, age and sex; race; slaves</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>1810:</strong> Name of family head; if white, age and sex; race; slaves</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1820:</strong> Name of family head; age; sex; race; foreigners not naturalized; slaves; industry (agriculture, commerce, and manufactures)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1830:</strong> Name of family head; age; sex; race; slaves; deaf and dumb; blind; foreigners not naturalized</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1840:</strong> Name of family head; age; sex; race; slaves; number of deaf and dumb; number of blind; number of insane and idiotic and whether in public or private charge; number of persons in each family employed in each of six classes of industry and one of occupation; literacy; pensioners for Revolutionary or military service.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1850:</strong> Name; age; sex; race; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic; value of real estate; occupation; birthplace; whether married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether a pauper or convict.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Supplemental schedules for slaves; public paupers and criminals; person who died during the year.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1860:</strong> Name; age; sex; race; value of real estate; value of personal estate; occupation; birthplace; whether married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether deaf and dumb; blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict; number of slave houses.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Supplemental schedules for slaves; public paupers and criminals; persons who died during the year.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1870:</strong> Name; age; race; occupation; value of real estate; value of personal estate; birthplace; whether parents were foreign born; month of birth if born within the year; month of marriage if married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic; male citizens 21 and over, and number of such persons denied the right to vote for other than rebellion.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Supplemental schedules for persons who died during the year; paupers; prisoners.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1880:</strong> Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; month of birth if born within the census year; occupation; months unemployed during the year; sickness or temporary disability; whether blind, deaf and dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise disabled; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Supplemental schedules for the Indian population; for parents who died during the year; insane, idiots; deaf-mutes; blind; homeless children; prisoners; paupers and indigent person.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1890:</strong> General schedules - destroyed. Supplemental schedules for Union veterans of the Civil War and their widows.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1900:</strong> Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; number of years married; for women, number of children born and number now living; birthplace of person and parents; if foreign born, year of immigration and whether naturalized; occupation; months not employed; school attendance; literacy; ability to speak English; whether on a farm; home owned or rented and if owned, whether mortgaged.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1910:</strong> Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; number of years of present marriage; for women, number of children born and number now biving; birthplace and mother tongue of persons and parents; if foreign born, year of immigration, whether naturalized, and whether able to speak English, or if not, language spoken; occupation, industry, and class of worker; if an employee, whether out of work during year; literacy; school attendance; home owned or rented; if owned, whether mortgaged; whether farm or house; whether a survivor of Union or Confederate Army or Navy; whether blind or deaf and dumb.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1920:</strong> Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; if foreign born; year of immigration to the U.S, whether naturalized, and year of naturalization; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents; mother tongue of foreign born; ability to speak English; occupation, industry; and class of worker; home owned or rented; if owned, whether free or mortgaged.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1930:</strong> Address; name; relationship to family head; home owned or rented; value or monthly rental; radio set; whether on a farm; sex; race; age; marital status; age at first marriage; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents; if foreign born, language spoken in home before coming to U.S., year of immigration, whether naturalized, and ability to speak English; occupation, industry, and class of worker; whether at work previous day (or last regular working day); veteran status; for Indians, whether of full or mixed blood, and tribal affiliation. </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1940:</strong> Address; home owned or rented; value or monthly rental; whether on a farm; name; relationship to household head; sex, race; age; marital status; school attendance; educational attainment; birthplace; citizenship of foreign born; location of residence 5 years ago and whether on a farm; employment status; if at work, whether in private or non-emergency government work, or in public emergency work (WPA, CCC, NYA, etc.); if in private or non-emergency government work, hours worked in week; if seeking work or on public emergency work, duration of unemployment; occupation, industry, and class of worker; weeks worked last year; income last year.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1950:</strong> Address; whether house is on farm; name; relationship to household head; race; sex; age; marital status; birthplace; if foreign born, whether naturalized; employment status; hours worked in week; occupation, industry, and class of worker.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>1960 and 1970:</strong> Address; name; relationship to household head; sex; race; age; marital status.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1980:</strong> Address; name; household relationship; sex; race; age; marital status; Spanish/Hispanic origin or descent.</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">LAND RECORD VOCABULARY</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Patent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Grant of land by the State to an individual(s)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Patentee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . One who receives the patent </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Authorization for a survey</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Grantor or Warrantor . . . . . . Person conveying or selling property</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Survey. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Drawing of a tract of land </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Deed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Document transferring land from one person to another</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Quit Claim Deed . . . . . . . . . .Transfer of rights to property</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Quiet Claim Estate . . . . . . . . Action to clear title to real estate</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Articles of Agreement. . . . . . Contract between parties</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">(Information from Ancestors Winter 1998 &amp; MCC-OGS Volume 20-6 page 215)</span> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DID YOUR ANCESTOR IMMIGRATE, EMIGRATE OR MIGRATE?</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Three terms - <strong>"immigrate"</strong> <strong>"emigrate</strong>" and <strong>"migrate"</strong> are similar and easily confused. They all come the same Latin root word "migro" meaning "to move".</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>IMMIGRATE:</strong> to come <strong>TO</strong> a country or region, especially from a native land, for the purpose of settlement.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> EMIGRATE</strong>: to go <strong>FROM</strong> a country or section of a country to settle in another.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Emigrant trails led from the East to the unsettled regions of the West. </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MIGRATE:</strong> to change one's dwelling place, usually with the idea of repeated change, or periodical return; it applies to wandering tribes of men, and to many birds and animals. It also applies to large communal groups who left one area to go to another, such as church groups who went en masse to found a new settlement.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> "EMIGRATE"</strong> and <strong>"IMMIGRATE" </strong>carry the idea of permanent change of residence to some other country or some distant region; the two words are used distinctly of human beings, and apply to the same person and the same act, according to the side from which the action is viewed.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> A person <strong>"EMIGRATES"</strong> from the land he leaves and<strong> "MIGRATES"</strong> to the land where he takes up his abode.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Your ancestor <strong>EMIGRATES</strong> from Europe and <strong>IMMIGRATED</strong> to the USA. The processes of emigration and immigration created records that are valuable to the genealogist. In general, the number of records and the information in them usually increases as the emigration/immigration period becomes more recent.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Between 1876 and 1889, Ernest G. <strong>RAVENSTEIN</strong>, a native of GER, formulated and published the following "laws" regarding immigration, although he referred to them as "migration."</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">These theories still ring true and include many ideas, which will aid genealogists today.</span></p> <ul> <ul> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The majority of migrants go only a short distance.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Migration proceeds step by step.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Each current migration produces a counter current.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Females are more migratory within the country of their birth.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Most migrants are adults</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Migrants going long distances generally prefer large centers of commerce and industry.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> People of towns are less migratory than those of rural areas.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Migration increases as industries and commerce develop and transportation improves.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Large towns grow more by migration than by birth rates.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">The major direction of migration is from agricultural to industrial or commercial centers.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">The major cause of migration is economic.</span></li> </ul> </ul> <p> </p> </div> <div align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">(From: Fore Bear Pa's newsletter of the Shelby County, IN, Genealogical Society, Volume XI, No. I, February 2000 &amp; MCC_OGS Volume 20-4 page 192)</span></div> <div style="text-align: right;" align="left"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table></div> <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"> <div align="left"> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">ABBREVIATIONS:</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>a</strong>. . . .for about. <strong>abbrev</strong>. . .abbreviation or ted. <strong>acc.</strong> . .according to.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>acco</strong>. . . account<strong> accu</strong>. . . accurate<strong> adj</strong>. . .adjoining <strong>adm</strong>. . .admission or admitted </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>admin.</strong> . administration or tor. <strong>aft</strong>. . .after <strong>alleg</strong>. . .allegance <strong> ano</strong>. . .another </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>approx</strong>. . .approximately <strong>ar. co</strong> .. .artillery company <strong> ascert.</strong> . .ascertain or ained </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>b.</strong> . .born or birth <strong>bapt. . </strong>.baptized or sm. <strong>bec.</strong> . .because or became <strong>bef.</strong> . .before</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>bot.</strong> . .bought or bottom <strong>br.</strong> . .brother <strong> bur</strong>. . .buried <strong> capt.</strong> . .captain, captured or ivity</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>catal.</strong> . .catalogue <strong>ch.</strong> . .for child, children, or church<strong> clk. </strong>. .clerk <strong> Co</strong>. . .County</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Col.</strong> . .Colony or Colonel <strong> Coll</strong>. . .College or Collections <strong>comp.</strong> . .company</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>confer</strong>. . .conferred <strong> conject</strong>. . .conjecture <strong>cont.</strong> . .continued <strong>contr</strong>. . .contract</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>corp</strong>. . .corporal <strong>couns.</strong> . .counsellor <strong> cous</strong>. . .cousin <strong>coven.</strong> . .convenant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>ct</strong>. . .court <strong>d.</strong> . .died, death or daughter <strong> Dart</strong>. . .Dartmouth College <strong> deac</strong>. . .deacon</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>decis</strong>. . .decision <strong> degr</strong>. . .degree <strong> devis.</strong> . .devised <strong> discip.</strong> . .discipline</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>div</strong>. . .division or divided <strong>docum</strong>. . .document <strong>easi</strong>. . .for easily <strong>educ</strong>. . .deducation or ted </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Eng</strong>. . .England <strong>eno</strong>. . .enough <strong>ens.</strong> . .ensign <strong> ensu</strong>. . .ensuing <strong>est</strong>. . .estate</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>establ</strong>. . .establishment <strong> exc</strong>. . .except <strong> f </strong>. . .father <strong>fam</strong>. . .family</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>fidel</strong>. . .fidelity <strong>foll</strong>. . .following or ed. <strong>freem</strong>. . .freeman or en. <strong>giv</strong>. . .given or giving </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>gr</strong>. . .grand, great, grant or graduate <strong> G.f.</strong>. . .grandfather <strong>gr.mo</strong>. . .grandmother</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>gr.s.</strong> . grandson <strong>Hist</strong>. . .History<strong> hist</strong>. . .historian <strong>hon</strong>. . .honorable <strong>honor</strong>. . .honorary</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>honora</strong>. . .honorable <strong>ign</strong>. . .ignorant <strong>Ind</strong>. . .Indians <strong>inf.</strong> . .infant or informed</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>inhab</strong>. . .inhabitant <strong>inq.</strong> . .inquiry <strong>ins</strong>. . .insert <strong>inv</strong>. . .inventroy </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>judic</strong>. . .judicial or judicious <strong>k.</strong> . .killed or king <strong>kn.</strong> . .known <strong>Id.</strong> . .land</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>lieut</strong>. . .lieutenant <strong>liv.</strong> . .lived or ing. <strong> m.</strong> . .married or age<strong> maj.</strong> . .major<strong> mak</strong>. . .making</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>ment.</strong> . .mentioned <strong>milit.</strong> . .military <strong>min</strong>. . .minister <strong>nam</strong>. . .for named</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>N.E</strong>. . . New England <strong>not.</strong> . .noted <strong> o.</strong> . .oath <strong>O.E</strong>. . . Old England</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>offic</strong>. . .official <strong>oft</strong>. . .often <strong>ord</strong>. . .ordained <strong>orig</strong>. . .origin <strong>peo</strong>. . .people</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>petitn</strong>. . .petition <strong>preced</strong>. . .preceding <strong> pro</strong>. . .probate or proved <strong>prob.</strong> . .probable or ly</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>prop</strong>. . .property <strong> propound.</strong> . .propounded <strong>propr.</strong> . .proprietors or proprietor</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>provis</strong>. . .provision<strong> pub</strong>. . .public <strong> rat.</strong> . .rated <strong> rec.</strong> . .record <strong>rep.</strong> . report or representative</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>repud</strong>. . .repudiated <strong>respectiv.</strong> . .respectively<strong> s.</strong> . .son or sons <strong> scatt.</strong> . .for scattering or ed</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>sec</strong>. . .second <strong>serb</strong>. . .sergeant <strong>sett</strong>. . .settlers or settler <strong>serv</strong>. . .service or servant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>sh.</strong> . .share or ship <strong>sis</strong>. . .sister <strong> spell</strong>. . .spelling or ed. <strong> surg.</strong> . .surgeon</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>sw</strong>. . .swear or swore <strong>syl</strong>. . .syllable <strong>tak.</strong> . .taken <strong>tho. </strong>. .though <strong>thot</strong>. . .thought </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>thro.</strong> . .through <strong>transcr</strong>. . .transcribed <strong>unit.</strong> . .uniting or ed <strong>unm</strong>. . .unmarried </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>var</strong>. . .various or variation <strong>w</strong>. . .wife <strong>wh</strong>. . .who or which <strong>wks</strong>. . .weeks <strong>wid</strong>. . .widow</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>yr</strong>. . .year</span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">WHAT DO THOSE INITIALS MEAN??????</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Initials after your ancestor's names may provide useful information that you would not expect. The following list includes initials you may come across when reading old wills or other documents.</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">a.a.s. Died in the year of his/her age (anno aetitis suae)</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.s.p. Died without issue (decessit sine prole legitima)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.s.p.l. Died without legitimate issue (decessit sine prole mascula supersita)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.s.p.m.s. Died without surviving male issue (decessit sine prole supersita)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.s.p.s. Died without surviving issue (decessit sine prole supersita)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.unm Died unmarried</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.v.p. Died in the lifetime of his father (decessit vita patris)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> d.v.m. Died in the lifetime of his mother (decessit vita matris)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Et al And others (et alia)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Inst Present month (instans)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Liber Book or volume</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Nepos Grandson</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Nunc Nuncupative will, an oral will, written by a witness</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ob He/she died (obit)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Relict Widow or widower (relicta/relistus)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Sic So or thus, exact copy as written</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Testes Witnesses</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ult Late (ultimo)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ux or Vs Wife (uxor)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Viz Namely (videlicet) </span></p> <div align="center"> <p><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">HOW MANY RELATIVES DO YOU HAVE?</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">1 YOU</span></p> </div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 2 Parents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 4 Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 8 Great Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 16 GG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 32 GGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 64 GGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 128 GGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 256 GGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 512 GGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1,024 GGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 2,048 GGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 4,096 GGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 8,192 GGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 16,184 GGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 32,768 GGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 65,036 GGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 131,072 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 262,144 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 524,288 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1,444,576 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 2,097,152 GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Grandparents</span></p> <br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><strong>Is it any wonder that we spend so much time on genealogy? </strong></span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">From Pathways, Butler County, Chapter OGS Volume XVII, No. 4 - 1999</span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">INDEXES</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>I</strong> Investigate index system peculiar to each book or record. Read the explanatory note, which precedes the listing. Study the overall appearance.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>N</strong> Never give up! If the name isn't in the index and it should be, take the time to leaf through the book. No index is perfect.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>D </strong>Decipher with in the alphabet - some indexes are only partially indexed.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>E</strong> Explore all possible spelling variants and name changes.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>X</strong> Cross check for every common surnames on pages where less common names appear.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>E</strong> Examine for omissions. If the book is thick and the index short, only the most important names may be indexed.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>S</strong> See if there is only one index. Often there are two (grantors and grantees, brides and grooms) one more (church roster and cemeteries).</span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">RELATIONSHIP CHART</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">_____</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> 1 2 3 4 5 6_________</span></span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">1 Common Son or Grandson Gr Grandson 2<sup>nd</sup> Gr Grandson 3<sup>rd</sup> Gr Grandson</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ancestor Daughter or Daughter or Daughter or Daughter or Daughter</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">______________________________________________________________________________________________</span></p> <br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">2 Son or Siblings Nephew Grand Nephew Gr. Grand 2<sup>nd</sup> Gr. Grand</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Daughter Brother or or Niece or Niece Nephew or Nephew or </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Sister Niece Niece</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">______________________________________________________________________________________________</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">3. Grandson Nephew First First Cousin First Cousin First Cousin</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> or Daughter or Niece Cousin Once Removed Twice Removed Three Times Removed</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">______________________________________________________________________________________________</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">4. Great Grand First Cousin Second Second Cousin Second Cousin</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Grandson Nephew Once Cousin Once Twice</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> or Daughter Or Niece Removed Removed Removed</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">______________________________________________________________________________________________</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">2<sup>nd</sup> Great Great Grand First Cousin Second Third Third Cousin</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 5. Grandson or Nephew or Twice Cousin Once Cousin Once</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Granddaughter Niece Removed Removed Removed</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">______________________________________________________________________________________________</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">3<sup>rd</sup> Great 2<sup>nd</sup> Great First Cousin Third Fourth Fourth Cousin</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 6. Grandson or Grand Nephew Three Times Cousin Once Cousin Once</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Granddaughter Or Niece Removed Removed Removed</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">______________________________________________________________________________________________</span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">POPULATION CENSUS ITEMS</span></strong></span></div> <br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>1790-1980:</strong> includes supplemental schedules open to the public; excludes questions asked on a sample basis only</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1790:</strong> Name of family head; free white males of 16 years and up, free white males under 16; free white females; salves; other persons.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>1800:</strong> Name of family head; if white, age and sex; race; slaves</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>1810:</strong> Name of family head; if white, age and sex; race; slaves</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1820:</strong> Name of family head; age; sex; race; foreigners not naturalized; slaves; industry (agriculture, commerce, and manufactures)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1830:</strong> Name of family head; age; sex; race; slaves; deaf and dumb; blind; foreigners not naturalized</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1840:</strong> Name of family head; age; sex; race; slaves; number of deaf and dumb; number of blind; number of insane and idiotic and whether in public or private charge; number of persons in each family employed in each of six classes of industry and one of occupation; literacy; pensioners for Revolutionary or military service.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1850:</strong> Name; age; sex; race; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic; value of real estate; occupation; birthplace; whether married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether a pauper or convict.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Supplemental schedules for slaves; public paupers and criminals; person who died during the year.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1860:</strong> Name; age; sex; race; value of real estate; value of personal estate; occupation; birthplace; whether married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether deaf and dumb; blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict; number of slave houses.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Supplemental schedules for slaves; public paupers and criminals; persons who died during the year.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1870:</strong> Name; age; race; occupation; value of real estate; value of personal estate; birthplace; whether parents were foreign born; month of birth if born within the year; month of marriage if married within the year; school attendance; literacy; whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic; male citizens 21 and over, and number of such persons denied the right to vote for other than rebellion.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Supplemental schedules for persons who died during the year; paupers; prisoners.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1880:</strong> Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; month of birth if born within the census year; occupation; months unemployed during the year; sickness or temporary disability; whether blind, deaf and dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise disabled; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Supplemental schedules for the Indian population; for parents who died during the year; insane, idiots; deaf-mutes; blind; homeless children; prisoners; paupers and indigent person.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1890:</strong> General schedules - destroyed. Supplemental schedules for Union veterans of the Civil War and their widows.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1900:</strong> Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; number of years married; for women, number of children born and number now living; birthplace of person and parents; if foreign born, year of immigration and whether naturalized; occupation; months not employed; school attendance; literacy; ability to speak English; whether on a farm; home owned or rented and if owned, whether mortgaged.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1910:</strong> Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; number of years of present marriage; for women, number of children born and number now biving; birthplace and mother tongue of persons and parents; if foreign born, year of immigration, whether naturalized, and whether able to speak English, or if not, language spoken; occupation, industry, and class of worker; if an employee, whether out of work during year; literacy; school attendance; home owned or rented; if owned, whether mortgaged; whether farm or house; whether a survivor of Union or Confederate Army or Navy; whether blind or deaf and dumb.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1920:</strong> Address; name; relationship to family head; sex; race; age; marital status; if foreign born; year of immigration to the U.S, whether naturalized, and year of naturalization; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents; mother tongue of foreign born; ability to speak English; occupation, industry; and class of worker; home owned or rented; if owned, whether free or mortgaged.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1930:</strong> Address; name; relationship to family head; home owned or rented; value or monthly rental; radio set; whether on a farm; sex; race; age; marital status; age at first marriage; school attendance; literacy; birthplace of person and parents; if foreign born, language spoken in home before coming to U.S., year of immigration, whether naturalized, and ability to speak English; occupation, industry, and class of worker; whether at work previous day (or last regular working day); veteran status; for Indians, whether of full or mixed blood, and tribal affiliation. </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1940:</strong> Address; home owned or rented; value or monthly rental; whether on a farm; name; relationship to household head; sex, race; age; marital status; school attendance; educational attainment; birthplace; citizenship of foreign born; location of residence 5 years ago and whether on a farm; employment status; if at work, whether in private or non-emergency government work, or in public emergency work (WPA, CCC, NYA, etc.); if in private or non-emergency government work, hours worked in week; if seeking work or on public emergency work, duration of unemployment; occupation, industry, and class of worker; weeks worked last year; income last year.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1950:</strong> Address; whether house is on farm; name; relationship to household head; race; sex; age; marital status; birthplace; if foreign born, whether naturalized; employment status; hours worked in week; occupation, industry, and class of worker.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>1960 and 1970:</strong> Address; name; relationship to household head; sex; race; age; marital status.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> 1980:</strong> Address; name; household relationship; sex; race; age; marital status; Spanish/Hispanic origin or descent.</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">LAND RECORD VOCABULARY</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Patent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Grant of land by the State to an individual(s)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Patentee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . One who receives the patent </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Authorization for a survey</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Grantor or Warrantor . . . . . . Person conveying or selling property</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Survey. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Drawing of a tract of land </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Deed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Document transferring land from one person to another</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Quit Claim Deed . . . . . . . . . .Transfer of rights to property</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Quiet Claim Estate . . . . . . . . Action to clear title to real estate</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Articles of Agreement. . . . . . Contract between parties</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">(Information from Ancestors Winter 1998 &amp; MCC-OGS Volume 20-6 page 215)</span> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DID YOUR ANCESTOR IMMIGRATE, EMIGRATE OR MIGRATE?</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Three terms - <strong>"immigrate"</strong> <strong>"emigrate</strong>" and <strong>"migrate"</strong> are similar and easily confused. They all come the same Latin root word "migro" meaning "to move".</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>IMMIGRATE:</strong> to come <strong>TO</strong> a country or region, especially from a native land, for the purpose of settlement.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> EMIGRATE</strong>: to go <strong>FROM</strong> a country or section of a country to settle in another.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Emigrant trails led from the East to the unsettled regions of the West. </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MIGRATE:</strong> to change one's dwelling place, usually with the idea of repeated change, or periodical return; it applies to wandering tribes of men, and to many birds and animals. It also applies to large communal groups who left one area to go to another, such as church groups who went en masse to found a new settlement.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> "EMIGRATE"</strong> and <strong>"IMMIGRATE" </strong>carry the idea of permanent change of residence to some other country or some distant region; the two words are used distinctly of human beings, and apply to the same person and the same act, according to the side from which the action is viewed.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> A person <strong>"EMIGRATES"</strong> from the land he leaves and<strong> "MIGRATES"</strong> to the land where he takes up his abode.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Your ancestor <strong>EMIGRATES</strong> from Europe and <strong>IMMIGRATED</strong> to the USA. The processes of emigration and immigration created records that are valuable to the genealogist. In general, the number of records and the information in them usually increases as the emigration/immigration period becomes more recent.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Between 1876 and 1889, Ernest G. <strong>RAVENSTEIN</strong>, a native of GER, formulated and published the following "laws" regarding immigration, although he referred to them as "migration."</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">These theories still ring true and include many ideas, which will aid genealogists today.</span></p> <ul> <ul> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The majority of migrants go only a short distance.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Migration proceeds step by step.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Each current migration produces a counter current.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Females are more migratory within the country of their birth.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Most migrants are adults</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Migrants going long distances generally prefer large centers of commerce and industry.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> People of towns are less migratory than those of rural areas.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Migration increases as industries and commerce develop and transportation improves.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Large towns grow more by migration than by birth rates.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">The major direction of migration is from agricultural to industrial or commercial centers.</span></li> <li><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">The major cause of migration is economic.</span></li> </ul> </ul> <p> </p> </div> <div align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">(From: Fore Bear Pa's newsletter of the Shelby County, IN, Genealogical Society, Volume XI, No. I, February 2000 &amp; MCC_OGS Volume 20-4 page 192)</span></div> <div style="text-align: right;" align="left"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table></div> LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USE IN MILITARY SERVICES 2012-05-15T13:44:31+00:00 2012-05-15T13:44:31+00:00 http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/91-list-of-abbreviations-use-in-military-services Super User ppalmer@noguska.com <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=95"></a></span></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"> <div align="left"> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USE IN MILITARY SERVICES:</span></span></p> <br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>---</strong> UNKNOWN <strong>CS</strong> Civil Service</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>1Lt </strong> 1<sup>st</sup> Lieutenant <strong>CT</strong> Connecticut</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>2Lt </strong> 2nd.Lieutenant <strong>CtyLt </strong> County Lieutenant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>a </strong>Before (ante) <strong>Cu </strong> Cuba</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ade C ide-de-Camp <strong>d </strong>Died</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Adj </strong>Adjutant <strong>DC </strong> District of Columbia</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Adm </strong> Admiral <strong>DE </strong> Delaware</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>AdvGen </strong> Advocate General <strong>Dep</strong> Deputy</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>AF</strong> Africa <strong>DN</strong> Denmark</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>AL </strong>Alabama <strong>Dr </strong> Physician or Surgeon</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>AN </strong> Austria-Netherlands <strong> Drm</strong> Drummer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>AR</strong> Arkansas <strong> DrmMaj</strong> Drum Major</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Arfr </strong>Artificer <strong> EN</strong> England</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Armr </strong>Armorer <strong> Eng</strong> Engineer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Artl </strong>Artillery <strong>Ens</strong> Ensign</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Asst </strong> Assitant <strong> Eu</strong> Europe</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>b </strong>born <strong> FA</strong> French America </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Bbd </strong> Bombardier <strong> Fif</strong> Fifer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Bgd</strong> Brigadier <strong>FifMaj </strong> Fife major </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>BgdMaj</strong> Brigade Major <strong>FL</strong> Florida</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Bgen</strong> Brigadier General <strong>FR</strong> France</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>BM</strong> Bermuda <strong>FrA</strong> French Army</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Bosn</strong> Boatswain <strong>FrN </strong> French Navy</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>bpt</strong> baptized <strong>GA</strong> Georiga</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>BR</strong> Brazil <strong>GC </strong> Greece </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Btm</strong> Boatman <strong>Gen</strong> General</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>c</strong> circa <strong>Gnr </strong> Gunner</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cadet</strong> Cadet <strong> GR</strong> Germany</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Capt</strong> Captain <strong>Grd </strong> Guard</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>CaptLt</strong> Captain Lieutenant <strong>Grl</strong> Guerilla</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cav </strong> Cavalry <strong>HL</strong> Holland</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>CD</strong> Canada <strong>HPNS</strong> Heirs Pensioned </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cdr</strong> Commander <strong>HU </strong> Hungary </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>CE</strong> Central America <strong>IA </strong> Iowa</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>CG</strong> Coast Guard <strong>ID</strong> Idaho</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Chp</strong> Chaplain <strong>IL</strong> Kaskaskia Campaing </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cl</strong> Continental Line (In now Illinois)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Clerk </strong> Clerk <strong>IN</strong> Indiana (at Vincennes)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cmdt </strong> Commandant <strong>IR </strong> Ireland</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cmman </strong> Court Martial man <strong>IT </strong> Italy</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>CmOf</strong> Court Martial Officer <strong>KY </strong> Kentucky</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cmsry </strong> Commissary <strong>LA</strong> Louisiana (Galvez Expedition)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>CN</strong> Continental Navy </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cnt</strong> Cornet <strong> Lcol </strong> Lieutenant Colonel</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Col </strong> Colonel <strong> Lgen</strong> Lieutenant General </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Commo </strong> Commodore <strong>Lnm</strong> Landsman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Cpl</strong> Corporal <strong> Lt </strong> Lieutenant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> CPNS </strong>Soldier's Children <strong>LtCmdt</strong> Lieutenant Commandant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> m</strong> married <strong>QMGen</strong> Quartermaster General</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MA </strong> Massachusetts <strong> QMSgt</strong> Quartermaster Sergeant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Maj </strong>Major <strong>Mar</strong> Marines </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Matr</strong> Matross <strong> Ri </strong>Rhode Island</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>MD </strong> Maryland <strong>Ro</strong> Recruiting Officer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>ME </strong> Maine <strong> Ru</strong> Russia</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Mgen </strong> Major General <strong>SA</strong> Spanish America</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MO </strong> Missouri <strong>Sgt </strong>Sergeant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MI </strong>Michigan <strong> SC </strong> South Carolina</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Mid </strong> Midshipman <strong>Sct </strong> Scout</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Mil</strong> Militia <strong>SDI </strong> Signer of Declaration of </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MM </strong> Minute Man Independence</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MN</strong> Minnesota <strong>SeaCap</strong> Sea Captain</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Mrnr</strong> Mariner <strong> Slr</strong> Sailor</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MS</strong> Mississippi <strong>SI </strong> Sandwich Islands</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Mstr</strong> Master of a ship <strong> SM</strong> South America</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Mte </strong>Mate on a ship <strong>Smn </strong> Seaman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Mus</strong> Musician <strong>SN </strong> Sweden </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>MX </strong> Mexico <strong>Sol</strong> Soldier </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>N </strong> Navy</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>NC</strong> North Carolina <strong>SP </strong> Spain</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>NH</strong> New Hampshire <strong>Spy </strong> Spy</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>NJ</strong> New Jersey <strong>SrgnMte</strong> Surgeon's Mate</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Noncom</strong> Non Commissioned <strong>ST </strong> Scotland</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Officer <strong>StaffOf</strong> Staff Officer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> NS </strong>Naval Service <strong>Stl</strong> Sentinel</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> NY </strong>New York <strong>SurGen</strong> The Surgeon General</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Of</strong> Officer (rank unknown) <strong>SW</strong> Switzerland</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>OH</strong> Ohio <strong>Tms</strong> Teamster</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>OK </strong>Oklahoma <strong>TN </strong> Tennessee</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Ordl </strong>Orderly <strong>Trm</strong> Trumpeteer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>OrdlSgt </strong>Orderly Sergeant <strong>TX</strong> Texas </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>P </strong>after (post) <strong>VA</strong> Virginia</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>PA </strong>Pennsylvania <strong>VI</strong> Virgin Islands</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Pilot </strong>River Pilot <strong>Vol</strong> Volunteer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>PL </strong>Poland <strong>VT</strong> Vermont</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>PM </strong>Paymaster <strong>WE</strong> West Indies</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>PNSR </strong> Soldier Pensioned <strong> Wgm</strong> Wagon Master</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>PR </strong>Puerto Rico <strong>Wgn</strong> Wagoneer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>PS </strong>Patriotic Service <strong>WL</strong> Wales </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Pvt </strong>Private <strong>WPNS</strong> Widow Pensioned</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Pvtr </strong>Privateer <strong>Wtr</strong> Waiter</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>QM </strong>Quartermaster <strong>X</strong> unknown</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>CS:</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> means Civil Service, that is: the holding of a Civil Office such as: Constable; Jailor; Justice of Peace; Moderator; Ordinary; Selectman; Sheriff; Surveyor of Highways; Tax Collector; Town Clerk; Town Treasurer; etc.</span><br /> <br /> <span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>PS</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>:</strong> means Patriotic Service, such as: An Associator; Collector of Provisions; Defender of Fort or Frontier; Delegate to a Continental Congress or to a Provincial Congress; Express Rider; Fence Viewer; Furnishing a substitute; Gunsmith who gave his services; Inspector of provisions; Legislator; Member of the Boston Tea Party, or the Cherokee Expedition, or the Galvez Expedition, or the Kaskaskia Campaign; Member of a Committee made necessary by the War; Minister who made patriotic sermons; Munitions maker; Nurse; Taking an Oath of Allegiance; Patroller; Prisoner of War or of the Indians; Ranger; Refugee; Rendering aid to the wounded; Rendering material aid; Signer of a petition or a non=importation agreement; Surgeon; Wheelwright.</span><br /> <br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-size: xx-small;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Military Ranks of the Revolutionary Period</span></span></div> <p align="center"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> (Listed in descending order)</span></p> <p><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> ARMY</span></strong></span><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> NAVY</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">General Captain Admiral</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Lieutenant General Captain Lieutenant Vice-Admiral</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Major General 1<sup>st</sup> Lieutenant Rear-Admiral</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Brigadier General 2<sup>nd</sup> Lieutenant Commodore</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Colonel Ensign Captain</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">County Lieutenant Cornet Lieutenant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Lieutenant Colonel Sergeant Midshipman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Major Corporal Seaman</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">CIVIL WAR BATTLES</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ever wonder how Civil War battles were named? Seems the Union Army named battles after bodies of water in that area, and the Confederate Army named them after road junctions, landmarks and towns.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Bays, creeks, lakes and the like were nothing new to the mostly rural dwelling Southerners, but urban landmarks were novel to them. The opposite was true to the Northerners, pointing up once again a major difference between the urban North and the rural South.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> For example, the <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Battle of Shiloh Meeting House</span> and the <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Battle of Pittsburgh Landing</span> are "one and the same battle". So are the <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Battle of Sharpsburg (town)</span> and <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Antietam (Creek)</span> and <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Battles of</span> <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Manassas (Town)</span> and <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Bull Run (Creek)</span>.</span></p> <br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">From Wyandot Tracers OGC and several other newsletters.</span><br /> <br /> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">IN WHICH WAR COULD YOUR ANCESTOR HAVE SERVED?</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> IF BORN ABOUT NAME OF THE WAR WAR DATES</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1626 - 1656 Bacon's Rebellion 1676</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1639 - 1743 Inter-colonial Wars 1689 - 1763</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1704 - 1743 French &amp; Indian Wars 1754 - 1763</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1713 - 143 Pontiac's Rebellion 1763 - 1765</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1720 - 1763 American revolution 1775 - 1783</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1740 - 1786 Indian Wars 1790 - 1811</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1762 - 1794 War of 1812 1812 - 1815</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1762 - 1812 Blackhawk War 1832</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1790 - 1820 Seminole Indian War 1840 - 1841</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1796 - 1828 Mexican War 1846 - 1848</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1806 - 1849 Civil War 1861 - 1865</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1848 - 1880 Spanish-American War 1898</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1848 - 1880 Philippine Insurrection 1899 - 1902</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1867 - 1900 World War I 1917 - 1918</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1900 - 1927 World War II 1941 - 1945</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1900 - 1930 Korean War 1950 - 1953</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1940 - 1955 Vietnam Conflict 1965 - 1973</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">CIVIL WAR (1861 - 1865) RESEARCH TIPS</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">From MCC - OGS Volume 20 -6 Page 216</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Do you have an ancestor who was of military age at any time during the Civil War? Check all men who were born between 1794-1853. "Military age" meant old enough to fight, serve in supply lines, etc. (age 12 by 1865)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> To find the military records of your ancestor, you will need to know the following:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * the state from which he served,</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * the regiment, and </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * the company</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Some important items to consider:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Some joined in neighboring states be in the same unit as their relatives.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * The length of service varied from 3 months to 3 years.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Many re-enlisted serving in more than one regiment.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Mustering in points were at select locations and not in the home town.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Did your soldier fight on the Union side or the Confederate side (AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX, VA)? Some changed sides and fought on both!</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> How do you find this information? First check local sources for your soldier.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Bible records, gravestone inscriptions, cemetery records, courthouse records, Genealogical &amp; Historical Societies, and Obituaries.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Special plaques of patriotic organizations were often placed near the graves of veterans. (Many Union veterans were members of the Grand Army of the republic, while in the Southern states a similar organization was the United States Confederate Veterans).</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * County histories often carry details of military units raised in their area along with rosters of men who served from the locality. The 1860 Census can help you determine the state from which he served.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * The 1890 Census of Union Army &amp; Navy veterans and widow list name, rank, company, regiment or vessel, dates of enlistment &amp; discharge, length of service, residence, disability, and remarks. (National Archives M123 or FHLC film #59376).</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * The 1910 Census asked if the individual was a survivor of the Union Army or the Union Navy. Some states had special censuses listing veterans and most have state rosters of veterans.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Second, check indexes. Check the state index to find a soldier's service record. They are available for every Northern state and every Southern state except South Carolina. In addition, some states have filmed the complied service records. Search the locality section of the FHLC to find the FHL film numbers:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> [State] - Military Records - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Indexes (for the index)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> [State] - Military Records - Civil War, 1861-1865 - (for the service record)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> To find a soldier's pension record, you will need the General Index to Pension Files, 1861 -1934. (National Archives Film T288 or FHLC computer number 145945). Search the locality section of the FHLC to find the specific numbers you need under:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> United States - Military Records - Pensions - Indexes</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Union soldiers received a government pension and Confederate soldiers received a state pension. </span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DATES OF IMPORTANT REVOLUTIONARY </span></strong></span></div> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> WAR PENSION ACTS &amp; RESOLUTIONS</span></strong></span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">08-28-1775</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">: </span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>INVALID PENSIONS</strong> </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">for Officers &amp; Soldiers, ½ pay during period of Disability</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Cont. Line 1813 </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">05-24-1780</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">: </span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Widows and Orphans</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> of Officers of Continental Army, ½ pay for 7 yrs. -</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Rescinded 7-29-1789<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">01-21-1780: </span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>SERVICE PENSION FOR LIFE</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> for Officers of Continental Army only - </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Rescinded 8-4-1790<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">07-28-1789: </span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ASSUMES STATE INVALID PENSIONS</strong> -</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Continental Line Service</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">03-03-1804</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">:</span> </span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ASSUMES ALL OF S.C. INVALID PENSIONS</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Continental Line Service<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">03-03-1805:</span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>INVALID PENSIONS TO THOSE DISABLED SINCE THE WAR FOR</strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>WOUNDS INCURRED DURING THE WAR</strong></span><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"> - </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Continental Line Service </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">04-10-1808: </span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>INVALID PENSIONS EXTENDED TO VOLUNTEERS</strong>, </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Militia and State Troops<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">03-18-1818: </span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>SERVICE PENSION FOR "Cont. Establish "T" - Act of 1820</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Removed Many<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> 05-15-1828: </span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>SERVICE PENSION FOR OFFICERS &amp; SOLDIERS, ELIGIBLE FOR</strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>PENSION</strong> <strong>UNDER RESOLUTION</strong> </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">of 10-21-1780 - Full Pay for Life<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> 06-07-1832: </span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>1<sup>ST</sup> SERVICE PENSIONS FOR ALL REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS &amp;</strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>SAILORS</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> - Continental &amp; State<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>WIDOWS AND ORPHANS</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> </strong>entitled to Balance of Money due a Pensioner</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">07-04-1836:</span> </strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>WIDOWS PENSION</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> for Widow of Revolutionary Soldier, on Pension rolls of 1828, who were married during last term of his service, or before </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 11-03-1783<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">07-07-1836:</span> </strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>PENSION FOR WIDOW IF MARRIED BEFORE</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 01-01-1794<strong></strong></span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">03-03-1837:</span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>REVOLUTIONARY WIDOW</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> entitled to Pension, even tho she remarried, if now widowed</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">02-03-1853:</span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>REVOLUTIONARY WIDOW</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> entitled to Pension, regardless of date of Marriage</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">04-05-1869:</span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>DANIEL F. BAKEMAN LAST REVOLUTIONARY PENSIONER DIED</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">11-11-1906:</span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>ESTHER S. DAMON, LAST PENSIONED REVOLUTIONARY WIDOW DIED</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> "<strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">PENSION APPLICATIONS PRIOR TO 1813 WERE DESTROYED BY FIRE</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">"</span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">NOTES OF INTERESTS FOR CIVIL WAR RESEARCH</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> There are a plethora of Civil War resources available in Montgomery County, including:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1. The Dayton/Montgomery County Library, Ohio</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 2. The Green County Library, Ohio</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 3. Wright State University, Ohio</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 4. The Cincinnati/Hamilton County Library, Ohio</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 5. Fort Wayne, Allen County Library, Indiana</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 6. Several Branch Libraries of the Family History Libraries: Fairborn, Findlay, Perrysburg, Shiloh Springs Road near Hara Arena and etc.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> A tremendous and very inexpensive resource is the Source Guide available from the LDS Church on their web site <a href="https://familysearch.org/">www.familysearch.org</a> . This guide is a CD that has all state research guides available and how to get them. It is well worth the $5. </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">(Information found in MCC-OGS Newsletter on page 216 Volume 20-6)</span></p> <br /> <strong></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> <p> </p> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p></div> <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=95"></a></span></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"> <div align="left"> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USE IN MILITARY SERVICES:</span></span></p> <br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>---</strong> UNKNOWN <strong>CS</strong> Civil Service</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>1Lt </strong> 1<sup>st</sup> Lieutenant <strong>CT</strong> Connecticut</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>2Lt </strong> 2nd.Lieutenant <strong>CtyLt </strong> County Lieutenant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>a </strong>Before (ante) <strong>Cu </strong> Cuba</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ade C ide-de-Camp <strong>d </strong>Died</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Adj </strong>Adjutant <strong>DC </strong> District of Columbia</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Adm </strong> Admiral <strong>DE </strong> Delaware</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>AdvGen </strong> Advocate General <strong>Dep</strong> Deputy</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>AF</strong> Africa <strong>DN</strong> Denmark</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>AL </strong>Alabama <strong>Dr </strong> Physician or Surgeon</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>AN </strong> Austria-Netherlands <strong> Drm</strong> Drummer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>AR</strong> Arkansas <strong> DrmMaj</strong> Drum Major</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Arfr </strong>Artificer <strong> EN</strong> England</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Armr </strong>Armorer <strong> Eng</strong> Engineer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Artl </strong>Artillery <strong>Ens</strong> Ensign</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Asst </strong> Assitant <strong> Eu</strong> Europe</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>b </strong>born <strong> FA</strong> French America </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Bbd </strong> Bombardier <strong> Fif</strong> Fifer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Bgd</strong> Brigadier <strong>FifMaj </strong> Fife major </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>BgdMaj</strong> Brigade Major <strong>FL</strong> Florida</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Bgen</strong> Brigadier General <strong>FR</strong> France</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>BM</strong> Bermuda <strong>FrA</strong> French Army</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Bosn</strong> Boatswain <strong>FrN </strong> French Navy</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>bpt</strong> baptized <strong>GA</strong> Georiga</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>BR</strong> Brazil <strong>GC </strong> Greece </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Btm</strong> Boatman <strong>Gen</strong> General</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>c</strong> circa <strong>Gnr </strong> Gunner</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cadet</strong> Cadet <strong> GR</strong> Germany</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Capt</strong> Captain <strong>Grd </strong> Guard</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>CaptLt</strong> Captain Lieutenant <strong>Grl</strong> Guerilla</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cav </strong> Cavalry <strong>HL</strong> Holland</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>CD</strong> Canada <strong>HPNS</strong> Heirs Pensioned </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cdr</strong> Commander <strong>HU </strong> Hungary </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>CE</strong> Central America <strong>IA </strong> Iowa</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>CG</strong> Coast Guard <strong>ID</strong> Idaho</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Chp</strong> Chaplain <strong>IL</strong> Kaskaskia Campaing </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cl</strong> Continental Line (In now Illinois)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Clerk </strong> Clerk <strong>IN</strong> Indiana (at Vincennes)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cmdt </strong> Commandant <strong>IR </strong> Ireland</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cmman </strong> Court Martial man <strong>IT </strong> Italy</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>CmOf</strong> Court Martial Officer <strong>KY </strong> Kentucky</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cmsry </strong> Commissary <strong>LA</strong> Louisiana (Galvez Expedition)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>CN</strong> Continental Navy </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Cnt</strong> Cornet <strong> Lcol </strong> Lieutenant Colonel</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Col </strong> Colonel <strong> Lgen</strong> Lieutenant General </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Commo </strong> Commodore <strong>Lnm</strong> Landsman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Cpl</strong> Corporal <strong> Lt </strong> Lieutenant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> CPNS </strong>Soldier's Children <strong>LtCmdt</strong> Lieutenant Commandant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> m</strong> married <strong>QMGen</strong> Quartermaster General</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MA </strong> Massachusetts <strong> QMSgt</strong> Quartermaster Sergeant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Maj </strong>Major <strong>Mar</strong> Marines </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Matr</strong> Matross <strong> Ri </strong>Rhode Island</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>MD </strong> Maryland <strong>Ro</strong> Recruiting Officer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>ME </strong> Maine <strong> Ru</strong> Russia</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Mgen </strong> Major General <strong>SA</strong> Spanish America</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MO </strong> Missouri <strong>Sgt </strong>Sergeant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MI </strong>Michigan <strong> SC </strong> South Carolina</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Mid </strong> Midshipman <strong>Sct </strong> Scout</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Mil</strong> Militia <strong>SDI </strong> Signer of Declaration of </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MM </strong> Minute Man Independence</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MN</strong> Minnesota <strong>SeaCap</strong> Sea Captain</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Mrnr</strong> Mariner <strong> Slr</strong> Sailor</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> MS</strong> Mississippi <strong>SI </strong> Sandwich Islands</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Mstr</strong> Master of a ship <strong> SM</strong> South America</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Mte </strong>Mate on a ship <strong>Smn </strong> Seaman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Mus</strong> Musician <strong>SN </strong> Sweden </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>MX </strong> Mexico <strong>Sol</strong> Soldier </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>N </strong> Navy</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>NC</strong> North Carolina <strong>SP </strong> Spain</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>NH</strong> New Hampshire <strong>Spy </strong> Spy</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>NJ</strong> New Jersey <strong>SrgnMte</strong> Surgeon's Mate</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Noncom</strong> Non Commissioned <strong>ST </strong> Scotland</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Officer <strong>StaffOf</strong> Staff Officer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> NS </strong>Naval Service <strong>Stl</strong> Sentinel</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> NY </strong>New York <strong>SurGen</strong> The Surgeon General</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Of</strong> Officer (rank unknown) <strong>SW</strong> Switzerland</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>OH</strong> Ohio <strong>Tms</strong> Teamster</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>OK </strong>Oklahoma <strong>TN </strong> Tennessee</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Ordl </strong>Orderly <strong>Trm</strong> Trumpeteer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>OrdlSgt </strong>Orderly Sergeant <strong>TX</strong> Texas </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>P </strong>after (post) <strong>VA</strong> Virginia</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>PA </strong>Pennsylvania <strong>VI</strong> Virgin Islands</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Pilot </strong>River Pilot <strong>Vol</strong> Volunteer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>PL </strong>Poland <strong>VT</strong> Vermont</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>PM </strong>Paymaster <strong>WE</strong> West Indies</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>PNSR </strong> Soldier Pensioned <strong> Wgm</strong> Wagon Master</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>PR </strong>Puerto Rico <strong>Wgn</strong> Wagoneer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>PS </strong>Patriotic Service <strong>WL</strong> Wales </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Pvt </strong>Private <strong>WPNS</strong> Widow Pensioned</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Pvtr </strong>Privateer <strong>Wtr</strong> Waiter</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>QM </strong>Quartermaster <strong>X</strong> unknown</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>CS:</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> means Civil Service, that is: the holding of a Civil Office such as: Constable; Jailor; Justice of Peace; Moderator; Ordinary; Selectman; Sheriff; Surveyor of Highways; Tax Collector; Town Clerk; Town Treasurer; etc.</span><br /> <br /> <span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>PS</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>:</strong> means Patriotic Service, such as: An Associator; Collector of Provisions; Defender of Fort or Frontier; Delegate to a Continental Congress or to a Provincial Congress; Express Rider; Fence Viewer; Furnishing a substitute; Gunsmith who gave his services; Inspector of provisions; Legislator; Member of the Boston Tea Party, or the Cherokee Expedition, or the Galvez Expedition, or the Kaskaskia Campaign; Member of a Committee made necessary by the War; Minister who made patriotic sermons; Munitions maker; Nurse; Taking an Oath of Allegiance; Patroller; Prisoner of War or of the Indians; Ranger; Refugee; Rendering aid to the wounded; Rendering material aid; Signer of a petition or a non=importation agreement; Surgeon; Wheelwright.</span><br /> <br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-size: xx-small;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Military Ranks of the Revolutionary Period</span></span></div> <p align="center"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> (Listed in descending order)</span></p> <p><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> ARMY</span></strong></span><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> NAVY</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">General Captain Admiral</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Lieutenant General Captain Lieutenant Vice-Admiral</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Major General 1<sup>st</sup> Lieutenant Rear-Admiral</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Brigadier General 2<sup>nd</sup> Lieutenant Commodore</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Colonel Ensign Captain</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">County Lieutenant Cornet Lieutenant</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Lieutenant Colonel Sergeant Midshipman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Major Corporal Seaman</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">CIVIL WAR BATTLES</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Ever wonder how Civil War battles were named? Seems the Union Army named battles after bodies of water in that area, and the Confederate Army named them after road junctions, landmarks and towns.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Bays, creeks, lakes and the like were nothing new to the mostly rural dwelling Southerners, but urban landmarks were novel to them. The opposite was true to the Northerners, pointing up once again a major difference between the urban North and the rural South.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> For example, the <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Battle of Shiloh Meeting House</span> and the <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Battle of Pittsburgh Landing</span> are "one and the same battle". So are the <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Battle of Sharpsburg (town)</span> and <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Antietam (Creek)</span> and <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Battles of</span> <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Manassas (Town)</span> and <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Bull Run (Creek)</span>.</span></p> <br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">From Wyandot Tracers OGC and several other newsletters.</span><br /> <br /> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">IN WHICH WAR COULD YOUR ANCESTOR HAVE SERVED?</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> IF BORN ABOUT NAME OF THE WAR WAR DATES</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1626 - 1656 Bacon's Rebellion 1676</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1639 - 1743 Inter-colonial Wars 1689 - 1763</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1704 - 1743 French &amp; Indian Wars 1754 - 1763</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1713 - 143 Pontiac's Rebellion 1763 - 1765</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1720 - 1763 American revolution 1775 - 1783</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1740 - 1786 Indian Wars 1790 - 1811</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1762 - 1794 War of 1812 1812 - 1815</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1762 - 1812 Blackhawk War 1832</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1790 - 1820 Seminole Indian War 1840 - 1841</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1796 - 1828 Mexican War 1846 - 1848</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1806 - 1849 Civil War 1861 - 1865</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1848 - 1880 Spanish-American War 1898</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1848 - 1880 Philippine Insurrection 1899 - 1902</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1867 - 1900 World War I 1917 - 1918</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1900 - 1927 World War II 1941 - 1945</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1900 - 1930 Korean War 1950 - 1953</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1940 - 1955 Vietnam Conflict 1965 - 1973</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">CIVIL WAR (1861 - 1865) RESEARCH TIPS</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">From MCC - OGS Volume 20 -6 Page 216</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Do you have an ancestor who was of military age at any time during the Civil War? Check all men who were born between 1794-1853. "Military age" meant old enough to fight, serve in supply lines, etc. (age 12 by 1865)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> To find the military records of your ancestor, you will need to know the following:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * the state from which he served,</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * the regiment, and </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * the company</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Some important items to consider:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Some joined in neighboring states be in the same unit as their relatives.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * The length of service varied from 3 months to 3 years.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Many re-enlisted serving in more than one regiment.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Mustering in points were at select locations and not in the home town.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Did your soldier fight on the Union side or the Confederate side (AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX, VA)? Some changed sides and fought on both!</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> How do you find this information? First check local sources for your soldier.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Bible records, gravestone inscriptions, cemetery records, courthouse records, Genealogical &amp; Historical Societies, and Obituaries.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Special plaques of patriotic organizations were often placed near the graves of veterans. (Many Union veterans were members of the Grand Army of the republic, while in the Southern states a similar organization was the United States Confederate Veterans).</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * County histories often carry details of military units raised in their area along with rosters of men who served from the locality. The 1860 Census can help you determine the state from which he served.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * The 1890 Census of Union Army &amp; Navy veterans and widow list name, rank, company, regiment or vessel, dates of enlistment &amp; discharge, length of service, residence, disability, and remarks. (National Archives M123 or FHLC film #59376).</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * The 1910 Census asked if the individual was a survivor of the Union Army or the Union Navy. Some states had special censuses listing veterans and most have state rosters of veterans.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Second, check indexes. Check the state index to find a soldier's service record. They are available for every Northern state and every Southern state except South Carolina. In addition, some states have filmed the complied service records. Search the locality section of the FHLC to find the FHL film numbers:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> [State] - Military Records - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Indexes (for the index)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> [State] - Military Records - Civil War, 1861-1865 - (for the service record)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> To find a soldier's pension record, you will need the General Index to Pension Files, 1861 -1934. (National Archives Film T288 or FHLC computer number 145945). Search the locality section of the FHLC to find the specific numbers you need under:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> United States - Military Records - Pensions - Indexes</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Union soldiers received a government pension and Confederate soldiers received a state pension. </span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DATES OF IMPORTANT REVOLUTIONARY </span></strong></span></div> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> WAR PENSION ACTS &amp; RESOLUTIONS</span></strong></span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">08-28-1775</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">: </span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>INVALID PENSIONS</strong> </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">for Officers &amp; Soldiers, ½ pay during period of Disability</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Cont. Line 1813 </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">05-24-1780</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">: </span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Widows and Orphans</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> of Officers of Continental Army, ½ pay for 7 yrs. -</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Rescinded 7-29-1789<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">01-21-1780: </span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>SERVICE PENSION FOR LIFE</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> for Officers of Continental Army only - </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Rescinded 8-4-1790<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">07-28-1789: </span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ASSUMES STATE INVALID PENSIONS</strong> -</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Continental Line Service</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">03-03-1804</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">:</span> </span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ASSUMES ALL OF S.C. INVALID PENSIONS</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Continental Line Service<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">03-03-1805:</span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>INVALID PENSIONS TO THOSE DISABLED SINCE THE WAR FOR</strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>WOUNDS INCURRED DURING THE WAR</strong></span><span style="color: #0000ff; font-family: Times New Roman;"> - </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Continental Line Service </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">04-10-1808: </span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>INVALID PENSIONS EXTENDED TO VOLUNTEERS</strong>, </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Militia and State Troops<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">03-18-1818: </span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>SERVICE PENSION FOR "Cont. Establish "T" - Act of 1820</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Removed Many<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> 05-15-1828: </span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>SERVICE PENSION FOR OFFICERS &amp; SOLDIERS, ELIGIBLE FOR</strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>PENSION</strong> <strong>UNDER RESOLUTION</strong> </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">of 10-21-1780 - Full Pay for Life<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> 06-07-1832: </span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>1<sup>ST</sup> SERVICE PENSIONS FOR ALL REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS &amp;</strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>SAILORS</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> - Continental &amp; State<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>WIDOWS AND ORPHANS</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> </strong>entitled to Balance of Money due a Pensioner</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">07-04-1836:</span> </strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>WIDOWS PENSION</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> for Widow of Revolutionary Soldier, on Pension rolls of 1828, who were married during last term of his service, or before </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 11-03-1783<strong></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">07-07-1836:</span> </strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>PENSION FOR WIDOW IF MARRIED BEFORE</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 01-01-1794<strong></strong></span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">03-03-1837:</span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>REVOLUTIONARY WIDOW</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> entitled to Pension, even tho she remarried, if now widowed</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">02-03-1853:</span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>REVOLUTIONARY WIDOW</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> entitled to Pension, regardless of date of Marriage</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">04-05-1869:</span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>DANIEL F. BAKEMAN LAST REVOLUTIONARY PENSIONER DIED</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">11-11-1906:</span></strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>ESTHER S. DAMON, LAST PENSIONED REVOLUTIONARY WIDOW DIED</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> "<strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">PENSION APPLICATIONS PRIOR TO 1813 WERE DESTROYED BY FIRE</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">"</span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">NOTES OF INTERESTS FOR CIVIL WAR RESEARCH</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> There are a plethora of Civil War resources available in Montgomery County, including:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1. The Dayton/Montgomery County Library, Ohio</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 2. The Green County Library, Ohio</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 3. Wright State University, Ohio</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 4. The Cincinnati/Hamilton County Library, Ohio</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 5. Fort Wayne, Allen County Library, Indiana</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 6. Several Branch Libraries of the Family History Libraries: Fairborn, Findlay, Perrysburg, Shiloh Springs Road near Hara Arena and etc.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> A tremendous and very inexpensive resource is the Source Guide available from the LDS Church on their web site <a href="https://familysearch.org/">www.familysearch.org</a> . This guide is a CD that has all state research guides available and how to get them. It is well worth the $5. </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">(Information found in MCC-OGS Newsletter on page 216 Volume 20-6)</span></p> <br /> <strong></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> <p> </p> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p></div> OCCUPATIONS 2012-05-15T13:45:54+00:00 2012-05-15T13:45:54+00:00 http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/92-occupations Super User ppalmer@noguska.com <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=95"></a></span></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div align="left"> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">OCCUPATIONS</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> THIS IS A LISTING OF OLD OCCUPATION AND THEIR MEANINGS</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">(information from: <a href=""></a></span></p> <br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Acccomptant</strong> - Accountant </span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Almoner</strong> - Giver of charity to the needy</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Amanuensis</strong> - Secretary or stenographer </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Artificer</strong> - A soldier mechanic who does repair</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Bailie</strong> - Bailiff </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Baxter</strong> - Baker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Bluestocking</strong> - Female writer </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Boniface</strong> - Keeper of an inn</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Brazier</strong> - One who works with brass </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Brewster </strong>- Beer manufacturer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Brightsmith</strong> - Metal worker </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Burgonmster</strong> - Mayor</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Caulker</strong> - One who filled up cracks in ships and windows or seems to make them watertight by using tar or oakum-hem fiber produced by taking old ropes apart.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Chaisemaker</strong> - Carriage maker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Chandler</strong> - Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries, ship supplier</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Chiffonnier</strong> - Wig Maker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Clark</strong> - Clerk</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Clerk</strong> - Clergyman, cleric</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Clicker</strong> - The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Cohen</strong> - Priest</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Collier</strong> - Coal Miner</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Colporteur</strong> - Peddler of books</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Cooper</strong> - One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves and hoops, such as caks, barrels, tubs, etc.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Cordwainer</strong> - Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Costermonger</strong> - Peddler of fruits and vegetables</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Crocker</strong> - Potter</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Crowner</strong> - Coroner</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Currier</strong> - One who dresses the coat of a horse with a curry comb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Docker </strong>- Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Dowser</strong> - One who finds water using a rod or witching stick</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Draper</strong> - a dealer in dry goods</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Drayman </strong>- One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Dresser</strong> - A surgeon's assistant in a hospital</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Drover </strong>- One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Duffer</strong> - Peddler</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Factor</strong> - Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Farrier</strong> - A blacksmith, one who shoes horses</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Faulkner</strong> - Falconer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Fell Monger</strong> - One who removed hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Fletcher </strong>- One who made bows and arrows</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Fuller</strong> - One who fulls cloth; one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Gaoler</strong> - A keeper of the goal, a jailer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Glazier</strong> - Window Glassman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hacker</strong> - Maker of hoes</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hatcher</strong> - One who combed out or carded flax</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Haymonger</strong> - Dealer in Hay</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hayward</strong> - Keeper of fences</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Higgler</strong> - Itinerant peddler</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hillier</strong> - Roof tiler</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hing</strong> - A farm Laborer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Holster</strong> - a groom who took care of horses, often at an inn</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hooker</strong> - Reaper </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hooper</strong> - One who made hoops for casks and barrels</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Huckster</strong> - Sells small wares</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Husbandman</strong> - A farmer who cultivated the land</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Jagger</strong> - Fish peddler</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Journeyman</strong> - One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Joyner/Joiner</strong> - A skilled carpenter</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Keeler</strong> - Bargeman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Kempster</strong> - Wool Comber</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Lardner</strong> - Keeper of the cupboard</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Lavender</strong> - Washer woman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Lederer</strong> - Leather Maker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Leech</strong> - Physician</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Longshoreman</strong> - Stevedore</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Lormer</strong> - Maker of horse gear</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Malender</strong> - Farmer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Malster</strong> - Brewer </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Manciple</strong> - A steward</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Mason</strong> - Bricklayer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Mintmaster</strong> - One who issued local currency</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Monger</strong> - Teamster</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Neatherder</strong> - Herds cows</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Ordinary keeper</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">- Innkeeper with fixed prices</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Pattern Maker</strong> - A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Peregrinator</strong> - Itinerant wanderer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Peruker</strong> - A wig Maker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Pettifogger</strong> - A shyster lawyer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Pigman</strong> - Crockery dealer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Plumber</strong> - One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain and stained glass windows</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Porter</strong> - Door Keeper</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Puddler</strong> - Wrought iron worker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Quarrier</strong> - Quarry worker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Rigger</strong> - Hoist tackle worker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Ripper</strong> - Seller of fish</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Roper</strong> - Maker of rope or nets</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Saddler</strong> - One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Sawbones</strong> - Physician</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Sawyer</strong> - One who saws, carpenter</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Schumacker</strong> - Shoemaker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Scribler</strong> - A minor or worthless author</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Scrivener</strong> - Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Scrutiner</strong> - Election Judge</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Shrieve</strong> - Sheriff</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Slater</strong> - Roofer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Slopseller</strong> - Seller of ready made clothes in a slop shop</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Snobscat/Snob</strong> - One who repaired shoes</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Sorter</strong> - Tailor</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Spinster</strong> - A woman who spins or an unmarried woman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Spurrer</strong> - Maker of Spurs</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Squire</strong> - Country gentle; farm owner; justice of the peace</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Stuff Gown / Stuff Gownsman</strong> - Junior Barrister</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Supercargo</strong> - Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tanner</strong> - One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tapley</strong> - One who puts the tap in an ale cask.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tasker</strong> - Reaper</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Teamster</strong> - One who drives a team for hauling</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Thatcher</strong> - Roofer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tide Waiter</strong> - customs inspector</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tinker</strong> - An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tipstaff</strong> - Policeman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Travers</strong> - Toll bridge collection</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tucker</strong> - Cleaner of cloth goods</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Turner</strong> - A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Victualer</strong> - A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Vulcan</strong> - Blacksmith</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Wagoner</strong> - Teamster not for hire</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Wainwright</strong> - Wagon Maker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Waiter</strong> - Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Waterman</strong> - Boatman who plies for hire</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Wharfinger</strong> - Owner of a wharf</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Wheelwright</strong> - One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Whitsmith</strong> - Tinsmith; worked or iron who finished or polishes the work</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Whitewing</strong> - Street Sweeper</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Whitster</strong> - Bleach of cloth</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Wright</strong> - Workman, especially a construction worker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Yeoman</strong> - Farmer who owns his own land</span><strong></strong></p> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> <p> </p> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p></div> <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=95"></a></span></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div align="left"> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">OCCUPATIONS</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> THIS IS A LISTING OF OLD OCCUPATION AND THEIR MEANINGS</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">(information from: <a href=""></a></span></p> <br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Acccomptant</strong> - Accountant </span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Almoner</strong> - Giver of charity to the needy</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Amanuensis</strong> - Secretary or stenographer </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Artificer</strong> - A soldier mechanic who does repair</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Bailie</strong> - Bailiff </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Baxter</strong> - Baker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Bluestocking</strong> - Female writer </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Boniface</strong> - Keeper of an inn</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Brazier</strong> - One who works with brass </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Brewster </strong>- Beer manufacturer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Brightsmith</strong> - Metal worker </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Burgonmster</strong> - Mayor</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Caulker</strong> - One who filled up cracks in ships and windows or seems to make them watertight by using tar or oakum-hem fiber produced by taking old ropes apart.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Chaisemaker</strong> - Carriage maker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Chandler</strong> - Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries, ship supplier</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Chiffonnier</strong> - Wig Maker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Clark</strong> - Clerk</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Clerk</strong> - Clergyman, cleric</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Clicker</strong> - The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Cohen</strong> - Priest</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Collier</strong> - Coal Miner</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Colporteur</strong> - Peddler of books</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Cooper</strong> - One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves and hoops, such as caks, barrels, tubs, etc.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Cordwainer</strong> - Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Costermonger</strong> - Peddler of fruits and vegetables</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Crocker</strong> - Potter</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Crowner</strong> - Coroner</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Currier</strong> - One who dresses the coat of a horse with a curry comb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Docker </strong>- Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Dowser</strong> - One who finds water using a rod or witching stick</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Draper</strong> - a dealer in dry goods</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Drayman </strong>- One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Dresser</strong> - A surgeon's assistant in a hospital</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Drover </strong>- One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Duffer</strong> - Peddler</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Factor</strong> - Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Farrier</strong> - A blacksmith, one who shoes horses</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Faulkner</strong> - Falconer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Fell Monger</strong> - One who removed hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Fletcher </strong>- One who made bows and arrows</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Fuller</strong> - One who fulls cloth; one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Gaoler</strong> - A keeper of the goal, a jailer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Glazier</strong> - Window Glassman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hacker</strong> - Maker of hoes</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hatcher</strong> - One who combed out or carded flax</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Haymonger</strong> - Dealer in Hay</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hayward</strong> - Keeper of fences</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Higgler</strong> - Itinerant peddler</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hillier</strong> - Roof tiler</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hing</strong> - A farm Laborer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Holster</strong> - a groom who took care of horses, often at an inn</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hooker</strong> - Reaper </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Hooper</strong> - One who made hoops for casks and barrels</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Huckster</strong> - Sells small wares</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Husbandman</strong> - A farmer who cultivated the land</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Jagger</strong> - Fish peddler</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Journeyman</strong> - One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Joyner/Joiner</strong> - A skilled carpenter</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Keeler</strong> - Bargeman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Kempster</strong> - Wool Comber</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Lardner</strong> - Keeper of the cupboard</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Lavender</strong> - Washer woman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Lederer</strong> - Leather Maker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Leech</strong> - Physician</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Longshoreman</strong> - Stevedore</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Lormer</strong> - Maker of horse gear</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Malender</strong> - Farmer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Malster</strong> - Brewer </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Manciple</strong> - A steward</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Mason</strong> - Bricklayer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Mintmaster</strong> - One who issued local currency</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Monger</strong> - Teamster</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Neatherder</strong> - Herds cows</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Ordinary keeper</strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">- Innkeeper with fixed prices</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Pattern Maker</strong> - A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Peregrinator</strong> - Itinerant wanderer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Peruker</strong> - A wig Maker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Pettifogger</strong> - A shyster lawyer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Pigman</strong> - Crockery dealer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> Plumber</strong> - One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain and stained glass windows</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Porter</strong> - Door Keeper</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Puddler</strong> - Wrought iron worker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Quarrier</strong> - Quarry worker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Rigger</strong> - Hoist tackle worker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Ripper</strong> - Seller of fish</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Roper</strong> - Maker of rope or nets</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Saddler</strong> - One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Sawbones</strong> - Physician</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Sawyer</strong> - One who saws, carpenter</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Schumacker</strong> - Shoemaker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Scribler</strong> - A minor or worthless author</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Scrivener</strong> - Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Scrutiner</strong> - Election Judge</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Shrieve</strong> - Sheriff</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Slater</strong> - Roofer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Slopseller</strong> - Seller of ready made clothes in a slop shop</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Snobscat/Snob</strong> - One who repaired shoes</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Sorter</strong> - Tailor</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Spinster</strong> - A woman who spins or an unmarried woman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Spurrer</strong> - Maker of Spurs</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Squire</strong> - Country gentle; farm owner; justice of the peace</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Stuff Gown / Stuff Gownsman</strong> - Junior Barrister</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Supercargo</strong> - Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tanner</strong> - One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tapley</strong> - One who puts the tap in an ale cask.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tasker</strong> - Reaper</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Teamster</strong> - One who drives a team for hauling</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Thatcher</strong> - Roofer</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tide Waiter</strong> - customs inspector</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tinker</strong> - An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tipstaff</strong> - Policeman</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Travers</strong> - Toll bridge collection</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Tucker</strong> - Cleaner of cloth goods</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Turner</strong> - A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Victualer</strong> - A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Vulcan</strong> - Blacksmith</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Wagoner</strong> - Teamster not for hire</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Wainwright</strong> - Wagon Maker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Waiter</strong> - Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Waterman</strong> - Boatman who plies for hire</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Wharfinger</strong> - Owner of a wharf</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Wheelwright</strong> - One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Whitsmith</strong> - Tinsmith; worked or iron who finished or polishes the work</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Whitewing</strong> - Street Sweeper</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Whitster</strong> - Bleach of cloth</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Wright</strong> - Workman, especially a construction worker</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>Yeoman</strong> - Farmer who owns his own land</span><strong></strong></p> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> <p> </p> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p></div> -20011 Fostoria Lineage Research Society Membership 2012-05-15T13:49:37+00:00 2012-05-15T13:49:37+00:00 http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/93-20011-fostoria-lineage-research-society-membership Super User ppalmer@noguska.com <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="277"> <div align="center"> <p> </p> <p><span style="color: #ff0000; font-size: xx-small;"> <span style="text-decoration: underline;">2010 -20011 Fostoria Lineage Research Society Membership</span></span></p> <table width="90%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="top" width="47%" height="280"> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Lloyd Abbott,<br /> Jim &amp; Pat Beeson, <br /> Helen Buehning,<br /> Ray &amp; Marilyn Burk,<br /> Paul Chaney,<br /> Cora Church,<br /> Hazel Coppler,<br /> Mary Alice Crow,<br /> Laraine Elter,<br /> Edward Frederick,<br /> Corrine Hade,<br /> Bob &amp; Jan Hammer, </span><br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Jan Herbert,<br /> LaVonne Hipsher,</span> <br /> June Obarr-Hunker</p> </td> <td valign="top" width="53%" height="280"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">June Hunker, <br /> Sylvia Leonard,<br /> Nancy Michelsen <br /> Betty Morgan,<br /> Janice Myers,<br /> Margie Pelton,<br /> Gloria Plummer,<br /> Wanda Pohlman,<br /> Marilyn Reddin, <br /> Sally Riser, <br /> Ralph Sackett Jr., <br /> Ruth Ann Spross,<br /> Violet True, <br /> Betty Wilson,<br /> Jan Wolfarth, </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table width="500" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5"> <tbody> <tr align="center"> <td colspan="4"><strong>Click thumbnail for full size picture</strong></td> </tr> <tr align="center"> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage.JPG" width="96" height="65" /></a></td> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage10.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage10_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage10.JPG" width="56" height="72" /></a></td> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage11.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage11_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage11.JPG" width="96" height="71" /></a></td> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage2.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage2_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage2.JPG" width="48" height="72" /></a></td> </tr> <tr align="center"> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage3.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage3_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage3.JPG" width="96" height="62" /></a></td> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage4.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage4_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage4.JPG" width="96" height="71" /></a></td> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage5.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage5_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage5.JPG" width="96" height="53" /></a></td> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage8.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage8_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage8.JPG" width="96" height="34" /></a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Researchers welcome</strong></span><strong></strong></p> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table></div> <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="277"> <div align="center"> <p> </p> <p><span style="color: #ff0000; font-size: xx-small;"> <span style="text-decoration: underline;">2010 -20011 Fostoria Lineage Research Society Membership</span></span></p> <table width="90%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="top" width="47%" height="280"> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Lloyd Abbott,<br /> Jim &amp; Pat Beeson, <br /> Helen Buehning,<br /> Ray &amp; Marilyn Burk,<br /> Paul Chaney,<br /> Cora Church,<br /> Hazel Coppler,<br /> Mary Alice Crow,<br /> Laraine Elter,<br /> Edward Frederick,<br /> Corrine Hade,<br /> Bob &amp; Jan Hammer, </span><br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Jan Herbert,<br /> LaVonne Hipsher,</span> <br /> June Obarr-Hunker</p> </td> <td valign="top" width="53%" height="280"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">June Hunker, <br /> Sylvia Leonard,<br /> Nancy Michelsen <br /> Betty Morgan,<br /> Janice Myers,<br /> Margie Pelton,<br /> Gloria Plummer,<br /> Wanda Pohlman,<br /> Marilyn Reddin, <br /> Sally Riser, <br /> Ralph Sackett Jr., <br /> Ruth Ann Spross,<br /> Violet True, <br /> Betty Wilson,<br /> Jan Wolfarth, </span></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table width="500" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5"> <tbody> <tr align="center"> <td colspan="4"><strong>Click thumbnail for full size picture</strong></td> </tr> <tr align="center"> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage.JPG" width="96" height="65" /></a></td> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage10.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage10_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage10.JPG" width="56" height="72" /></a></td> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage11.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage11_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage11.JPG" width="96" height="71" /></a></td> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage2.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage2_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage2.JPG" width="48" height="72" /></a></td> </tr> <tr align="center"> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage3.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage3_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage3.JPG" width="96" height="62" /></a></td> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage4.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage4_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage4.JPG" width="96" height="71" /></a></td> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage5.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage5_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage5.JPG" width="96" height="53" /></a></td> <td><a href="media/Lineage/FostoriaLineage8.JPG"><img src="media/Lineage/tn_FostoriaLineage8_JPG.jpg" border="0" alt="FostoriaLineage8.JPG" width="96" height="34" /></a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>Researchers welcome</strong></span><strong></strong></p> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table></div> Geneological page links 2012-05-15T13:51:19+00:00 2012-05-15T13:51:19+00:00 http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/94-geneological-page-links Super User ppalmer@noguska.com <div class="feed-description"><table align="center" cellpadding="15" width="95%"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="top"> <div align="center"> <table border="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <div align="center"> <a href="http://www.scioto.org/OHGenWeb/"><img border="1" height="150" src="media/ohgenweb150red.gif" width="150" /></a></div> </td> <td> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #339900; font-size: small;"><strong><span style="font-size: large;"><a name="#top"></a></span><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span><br /> <span style="font-size: large;"> </span></strong></span></div> </td> <td> <div align="center"> <img border="0" height="166" src="media/usgenweb.gif" width="164" /></div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"> <div align="center"> <div align="left"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> Geneological page links</div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <a href="http://lifestream.aol.com/">John Gorsuch</a></td> <td> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">Seneca County GenWeb Project</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <a href="">SENECA HARTZELL History Links</a></td> <td> <a href="">Mayflower</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <a href="http://www.ngsgenealogy.org/">National Genealogical Society</a></td> <td> <a href="">American Colonist&#39;s Library</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Local Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">A</span>. Fostoria Community &amp; History Site</td> <td> <a href="http://www.Fostoria.org">http://www.Fostoria.org</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">B.</span> Hancock County Chapter O.G.S.</td> <td> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">C</span>. Kaubisch Memorial Public Library</td> <td> <a href="http://www.fostoria.lib.oh.us/">http://www.fostoria.lib.oh.us/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">D.</span> Center for Archival Collections BGSU</td> <td> <a href="http://www.bgsu.edu/colleges/library/cac/">http://www.bgsu.edu/colleges/library/cac/</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Favorite Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>1. </strong>Allen County Public Library Catalog<br /> &quot;look up call numbers before you go to Fort Wayne&quot;</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.acpl.lib.in.us/">http://www.acpl.lib.in.us/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>2.</strong> Ancestors . Searchable databases 6-3 million names</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.ancestry.com">http://www.ancestry.com</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>3.</strong> Census Online</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.usgenweb.org">http://www.usgenweb.org</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>4.</strong> Cyndi&#39;s List of genealogical sites.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.cyndislist.com/">http://www.cyndislist.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>5. </strong>Family Search.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="https://familysearch.org/">https://familysearch.org/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>6.</strong> Family Tree Maker, searchable databases.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="https://familysearch.org/">https://familysearch.org/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>7.</strong> Genealogy Gateway, search for web sites by surnames</td> <td width="354"> <a href="">http://www.polaris.net/~legend/mainstie.htm</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>8.</strong> Library of the Western Reserve Historical Society</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.wrhs.org/">http://www.wrhs.org/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>9.</strong> Mayflower Web Pages,</td> <td width="354"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>10.</strong> Message Boards for Different Names.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://genforum.genealogy.com/">http://genforum.genealogy.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>11.</strong> Ohio Historical Society</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://ohsweb.ohiohistory.org/index.shtml">http://ohsweb.ohiohistory.org/index.shtml</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>12.</strong> RootsWeb for Census Lookup requests /<br /> search engines 400,012 -names.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>13</strong>. USGenWeb Project</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://usgenweb.org/">http://usgenweb.org/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>14.</strong> Genealogy helplist.<br /> All volunteers willing to do lookups &quot;free of Charge&quot;.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://helplist.org/">http://helplist.org/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>15.</strong> Soundex Conversion Program<br /> &quot;just type in the surname and it gives you the soundex code</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>16. </strong> Patent Land Records.<br /> Search for patent by your ancestor&#39;s name</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/">http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>17.</strong> Genie Angels - Lookup volunteers</td> <td width="354"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>18.</strong> Genealogical Help Network - lookup volunteers.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/ks/windshipgenhelp/ref.html">http://www.angelfire.com/ks/windshipgenhelp/ref.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>19. </strong> Perpetual Calendar</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>20</strong>. Genealogy Exchange and surname registry</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.genexchange.com/us.cfm">http://www.genexchange.com/us.cfm</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>21. </strong> GenConnect Surname Boards</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://cgi.rootsweb.com/~genbbs/index/FamAssoc.htm</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>22.</strong> Searchable Genealogy Sites</td> <td width="354"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>23.</strong> Searchable Bible Records at Library of Virginia</td> <td width="354"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>24.</strong> Genealogy Resources on the Internet</td> <td width="354"> <a href="">http://members.aol.com/gfsjohnf/gen_mail_states-gen.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>25.</strong> Family, Local, American, and World History Resource Collection</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.localpages.com/content/family-local-american-and-world-history-resource-collection.html">http://www.localpages.com/content/family-local-american-and-world-history-resource-collection.html</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">International Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="237"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">A. </span> Genealogy Links</td> <td width="443"> <a href="http://www.library.ohio.gov/marketing/Newsletters/TheNews/2010/June/NORWELD">http://www.library.ohio.gov/marketing/Newsletters/TheNews/2010/June/NORWELD</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="237"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">B. </span>Canada Genealogy</td> <td width="443"> <a href="">http://king.igs.net/~hdmlhm/genealogy.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="237"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">C.</span> Federation of East European Family History Societies</td> <td width="443"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="237"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">D. </span>World Genealogy Web Project (World Gen Web)</td> <td width="443"> <a href="http://www.worldgenweb.org">http://www.worldgenweb.org</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="237"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">E</span>. The General Register Office for Scotland, The UK &amp; Ireland</td> <td width="443"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="237"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">H</span>. Language translation &quot;French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish</td> <td width="443"> <a href="http://www.microsofttranslator.com/">http://www.microsofttranslator.com/</a><br /> And <a href="http://www.freetranslation.com">http://www.freetranslation.com</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Reference Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">A.</span> Olive Tress - for early records</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com//%7Eote/index.html">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com//~ote/index.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">B.</span> Lineages</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.microsofttranslator.com/">http://www.lineages.com/default.asp</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">C.</span> Library of Congress</td> <td width="365"> &nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">D</span>. Helm&#39;s Genealogy Toolbox</td> <td width="365"> &nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">E. </span> Links to Library Resources on the Internet</td> <td width="365"> &nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">F.</span> ROOTS-L Resources: United States Resources .</td> <td width="365"> &nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">G.</span> Social Security Death Index Online</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.ancestry.com/ssdi/advanced.htm">http://www.ancestry.com/ssdi/advanced.htm</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">H.</span> Gives distance between cities as the crow flies</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.indi.com">http://www.indi.com</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">I. </span>Find Postal Addresses and phone numbers<br /> as well as e-mail addresses</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.whowhere.com/">http://www.whowhere.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">J.</span> Immigration Ship transcribers guild</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.cimorelli.com/">http://www.cimorelli.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">K</span>. Genealogy Online &quot; a bit of everything&quot;.</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://genealogy.org">http://genealogy.org</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">L.</span> Geographical names Information System<br /> US and Territories</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.usgs.gov/">http://www.usgs.gov/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">M.</span> Old Disease Names and<br /> their modern definitions<br /> (Have Listed on Following Pages)</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://genealogy.org">http://www.hoosierlines.cqc.com/medicalterms.htm</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">State Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">A.</span> Localities in Ohio. Current place names. Shows county - map server. Current Ohio coded, 1851 listing of post offices that have names differing from the name of a town locality. Defunct and changed place names in Ohio</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com//ohgenweb/place.htm</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">B</span>. Ohio Cemeteries Online</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com//~cemetery/ohio.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">C.</span> Ohio Clickable Map for the US Genweb Program</td> <td width="361"> <a href="">http://www.infinet.com/~dzimmerm/Gwen/maps.htm</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">D</span>. Ohio River Families</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.orvf.com">http://www.orvf.com</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">E.</span> State Library of Ohio</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://ohio.gov/">http://ohio.gov/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">F. </span>State Archives of Michigan</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.michigan.gov/">http://www.michigan.gov/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">G</span>. Indiana State Library, Archives Division</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.in.gov/library/">http://www.in.gov/library/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">H.</span> Indiana Historical Society.</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.spcc.com">http://www.spcc.com</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">I.</span> Illinois State Archives</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.spcc.com">http://www.sos.state.il.us/depts/archives/services.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">J.</span> Illinois State Historical Society</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www2.illinois.gov/Pages/default.aspx">http://www2.illinois.gov/Pages/default.aspx</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">K</span>. State Historical Society of Wisconsin</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.wisc.edu/">http://www.wisc.edu/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">L</span>. Minnesota Historical Society</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.mnhs.org/index.html">http://www.mnhs.org/index.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">M</span>. Michigan Death Index Years 1867-1875 online</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.mdch.state.mi.us/PHA/OSR/gendis/search.htm">http://www.mdch.state.mi.us/PHA/OSR/gendis/search.htm</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Revolutionary War Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">A.</span> Women Soldiers in the American Revolutionary War</td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">B.</span> American Revolutionary War Soldiers &amp; Their Descendants</td> <td> &nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">D.</span> Historic Valley Forge</td> <td> &nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">E.</span> National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution</td> <td> <a href="http://www.mdch.state.mi.us/PHA/OSR/gendis/search.htm">http://dar.org</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">F.</span> National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution</td> <td> <a href="http://www.SAR.org">http://www.SAR.org</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Civil Wars Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">A</span>. A barrel of Genealogy Links (over 121 links)</td> <td> <a href="http://cpcug.org/">http://cpcug.org/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">B</span>. Civil War Rosters</td> <td> <a href="http://search.yahoo.com">http://search.yahoo.com</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">C</span>. U. S. Civil War &amp; Civil War</td> <td> <a href="http://www.cwc.lsu.edu">http://www.cwc.lsu.edu</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">D</span>. Civil War Database</td> <td> <a href="http://www.civilwardata.com/">http://www.civilwardata.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">E.</span> Catalog of Civil War Photos</td> <td> <a href="http://www.carlisle.army.mil/">http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usamhi/PhotoDB,htm</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> <p align="right"> <span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> &nbsp;</p> </div> <div class="feed-description"><table align="center" cellpadding="15" width="95%"> <tbody> <tr> <td valign="top"> <div align="center"> <table border="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <div align="center"> <a href="http://www.scioto.org/OHGenWeb/"><img border="1" height="150" src="media/ohgenweb150red.gif" width="150" /></a></div> </td> <td> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #339900; font-size: small;"><strong><span style="font-size: large;"><a name="#top"></a></span><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span><br /> <span style="font-size: large;"> </span></strong></span></div> </td> <td> <div align="center"> <img border="0" height="166" src="media/usgenweb.gif" width="164" /></div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"> <div align="center"> <div align="left"> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> Geneological page links</div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <a href="http://lifestream.aol.com/">John Gorsuch</a></td> <td> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">Seneca County GenWeb Project</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <a href="">SENECA HARTZELL History Links</a></td> <td> <a href="">Mayflower</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <a href="http://www.ngsgenealogy.org/">National Genealogical Society</a></td> <td> <a href="">American Colonist&#39;s Library</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Local Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">A</span>. Fostoria Community &amp; History Site</td> <td> <a href="http://www.Fostoria.org">http://www.Fostoria.org</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">B.</span> Hancock County Chapter O.G.S.</td> <td> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">C</span>. Kaubisch Memorial Public Library</td> <td> <a href="http://www.fostoria.lib.oh.us/">http://www.fostoria.lib.oh.us/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">D.</span> Center for Archival Collections BGSU</td> <td> <a href="http://www.bgsu.edu/colleges/library/cac/">http://www.bgsu.edu/colleges/library/cac/</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Favorite Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>1. </strong>Allen County Public Library Catalog<br /> &quot;look up call numbers before you go to Fort Wayne&quot;</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.acpl.lib.in.us/">http://www.acpl.lib.in.us/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>2.</strong> Ancestors . Searchable databases 6-3 million names</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.ancestry.com">http://www.ancestry.com</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>3.</strong> Census Online</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.usgenweb.org">http://www.usgenweb.org</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>4.</strong> Cyndi&#39;s List of genealogical sites.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.cyndislist.com/">http://www.cyndislist.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>5. </strong>Family Search.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="https://familysearch.org/">https://familysearch.org/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>6.</strong> Family Tree Maker, searchable databases.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="https://familysearch.org/">https://familysearch.org/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>7.</strong> Genealogy Gateway, search for web sites by surnames</td> <td width="354"> <a href="">http://www.polaris.net/~legend/mainstie.htm</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>8.</strong> Library of the Western Reserve Historical Society</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.wrhs.org/">http://www.wrhs.org/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>9.</strong> Mayflower Web Pages,</td> <td width="354"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>10.</strong> Message Boards for Different Names.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://genforum.genealogy.com/">http://genforum.genealogy.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>11.</strong> Ohio Historical Society</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://ohsweb.ohiohistory.org/index.shtml">http://ohsweb.ohiohistory.org/index.shtml</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>12.</strong> RootsWeb for Census Lookup requests /<br /> search engines 400,012 -names.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>13</strong>. USGenWeb Project</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://usgenweb.org/">http://usgenweb.org/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>14.</strong> Genealogy helplist.<br /> All volunteers willing to do lookups &quot;free of Charge&quot;.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://helplist.org/">http://helplist.org/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>15.</strong> Soundex Conversion Program<br /> &quot;just type in the surname and it gives you the soundex code</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>16. </strong> Patent Land Records.<br /> Search for patent by your ancestor&#39;s name</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/">http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>17.</strong> Genie Angels - Lookup volunteers</td> <td width="354"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>18.</strong> Genealogical Help Network - lookup volunteers.</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/ks/windshipgenhelp/ref.html">http://www.angelfire.com/ks/windshipgenhelp/ref.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>19. </strong> Perpetual Calendar</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>20</strong>. Genealogy Exchange and surname registry</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.genexchange.com/us.cfm">http://www.genexchange.com/us.cfm</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>21. </strong> GenConnect Surname Boards</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://cgi.rootsweb.com/~genbbs/index/FamAssoc.htm</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>22.</strong> Searchable Genealogy Sites</td> <td width="354"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>23.</strong> Searchable Bible Records at Library of Virginia</td> <td width="354"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>24.</strong> Genealogy Resources on the Internet</td> <td width="354"> <a href="">http://members.aol.com/gfsjohnf/gen_mail_states-gen.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="326"> <strong>25.</strong> Family, Local, American, and World History Resource Collection</td> <td width="354"> <a href="http://www.localpages.com/content/family-local-american-and-world-history-resource-collection.html">http://www.localpages.com/content/family-local-american-and-world-history-resource-collection.html</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">International Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="237"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">A. </span> Genealogy Links</td> <td width="443"> <a href="http://www.library.ohio.gov/marketing/Newsletters/TheNews/2010/June/NORWELD">http://www.library.ohio.gov/marketing/Newsletters/TheNews/2010/June/NORWELD</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="237"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">B. </span>Canada Genealogy</td> <td width="443"> <a href="">http://king.igs.net/~hdmlhm/genealogy.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="237"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">C.</span> Federation of East European Family History Societies</td> <td width="443"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="237"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">D. </span>World Genealogy Web Project (World Gen Web)</td> <td width="443"> <a href="http://www.worldgenweb.org">http://www.worldgenweb.org</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="237"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">E</span>. The General Register Office for Scotland, The UK &amp; Ireland</td> <td width="443"> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="237"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">H</span>. Language translation &quot;French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish</td> <td width="443"> <a href="http://www.microsofttranslator.com/">http://www.microsofttranslator.com/</a><br /> And <a href="http://www.freetranslation.com">http://www.freetranslation.com</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Reference Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">A.</span> Olive Tress - for early records</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com//%7Eote/index.html">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com//~ote/index.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">B.</span> Lineages</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.microsofttranslator.com/">http://www.lineages.com/default.asp</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">C.</span> Library of Congress</td> <td width="365"> &nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">D</span>. Helm&#39;s Genealogy Toolbox</td> <td width="365"> &nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">E. </span> Links to Library Resources on the Internet</td> <td width="365"> &nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">F.</span> ROOTS-L Resources: United States Resources .</td> <td width="365"> &nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">G.</span> Social Security Death Index Online</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.ancestry.com/ssdi/advanced.htm">http://www.ancestry.com/ssdi/advanced.htm</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">H.</span> Gives distance between cities as the crow flies</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.indi.com">http://www.indi.com</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">I. </span>Find Postal Addresses and phone numbers<br /> as well as e-mail addresses</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.whowhere.com/">http://www.whowhere.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">J.</span> Immigration Ship transcribers guild</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.cimorelli.com/">http://www.cimorelli.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">K</span>. Genealogy Online &quot; a bit of everything&quot;.</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://genealogy.org">http://genealogy.org</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">L.</span> Geographical names Information System<br /> US and Territories</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://www.usgs.gov/">http://www.usgs.gov/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="315"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">M.</span> Old Disease Names and<br /> their modern definitions<br /> (Have Listed on Following Pages)</td> <td width="365"> <a href="http://genealogy.org">http://www.hoosierlines.cqc.com/medicalterms.htm</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">State Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">A.</span> Localities in Ohio. Current place names. Shows county - map server. Current Ohio coded, 1851 listing of post offices that have names differing from the name of a town locality. Defunct and changed place names in Ohio</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com//ohgenweb/place.htm</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">B</span>. Ohio Cemeteries Online</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/">http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com//~cemetery/ohio.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">C.</span> Ohio Clickable Map for the US Genweb Program</td> <td width="361"> <a href="">http://www.infinet.com/~dzimmerm/Gwen/maps.htm</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">D</span>. Ohio River Families</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.orvf.com">http://www.orvf.com</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">E.</span> State Library of Ohio</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://ohio.gov/">http://ohio.gov/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">F. </span>State Archives of Michigan</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.michigan.gov/">http://www.michigan.gov/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">G</span>. Indiana State Library, Archives Division</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.in.gov/library/">http://www.in.gov/library/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">H.</span> Indiana Historical Society.</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.spcc.com">http://www.spcc.com</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">I.</span> Illinois State Archives</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.spcc.com">http://www.sos.state.il.us/depts/archives/services.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">J.</span> Illinois State Historical Society</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www2.illinois.gov/Pages/default.aspx">http://www2.illinois.gov/Pages/default.aspx</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">K</span>. State Historical Society of Wisconsin</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.wisc.edu/">http://www.wisc.edu/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">L</span>. Minnesota Historical Society</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.mnhs.org/index.html">http://www.mnhs.org/index.html</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td width="319"> <span style="color: #ff0000;">M</span>. Michigan Death Index Years 1867-1875 online</td> <td width="361"> <a href="http://www.mdch.state.mi.us/PHA/OSR/gendis/search.htm">http://www.mdch.state.mi.us/PHA/OSR/gendis/search.htm</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Revolutionary War Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">A.</span> Women Soldiers in the American Revolutionary War</td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">B.</span> American Revolutionary War Soldiers &amp; Their Descendants</td> <td> &nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">D.</span> Historic Valley Forge</td> <td> &nbsp;</td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">E.</span> National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution</td> <td> <a href="http://www.mdch.state.mi.us/PHA/OSR/gendis/search.htm">http://dar.org</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">F.</span> National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution</td> <td> <a href="http://www.SAR.org">http://www.SAR.org</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" width="700"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <div align="center"> <span style="color: #0000ff;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Civil Wars Links:</span></strong></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">A</span>. A barrel of Genealogy Links (over 121 links)</td> <td> <a href="http://cpcug.org/">http://cpcug.org/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">B</span>. Civil War Rosters</td> <td> <a href="http://search.yahoo.com">http://search.yahoo.com</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">C</span>. U. S. Civil War &amp; Civil War</td> <td> <a href="http://www.cwc.lsu.edu">http://www.cwc.lsu.edu</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">D</span>. Civil War Database</td> <td> <a href="http://www.civilwardata.com/">http://www.civilwardata.com/</a></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span style="color: #ff0000;">E.</span> Catalog of Civil War Photos</td> <td> <a href="http://www.carlisle.army.mil/">http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usamhi/PhotoDB,htm</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> <p align="right"> <span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> &nbsp;</p> </div> Getting Started 2012-05-15T13:52:07+00:00 2012-05-15T13:52:07+00:00 http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/95-getting-started Super User ppalmer@noguska.com <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a name="#top"></a>FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=95"></a></span></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div align="center"> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">HOW TO GET STARTED ON YOUR FAMILY HISTORY</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>1.</strong> </span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Start with your parents, brothers, sisters, Aunts, Uncles, Grandparents, cousins</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>A.</strong> Write down what you already know about your family members on a "Pedigree Chart"</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> B.</strong> Copy birth certificates, marriage license, Bible registers, death certificate</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> C. </strong> Write down stories about your families members (believe it or not this will help in the future when you hit a road block: occupation, churches attended, resides, schools &amp; etc.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> D.</strong> Also fill out a Family Groups Records for yourself if you are a parent.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> E.</strong> If you or a parent was married before, record that marriage too with brothers and sisters included.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> F. </strong> Take a camera, type recorder with you when visiting a older family members.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> G.</strong> When visiting a cemetery, take a cell phone, flash light, rope, another person, camera, chalk, carbon paper, brushes, bucket, paper and time to search for cover grave sites.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> H.</strong> Remember Be Kind and Be Patient, Ask Questions and Always replied "Thank You"</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> I.</strong> When mailing out requests, include a self-addressed, stamped envelope with your return address on it.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> J.</strong> Live the Oldest living relative first (time is short and also memories)</span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>2.</strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Decide what you want to learn about your ancestor</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>A</strong>. When they were born (sometimes baptism date is given for birth date)</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>B</strong>. Where they were born ( counties and State Lines in some States were changed)</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> C. </strong>Married: (Court Houses, Church records, Family Bibles)</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>D. </strong> Where they resided (Court House records, deeds)</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> E.</strong> When they died and date of burial (funeral homes, old newspapers, Obit. Files at Library)</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> F. </strong>Where they were buried ( they may have died in one county but buried in another and also in different states)</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> G. </strong>Start with one ancestor from the pedigree chart and this may led to another</span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>3</strong>. <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Check all records in doing your research</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong> A</strong>. There are two main types of genealogical records.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman Italic;">(1)</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman Italic;"> COMPILED RECORDS:</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> These are records that have already been researched by others, such as biographies, family histories, or genealogies that may be on microfilm, microfiche, in books or at Family Search computer stations.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman Italic;">(2)</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman Italic;"> ORIGINAL RECORDS:</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Are records that were created at or near the time of an event, such as birth, marriage, death, or census records.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>4</strong>. <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Obtain and search for records</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>A</strong>. Many local libraries have excellent genealogical materials. Many have local Genealogical Research help, such as the Fostoria Lineage Research Society. Family History Centers also as Hayes Memorial Library, Fremont, Ohio; Kaubisch Library, Fostoria, Ohio; Bowling Green State University Library; and so on.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>B.</strong> When search the records, check not only the date you believe is correct, but look at a broad frame of time period, check for various of spelling, and write down your results even if you come up empty-handed. Write down where you found your information at and date it.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>5.</strong> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Use the information you found</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> A. Evaluate the information you have found. Did you find the information you were looking for? Is it complete? Does it match up to what you have or is there some conflict?</span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000;">6. </span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">ORGANIZE is the Key word</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>A</strong>. Organization of your pedigree Charts and information about that ancestors, this will save you time later. Files, note cards, pictures, deeds, marriage records, births &amp; death certificates and all material relating to that ancestors in one notebooks.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>B</strong>. You may have all your information on your computer but back it up and keep at written copy on files.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">COMMON LAW COPYRIGHTING</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> If you are writing a family history, you can protect it by writing </span>COPYRIGHT<span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> followed by the year in which you began writing, and your name. This is called "common law copyrighting" and will protect your work until it is printed. When the material is printed, the copyright notation needs to appear on the title page only. Further protection should be obtained by filing official copyright papers with the Copyright Office, Library of Congress, Washington D.C. 20559. If you completed work is not yet officially copyrighted, mail a copy of your work by certified mail </span>TO YOURSELF!<span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> File the letter </span>UNOPENED!<span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> If a legal problem arises, you have a sealed, dated copy of your material for the officers of the court to open.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">**** Seen in the Indiana County, PA Historical Society Newsletter February 1999, "Clark House News"</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">****The above article was taken from the Florida Chapter Ohio Genealogical Society, Inc. Newsletter Sept-Oct 1999. As excepted from the Van Wert Connection, Volume XX Issue 4.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">WHO OWNS THE PAST?</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> There has been a series of back-and-forth on a genealogy bulletin board concerning ownership and copyrights of material developed by family researchers. One person assumed that, because, he researched and organized the family history and pedigree chart, he actually owned the material. When a relative, who had obtained copies, passed this on to a database, the researcher threatened a lawsuit. Solution: one cannot copyright facts. (For example, no one owns the material on a periodic chart.) One can, however, claim right over the manner in which the facts are presented, that is, the format. Thus an organized and written narrative of a family's past may be "owned" although the names, dates, and places, separated from the document, may be used by all without permission.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> In another case, the family historian refused to share his work with other member of his clan. Sometime later a cousin found that he had published the material in a book form and had sent copies to various libraries, and never told anyone. Solution: a sense of amusement about human nature and many relatives.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Still others have been outrages because the pedigree charts and other materials they freely and willingly sent to a large national company were made available as commercial product for a price many such contributors felt betrayed. Solution: when readily giving something of value away, understand that you are indeed surrendering any further control over it. </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The discovery of the past is probably a deeply personal adventure for many genealogists and a rewarding one, too still, each of us should determine, early on, whether or not he / she will ever share the materials with others. Not to do so would appear to many as selfish and even pointless. To do so is probably one of those good deeds performed with no expectation or reward, except, perhaps that someone else will have insights into his or her origins. That should be reward enough for most.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">(Information form Cuyahoga Valley Chapter OGS, by Jack Braveman via The Huron County Chapter OGS and also MCC_OGS Volume 20-4 page 189</span></p> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="8"> <div align="center"><a href="http://www.fostoria.org/index.php/component/content/article/44-cemetery-import/19318-fostoria-cemetery---generalinfo"></a> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p></div> <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a name="#top"></a>FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=95"></a></span></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div align="center"> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">HOW TO GET STARTED ON YOUR FAMILY HISTORY</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>1.</strong> </span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Start with your parents, brothers, sisters, Aunts, Uncles, Grandparents, cousins</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>A.</strong> Write down what you already know about your family members on a "Pedigree Chart"</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> B.</strong> Copy birth certificates, marriage license, Bible registers, death certificate</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> C. </strong> Write down stories about your families members (believe it or not this will help in the future when you hit a road block: occupation, churches attended, resides, schools &amp; etc.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> D.</strong> Also fill out a Family Groups Records for yourself if you are a parent.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> E.</strong> If you or a parent was married before, record that marriage too with brothers and sisters included.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> F. </strong> Take a camera, type recorder with you when visiting a older family members.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> G.</strong> When visiting a cemetery, take a cell phone, flash light, rope, another person, camera, chalk, carbon paper, brushes, bucket, paper and time to search for cover grave sites.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> H.</strong> Remember Be Kind and Be Patient, Ask Questions and Always replied "Thank You"</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> I.</strong> When mailing out requests, include a self-addressed, stamped envelope with your return address on it.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> J.</strong> Live the Oldest living relative first (time is short and also memories)</span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>2.</strong></span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Decide what you want to learn about your ancestor</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>A</strong>. When they were born (sometimes baptism date is given for birth date)</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>B</strong>. Where they were born ( counties and State Lines in some States were changed)</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> C. </strong>Married: (Court Houses, Church records, Family Bibles)</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>D. </strong> Where they resided (Court House records, deeds)</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> E.</strong> When they died and date of burial (funeral homes, old newspapers, Obit. Files at Library)</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> F. </strong>Where they were buried ( they may have died in one county but buried in another and also in different states)</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> G. </strong>Start with one ancestor from the pedigree chart and this may led to another</span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>3</strong>. <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Check all records in doing your research</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong> A</strong>. There are two main types of genealogical records.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman Italic;">(1)</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman Italic;"> COMPILED RECORDS:</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> These are records that have already been researched by others, such as biographies, family histories, or genealogies that may be on microfilm, microfiche, in books or at Family Search computer stations.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman Italic;">(2)</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman Italic;"> ORIGINAL RECORDS:</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Are records that were created at or near the time of an event, such as birth, marriage, death, or census records.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>4</strong>. <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Obtain and search for records</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>A</strong>. Many local libraries have excellent genealogical materials. Many have local Genealogical Research help, such as the Fostoria Lineage Research Society. Family History Centers also as Hayes Memorial Library, Fremont, Ohio; Kaubisch Library, Fostoria, Ohio; Bowling Green State University Library; and so on.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>B.</strong> When search the records, check not only the date you believe is correct, but look at a broad frame of time period, check for various of spelling, and write down your results even if you come up empty-handed. Write down where you found your information at and date it.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>5.</strong> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Use the information you found</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> A. Evaluate the information you have found. Did you find the information you were looking for? Is it complete? Does it match up to what you have or is there some conflict?</span></p> <p><span style="color: #008000;">6. </span><span style="color: #008000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">ORGANIZE is the Key word</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong>A</strong>. Organization of your pedigree Charts and information about that ancestors, this will save you time later. Files, note cards, pictures, deeds, marriage records, births &amp; death certificates and all material relating to that ancestors in one notebooks.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong>B</strong>. You may have all your information on your computer but back it up and keep at written copy on files.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">COMMON LAW COPYRIGHTING</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> If you are writing a family history, you can protect it by writing </span>COPYRIGHT<span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> followed by the year in which you began writing, and your name. This is called "common law copyrighting" and will protect your work until it is printed. When the material is printed, the copyright notation needs to appear on the title page only. Further protection should be obtained by filing official copyright papers with the Copyright Office, Library of Congress, Washington D.C. 20559. If you completed work is not yet officially copyrighted, mail a copy of your work by certified mail </span>TO YOURSELF!<span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> File the letter </span>UNOPENED!<span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> If a legal problem arises, you have a sealed, dated copy of your material for the officers of the court to open.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">**** Seen in the Indiana County, PA Historical Society Newsletter February 1999, "Clark House News"</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">****The above article was taken from the Florida Chapter Ohio Genealogical Society, Inc. Newsletter Sept-Oct 1999. As excepted from the Van Wert Connection, Volume XX Issue 4.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">WHO OWNS THE PAST?</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> There has been a series of back-and-forth on a genealogy bulletin board concerning ownership and copyrights of material developed by family researchers. One person assumed that, because, he researched and organized the family history and pedigree chart, he actually owned the material. When a relative, who had obtained copies, passed this on to a database, the researcher threatened a lawsuit. Solution: one cannot copyright facts. (For example, no one owns the material on a periodic chart.) One can, however, claim right over the manner in which the facts are presented, that is, the format. Thus an organized and written narrative of a family's past may be "owned" although the names, dates, and places, separated from the document, may be used by all without permission.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> In another case, the family historian refused to share his work with other member of his clan. Sometime later a cousin found that he had published the material in a book form and had sent copies to various libraries, and never told anyone. Solution: a sense of amusement about human nature and many relatives.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Still others have been outrages because the pedigree charts and other materials they freely and willingly sent to a large national company were made available as commercial product for a price many such contributors felt betrayed. Solution: when readily giving something of value away, understand that you are indeed surrendering any further control over it. </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The discovery of the past is probably a deeply personal adventure for many genealogists and a rewarding one, too still, each of us should determine, early on, whether or not he / she will ever share the materials with others. Not to do so would appear to many as selfish and even pointless. To do so is probably one of those good deeds performed with no expectation or reward, except, perhaps that someone else will have insights into his or her origins. That should be reward enough for most.</span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">(Information form Cuyahoga Valley Chapter OGS, by Jack Braveman via The Huron County Chapter OGS and also MCC_OGS Volume 20-4 page 189</span></p> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="8"> <div align="center"><a href="http://www.fostoria.org/index.php/component/content/article/44-cemetery-import/19318-fostoria-cemetery---generalinfo"></a> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p></div> General Information - After 2012-05-15T13:53:01+00:00 2012-05-15T13:53:01+00:00 http://fostoria.org/index.php/26-history/genealogy/96-general-information-after Super User ppalmer@noguska.com <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=95"></a></span></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"> <div align="left"> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>BIRTHDATE FORMS AND BAPTISM RECORDS</strong></span></span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Calculates birth date from death date and age of death in year-month-day format. You might want to try the Java Script. All dates, Gregorian or Julian, use New Year on January 1<sup>st</sup>.</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> This new version uses two different computation methods: (28 day calculation has some problems and it wasn't very useful, so it has been removed.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1. 30 day fixed length (the "8870" system is a variant of this)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 2. Calendar length months</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Baptism date may be found at the local churches your ancestors attended or your local libraries. </span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>COMING TO AMERICA, IT TOOK:</strong></span></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 68 days from Rotterdam to Baltimore in 1824.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 58 days from Bremen to Baltimore in 1832.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 44 days from Bremen to Baltimore in 1834.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 66 days from Bremen to New Orleans in 1843.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 47 days from LeHarve, France to New Orleans in 1854.</span></p> <div align="center"> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">From 1867 - 1890, most sailing ships used steam auxiliary engines on days when there was little or no wind. However, many sailing ships remained in service and their fares were often lower than the faster steam ships. In 1893, a steamship made its trip from Ireland to New York in only 10 days. (From various newsletters, last seen in The Muskingum, March 2000)</span></p> <p><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOUBLE DATING - OLD STYLE AND NEW STYLE</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Genealogists can be confused with the double-dating period between the 1<sup>st</sup> of January and the 25<sup>th</sup> of March of the years prior to 1752. The legal, civil, or Ecclesiastical Year. Prior to 1752, began on March 25<sup>th</sup> each year. The new style calendar began January 1, 1752.</span></p> </div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> From the time of the Norman conquest in 1066, the Historical Year began on January 1<sup>st</sup> making an overlap of two different years. It was customary to show both years in a hyphenated manner, such as: February 10, 1824/5. This was not always true, only just "customary". One may find old chronological tables which show only the older numbered year through March 24<sup>th</sup>. Entries made the following day are written in the next subsequent year, such as: March 25<sup>th</sup>, 1725. This is the day immediately following March 24, 1724.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> It is not unusual to find a person, prior to 1752, had dated his will in August and the will was probated in February of the same year.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Quakers, or Friends, used a number for a month, rather than the name of the month. February, in the Old Style calendar, was the twelfth: thus the 12 month 15<sup>th</sup> 1725 was the 15<sup>th</sup> of February for that year. A monthly meeting date would be written: 30<sup>th</sup> of the 9<sup>th</sup> mo 1742. A record of birth might be written: borne the 25<sup>th</sup> of ye 9<sup>th</sup> mo called November 1741.</span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="color: #ff0000;">OLD STYLE</span></span></strong></span><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">NEW STYLE</span></strong> </span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> (Year began March 25, prior to 1752) (Year began January 1, 1752 and subsequently)</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">March 1<sup>st</sup> month, I January</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> April 2<sup>nd</sup> month, II February</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> May 3<sup>rd</sup> month, III March</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> June 4<sup>th</sup> month, IV April </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> July 5<sup>th</sup> month, V May</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> August 6<sup>th</sup> month, VI June</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> September 7<sup>th</sup> month, VII July</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> October 8<sup>th</sup> month, VIII August</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> November 9<sup>th</sup> month, IX September</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> December 10<sup>th</sup> month, X October</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> January 11<sup>th</sup> month, XI November</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> February 12<sup>th</sup> month, XII December</span></p> <div align="center"> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">(information from <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Ancestors West</span>, Santa Barbara (CA) GS, v 18:31/ Benedict Newsletter Vol 1, No 2 (Summer 1993)</span></p> <p><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>WHAT YEAR WILL IT BE IN 2000?</strong></span></span></p> </div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> It is all in your perspective. The year 2000 AD will be:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 6238 according to the Egyptian calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 5760 according to the Jewish calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 5119 in the current Maya great cycle </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 2763 according to the old Roman calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 2749 in the ancient Babylonian calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 2544 according to the Buddhist calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 1716 according to the Coptic calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 1420 according to the Muslim calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 1378 according to the Persian calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 208 according to the calendar of the French Revolution</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Year of the Dragon according to Chinese calendar</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">THE CALENDAR, LEAP YEAR AND THE YEAR 2000</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The calendar or groupings of our calendar often have religious significance and some of the groupings are linked to astronomical periods. Our calendar is made up of days, weeks, months and years. The day is the rotational period of the Earth; the week is an artificial period linked to the Biblical story of creation; the month is linked to the period of the Moon and the year is linked to the Earth's period of rotation around the Sun.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Jewish calendar and the Moslem calendar are connected with the Moon. The Jewish calendar is now a fixed calendar with rather complex rules for its construction. The lenght of the Jewish year may be 353, 354, or 355 days or 383, 384, or 385 days. Each month has 29 or 30 days.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Moslem calendar is a fixed calendar. The religious festivals depend on visual sightings of the New Moon. The length of the Moslem year is 12 months of alternate lengths 30 or 29 days, except for the 12<sup>th</sup> month, which can have 29 or 30 days. The calendar is kept in adjustment with the Moon using a cycle of years of different length.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Mosaic law forbids work on every seventh day established a seven-day period as a measure of Jewish time. This passed over into the Christian church and gradually became established in the Roman calendar. The astrological practice of naming the days using the names of the Sun, Moon and five known planets provided us with the seven-day period.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The names given to the days of the week are based on the nomenclature. In English, Sunday and Monday are named after the Sun and Moon while the other days of the week are named after the Teutonic versions of the gods that corresponds to each of the planters. Tiu = Mars, Woden = Mercury, Thor = Jupiter and Freya = Venus, Saturday keeps its Latin connection with Saturn.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Many ancient calendars were based on the lunar cycle. The lunar month is 19.530589 days and the number of lunations in a year 12.368267. The common scheme was to have 12 months of 30 days with the arbitrary or calculated additional days or months to bring the system into accord with the solar year.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Roman Calendar originally had 10 months. Martius named after Mars was the indicated time for resumption of war, Aprilis meant 'to open' is the beginning of Spring, Maius is for Maia who is the goddess of growth, Janius is after juvenus meaning youth, Quintilius, Sextilis, Septembris, Octobris and Decembris mean the fifth to tenth months. The Romans had a dislike of even numbers as these symbolized death. Therefore, the months were given 29 or 31 days. King Numa increased the number of months to 12 by introducing Januarius after the god Janus, the protector of doorways and hence the opening of the new year and Februarius is the time of sacrifice at the end of the year. The order of the months was later changed.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> In order to reconcile the solar and lunar years, at the recommendation of Sosigenes Julius Caesar altered the length of the months and the change to our present format, which was completed by Caesar Augustus. Both claimed the names of one of the months and this gave rise to Julius and Augustus, which replaced Quintilius and Sextilis.</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">THE YEAR</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The number of days in one revolution of the Earth around the Sun is 365.2422 days. Not being a whole number it was impossible to keep the calendar in tract with the seasons. The calendar had to be varied in length.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Julius Caesar made the first attempt to reconcile the year with the seasons. He took a day from February which was then the last month and made his month, July a 31 day. This began the Julian Calendar. February was despoiled by Augustus Caesar who also despoiled a day so as to have a month, August also with 31 days. As some sort of compensation the leap day was given to February.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Julian Calendar introduced a year of 365 days with a leap-year every four years. It moved the start of the year from March 25 to January 1, which is supposedly the longest day. The adopted length of the year, 365.25 days is only slightly different from the actual length, 365.2422 days but over the centuries the difference mounts up and by the 16<sup>th</sup> centuries had become noticeable. The effect is to move Spring and the date of Easter, which is related to the vernal equinox, closer to the date of Christmas.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Gorgonian reform to the calendar altered the rule for determining if a year should be leap-year by stating that centenary years should only be leap years if they were divisible by 400. It dropped several days from the calendar so that the vernal equinox was brought back to March 21. The mean length of the calendar year is now 365.2425 days and the error compared with true value amounts to only 3 days in 10,000 years.</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">LEAP YEAR</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The leap year is defined as being the interval between two successive passages of the Sun through the vernal equinox. What really occurs is that the Earth is going around the Sun. The vernal equinox is the instant when the Sun is above the Earth's equator while going South to North. It is the time, which astronomers take as the definition of the beginning of Spring. The year as defined above is called the tropical year and it is the year lengths that define the repetition of the seasons.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> In 46 BC, Julius Caesar established the Julius calendar, which was used in the West until 1582. The Julian calendar each year contained 12 months and there was an average of 365.25 days in a year. This was achieved by having 366 days. Leap years were not corrected until 8 AD. The discrepancy between the actual length of the year 365.24219 days and the adopted length may not seem so important but the Religious seasonal days were getting out of kilter. Pope Gregory XIII instituted the Gregorian Calendar in 1582, which has been used since. The change from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian involved the change in the simple rule for leap-year to the more complex one in which the century year was divided by 400 to become a leap-year.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The adoption of the Gregorian calendar was made in Catholic countries, which omitted 10 days in 1582. That year, October 4<sup>th</sup> jumped to October 15<sup>th</sup>. The Gregorian calendar stipulated that the year should start with January 1<sup>st</sup> in non-Catholic countries the change was made later; Britain and her colonies made the changes in 1752 when September 2<sup>nd</sup> was followed by September 14<sup>th</sup> and New Year's Day was changed from March 25<sup>th</sup> to January 1<sup>st</sup>.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The sequence of years going from BC to AD does not include the year O. The sequence of years runs 3 BC, 2 BC, 1 BC, 1 AD, 2 AD etc. This means that the first year of the millennium was 1 AD. The Science and Engineering Research Council of the Royal Greenwich Observatory contend that it is clear that the start of the new Millennium will be January 1, 2001.</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">CELEBRATIONS</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Surely most will celebrate the coming of the year 2000 AD as is natural in any round number year. We will be celebrating the 2000<sup>th</sup> year or the last year of the millennium, not the start of the new millennium. This is only gives all the excuse to celebrate the coming of the millennium for a second time. </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Information from the Science and Engineering Research Council of the Royal Greenwich Observatory as quoted in </span>THE FRANKLINTONIAN, <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">NEWSLETTER FOR THE Franklin County, Genealogical and Historical Society. Nov/Dec. 1999 &amp; MCC-OGS Volume 20-6 pages 214-215</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">RESEARCH HARDER FOR MANY</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Some researchers have a harder time tracing ancestors than others simply because of the heritage of their ancestors. Here is an estimate of how far back some can expect to go, genealogically speaking:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Native Americans . . . . . . . . . . .150 years</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> African Americans,</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Greek, Irish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 years</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 years</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Scots, Scandinavian . . . . . . . . . 400 years</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> French, Italian, </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Germanic, Slavic . . . . . . . . . . . 500 years</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Swiss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600 years</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Spanish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 years</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">NOTES ON BRITISH RESEARCH HELPS</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> "HOW TO DETERMINE IF THE FAMILY IS COMPLETE:"</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">If you are lacking any of the first three items, the family may not be complete:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1. The marriage date of the parents. The first child should be born within a year or two at the latest of the marriage date.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 2. Spacing between children should be two years average. Three years is acceptable depending on the next item. Four years or more should make you suspicious.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 3. The total number of children should be around 5 - 6, before 1800 and around 8 - 9 after 1800. If there are more children than that, it is not unusual for there to be four or more years between the last tow children, especially if the wife is near the end of her potential child bearing years.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 4. What was the age of the mother at marriage? How many childbearing years did she have left? Keep in mind that the average bride at marriage between 1600-1749 was 26, and in 1700 only 8-10% of the population were 60 or older. Hence, she would be lucky to have a child after 40, and she was probably deceased by 50. That would mean, if conditions were ideal, about 14 years for child bearing, and if the spacing rule in item 3 above holds up, about 6-7 children. The average bride at marriage between 1800-1850 was 23.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">ADVANCED RESEARCH: Sources of Information:</span></p> <div align="center"> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="color: #ff0000;">MAIN SOURCES</span></span></strong></span><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">SECONDARY SOURCES</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><br /> </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Civil Registration 1837 - Poor Law 1662-1834</span></p> </div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Census 1841 - Directories/Poll Books 1700 -</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Church Records Land Tax 1780 -</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Parish Registers 1538 - Tax on Apprentices 1710 -1810</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Bishop's Transcripts Military 1660</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Marriages Licenses/Indexes Newspapers/Period c1700 - </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Nonconformists 1689 - 1837 Schools Records</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Probates 1400 - 1838 University Records 1150 -</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Manor Court Rolls 1400 - 1850</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Guild Records 1400 - 1850</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Taxes/Lay Subsidies 1216 - 1800</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Quarter Sessions 1532 - 1888 </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Chancery (Bernau's Index) 1386 - 1875</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Feet of Fines 1182 - 1834</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Inquisition post Mortem 1216 - 1642</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Visitations 1528 - 1687</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Assize 1500 - 8175</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Protestation Rolls 1641 - 42</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Poll &amp; Hearth Taxes 1377 - 1689 </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">( Information from MCC_OGS Volume 20-4 page 204.)</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">SOME CEMETERIES BURY IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> When searching cemeteries, you should be aware that religion sometimes had a lot to do with the way people were buried. Here's a good example: In the Old Country, Lutherans were buried "in Order" of death. There was a row for children (with small stones), and one for adults.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> When winter came, the church would dig six or seven graves and cover them with straw in anticipation of coming deaths that winter. That way, the church members didn't have to dig through frozen ground or go to several different spots in a cemetery.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> When people died, they were buried in chronological order. So, if you're visiting one of these cemeteries and you can't read a stone that sits between two others that are legible, at least you'll know the person's approximate date of death. </span></p> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">GEN - TIPS on FADED WRITING</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> If writing is too faded to read, use a 75 watt light bulb in any lamp that casts light directly on the written page. The writing will miraculously appear.</span></p> <strong></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p></div> <div class="feed-description"><table width="95%" cellpadding="15" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td height="11"> <div align="center"> <h1><span style="color: #ff0000;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">FOSTORIA LINEAGE RESEARCH SOCIETY</span></strong></span></h1> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><a href="index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=95"></a></span></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td valign="top"> <div align="left"> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>BIRTHDATE FORMS AND BAPTISM RECORDS</strong></span></span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Calculates birth date from death date and age of death in year-month-day format. You might want to try the Java Script. All dates, Gregorian or Julian, use New Year on January 1<sup>st</sup>.</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> This new version uses two different computation methods: (28 day calculation has some problems and it wasn't very useful, so it has been removed.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1. 30 day fixed length (the "8870" system is a variant of this)</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 2. Calendar length months</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Baptism date may be found at the local churches your ancestors attended or your local libraries. </span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>COMING TO AMERICA, IT TOOK:</strong></span></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 68 days from Rotterdam to Baltimore in 1824.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 58 days from Bremen to Baltimore in 1832.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 44 days from Bremen to Baltimore in 1834.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 66 days from Bremen to New Orleans in 1843.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 47 days from LeHarve, France to New Orleans in 1854.</span></p> <div align="center"> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">From 1867 - 1890, most sailing ships used steam auxiliary engines on days when there was little or no wind. However, many sailing ships remained in service and their fares were often lower than the faster steam ships. In 1893, a steamship made its trip from Ireland to New York in only 10 days. (From various newsletters, last seen in The Muskingum, March 2000)</span></p> <p><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">DOUBLE DATING - OLD STYLE AND NEW STYLE</span></strong></span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Genealogists can be confused with the double-dating period between the 1<sup>st</sup> of January and the 25<sup>th</sup> of March of the years prior to 1752. The legal, civil, or Ecclesiastical Year. Prior to 1752, began on March 25<sup>th</sup> each year. The new style calendar began January 1, 1752.</span></p> </div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> From the time of the Norman conquest in 1066, the Historical Year began on January 1<sup>st</sup> making an overlap of two different years. It was customary to show both years in a hyphenated manner, such as: February 10, 1824/5. This was not always true, only just "customary". One may find old chronological tables which show only the older numbered year through March 24<sup>th</sup>. Entries made the following day are written in the next subsequent year, such as: March 25<sup>th</sup>, 1725. This is the day immediately following March 24, 1724.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> It is not unusual to find a person, prior to 1752, had dated his will in August and the will was probated in February of the same year.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Quakers, or Friends, used a number for a month, rather than the name of the month. February, in the Old Style calendar, was the twelfth: thus the 12 month 15<sup>th</sup> 1725 was the 15<sup>th</sup> of February for that year. A monthly meeting date would be written: 30<sup>th</sup> of the 9<sup>th</sup> mo 1742. A record of birth might be written: borne the 25<sup>th</sup> of ye 9<sup>th</sup> mo called November 1741.</span></p> <div align="center"><br /> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="color: #ff0000;">OLD STYLE</span></span></strong></span><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">NEW STYLE</span></strong> </span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> (Year began March 25, prior to 1752) (Year began January 1, 1752 and subsequently)</span></p> <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">March 1<sup>st</sup> month, I January</span> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> April 2<sup>nd</sup> month, II February</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> May 3<sup>rd</sup> month, III March</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> June 4<sup>th</sup> month, IV April </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> July 5<sup>th</sup> month, V May</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> August 6<sup>th</sup> month, VI June</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> September 7<sup>th</sup> month, VII July</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> October 8<sup>th</sup> month, VIII August</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> November 9<sup>th</sup> month, IX September</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> December 10<sup>th</sup> month, X October</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> January 11<sup>th</sup> month, XI November</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> February 12<sup>th</sup> month, XII December</span></p> <div align="center"> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">(information from <span style="text-decoration: underline;">Ancestors West</span>, Santa Barbara (CA) GS, v 18:31/ Benedict Newsletter Vol 1, No 2 (Summer 1993)</span></p> <p><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>WHAT YEAR WILL IT BE IN 2000?</strong></span></span></p> </div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> It is all in your perspective. The year 2000 AD will be:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 6238 according to the Egyptian calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 5760 according to the Jewish calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 5119 in the current Maya great cycle </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 2763 according to the old Roman calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 2749 in the ancient Babylonian calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 2544 according to the Buddhist calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 1716 according to the Coptic calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 1420 according to the Muslim calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 1378 according to the Persian calendar</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * 208 according to the calendar of the French Revolution</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> * Year of the Dragon according to Chinese calendar</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">THE CALENDAR, LEAP YEAR AND THE YEAR 2000</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The calendar or groupings of our calendar often have religious significance and some of the groupings are linked to astronomical periods. Our calendar is made up of days, weeks, months and years. The day is the rotational period of the Earth; the week is an artificial period linked to the Biblical story of creation; the month is linked to the period of the Moon and the year is linked to the Earth's period of rotation around the Sun.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Jewish calendar and the Moslem calendar are connected with the Moon. The Jewish calendar is now a fixed calendar with rather complex rules for its construction. The lenght of the Jewish year may be 353, 354, or 355 days or 383, 384, or 385 days. Each month has 29 or 30 days.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Moslem calendar is a fixed calendar. The religious festivals depend on visual sightings of the New Moon. The length of the Moslem year is 12 months of alternate lengths 30 or 29 days, except for the 12<sup>th</sup> month, which can have 29 or 30 days. The calendar is kept in adjustment with the Moon using a cycle of years of different length.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Mosaic law forbids work on every seventh day established a seven-day period as a measure of Jewish time. This passed over into the Christian church and gradually became established in the Roman calendar. The astrological practice of naming the days using the names of the Sun, Moon and five known planets provided us with the seven-day period.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The names given to the days of the week are based on the nomenclature. In English, Sunday and Monday are named after the Sun and Moon while the other days of the week are named after the Teutonic versions of the gods that corresponds to each of the planters. Tiu = Mars, Woden = Mercury, Thor = Jupiter and Freya = Venus, Saturday keeps its Latin connection with Saturn.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Many ancient calendars were based on the lunar cycle. The lunar month is 19.530589 days and the number of lunations in a year 12.368267. The common scheme was to have 12 months of 30 days with the arbitrary or calculated additional days or months to bring the system into accord with the solar year.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Roman Calendar originally had 10 months. Martius named after Mars was the indicated time for resumption of war, Aprilis meant 'to open' is the beginning of Spring, Maius is for Maia who is the goddess of growth, Janius is after juvenus meaning youth, Quintilius, Sextilis, Septembris, Octobris and Decembris mean the fifth to tenth months. The Romans had a dislike of even numbers as these symbolized death. Therefore, the months were given 29 or 31 days. King Numa increased the number of months to 12 by introducing Januarius after the god Janus, the protector of doorways and hence the opening of the new year and Februarius is the time of sacrifice at the end of the year. The order of the months was later changed.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> In order to reconcile the solar and lunar years, at the recommendation of Sosigenes Julius Caesar altered the length of the months and the change to our present format, which was completed by Caesar Augustus. Both claimed the names of one of the months and this gave rise to Julius and Augustus, which replaced Quintilius and Sextilis.</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">THE YEAR</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The number of days in one revolution of the Earth around the Sun is 365.2422 days. Not being a whole number it was impossible to keep the calendar in tract with the seasons. The calendar had to be varied in length.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Julius Caesar made the first attempt to reconcile the year with the seasons. He took a day from February which was then the last month and made his month, July a 31 day. This began the Julian Calendar. February was despoiled by Augustus Caesar who also despoiled a day so as to have a month, August also with 31 days. As some sort of compensation the leap day was given to February.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Julian Calendar introduced a year of 365 days with a leap-year every four years. It moved the start of the year from March 25 to January 1, which is supposedly the longest day. The adopted length of the year, 365.25 days is only slightly different from the actual length, 365.2422 days but over the centuries the difference mounts up and by the 16<sup>th</sup> centuries had become noticeable. The effect is to move Spring and the date of Easter, which is related to the vernal equinox, closer to the date of Christmas.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The Gorgonian reform to the calendar altered the rule for determining if a year should be leap-year by stating that centenary years should only be leap years if they were divisible by 400. It dropped several days from the calendar so that the vernal equinox was brought back to March 21. The mean length of the calendar year is now 365.2425 days and the error compared with true value amounts to only 3 days in 10,000 years.</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">LEAP YEAR</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The leap year is defined as being the interval between two successive passages of the Sun through the vernal equinox. What really occurs is that the Earth is going around the Sun. The vernal equinox is the instant when the Sun is above the Earth's equator while going South to North. It is the time, which astronomers take as the definition of the beginning of Spring. The year as defined above is called the tropical year and it is the year lengths that define the repetition of the seasons.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> In 46 BC, Julius Caesar established the Julius calendar, which was used in the West until 1582. The Julian calendar each year contained 12 months and there was an average of 365.25 days in a year. This was achieved by having 366 days. Leap years were not corrected until 8 AD. The discrepancy between the actual length of the year 365.24219 days and the adopted length may not seem so important but the Religious seasonal days were getting out of kilter. Pope Gregory XIII instituted the Gregorian Calendar in 1582, which has been used since. The change from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian involved the change in the simple rule for leap-year to the more complex one in which the century year was divided by 400 to become a leap-year.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The adoption of the Gregorian calendar was made in Catholic countries, which omitted 10 days in 1582. That year, October 4<sup>th</sup> jumped to October 15<sup>th</sup>. The Gregorian calendar stipulated that the year should start with January 1<sup>st</sup> in non-Catholic countries the change was made later; Britain and her colonies made the changes in 1752 when September 2<sup>nd</sup> was followed by September 14<sup>th</sup> and New Year's Day was changed from March 25<sup>th</sup> to January 1<sup>st</sup>.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> The sequence of years going from BC to AD does not include the year O. The sequence of years runs 3 BC, 2 BC, 1 BC, 1 AD, 2 AD etc. This means that the first year of the millennium was 1 AD. The Science and Engineering Research Council of the Royal Greenwich Observatory contend that it is clear that the start of the new Millennium will be January 1, 2001.</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">CELEBRATIONS</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Surely most will celebrate the coming of the year 2000 AD as is natural in any round number year. We will be celebrating the 2000<sup>th</sup> year or the last year of the millennium, not the start of the new millennium. This is only gives all the excuse to celebrate the coming of the millennium for a second time. </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Information from the Science and Engineering Research Council of the Royal Greenwich Observatory as quoted in </span>THE FRANKLINTONIAN, <span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">NEWSLETTER FOR THE Franklin County, Genealogical and Historical Society. Nov/Dec. 1999 &amp; MCC-OGS Volume 20-6 pages 214-215</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">RESEARCH HARDER FOR MANY</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Some researchers have a harder time tracing ancestors than others simply because of the heritage of their ancestors. Here is an estimate of how far back some can expect to go, genealogically speaking:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Native Americans . . . . . . . . . . .150 years</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> African Americans,</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Greek, Irish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 years</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 years</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Scots, Scandinavian . . . . . . . . . 400 years</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> French, Italian, </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Germanic, Slavic . . . . . . . . . . . 500 years</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Swiss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600 years</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Spanish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000 years</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">NOTES ON BRITISH RESEARCH HELPS</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong> "HOW TO DETERMINE IF THE FAMILY IS COMPLETE:"</strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">If you are lacking any of the first three items, the family may not be complete:</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 1. The marriage date of the parents. The first child should be born within a year or two at the latest of the marriage date.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 2. Spacing between children should be two years average. Three years is acceptable depending on the next item. Four years or more should make you suspicious.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 3. The total number of children should be around 5 - 6, before 1800 and around 8 - 9 after 1800. If there are more children than that, it is not unusual for there to be four or more years between the last tow children, especially if the wife is near the end of her potential child bearing years.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> 4. What was the age of the mother at marriage? How many childbearing years did she have left? Keep in mind that the average bride at marriage between 1600-1749 was 26, and in 1700 only 8-10% of the population were 60 or older. Hence, she would be lucky to have a child after 40, and she was probably deceased by 50. That would mean, if conditions were ideal, about 14 years for child bearing, and if the spacing rule in item 3 above holds up, about 6-7 children. The average bride at marriage between 1800-1850 was 23.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">ADVANCED RESEARCH: Sources of Information:</span></p> <div align="center"> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="color: #ff0000;">MAIN SOURCES</span></span></strong></span><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"> <strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">SECONDARY SOURCES</span></strong></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"><br /> </span></p> <p align="left"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Civil Registration 1837 - Poor Law 1662-1834</span></p> </div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Census 1841 - Directories/Poll Books 1700 -</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Church Records Land Tax 1780 -</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Parish Registers 1538 - Tax on Apprentices 1710 -1810</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Bishop's Transcripts Military 1660</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Marriages Licenses/Indexes Newspapers/Period c1700 - </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Nonconformists 1689 - 1837 Schools Records</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Probates 1400 - 1838 University Records 1150 -</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Manor Court Rolls 1400 - 1850</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Guild Records 1400 - 1850</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Taxes/Lay Subsidies 1216 - 1800</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Quarter Sessions 1532 - 1888 </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Chancery (Bernau's Index) 1386 - 1875</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Feet of Fines 1182 - 1834</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Inquisition post Mortem 1216 - 1642</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Visitations 1528 - 1687</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Assize 1500 - 8175</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Protestation Rolls 1641 - 42</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> Poll &amp; Hearth Taxes 1377 - 1689 </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">( Information from MCC_OGS Volume 20-4 page 204.)</span></p> <div align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">SOME CEMETERIES BURY IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER</span></strong></span></div> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> When searching cemeteries, you should be aware that religion sometimes had a lot to do with the way people were buried. Here's a good example: In the Old Country, Lutherans were buried "in Order" of death. There was a row for children (with small stones), and one for adults.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> When winter came, the church would dig six or seven graves and cover them with straw in anticipation of coming deaths that winter. That way, the church members didn't have to dig through frozen ground or go to several different spots in a cemetery.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> When people died, they were buried in chronological order. So, if you're visiting one of these cemeteries and you can't read a stone that sits between two others that are legible, at least you'll know the person's approximate date of death. </span></p> <p align="center"><span style="color: #ff0000; font-family: Times New Roman;"><strong><span style="text-decoration: underline;">GEN - TIPS on FADED WRITING</span></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;"> If writing is too faded to read, use a 75 watt light bulb in any lamp that casts light directly on the written page. The writing will miraculously appear.</span></p> <strong></strong></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td height="2"> <div align="center"> <p align="right"><span style="color: #990000;"><em>Information courtesy of Wanda Pohlman</em></span></p> </div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p></div>